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Articles (teacher copy) of Confederation
Transcript of Articles (teacher copy) of Confederation
Ratification of the Articles of Confederation by all thirteen states did not occur until March 1, 1781. So Congress went to work writing the
Articles of Confederation. This was a
list of 13 laws that Congress, the head
of the national government, and the
13 states would follow.
The Articles officially
named the 13 states
"The United States of America." No state can enter into treaties with other countries or with other states. Only Congress will appoint military officers during times of war. For tribes, the formation of a separate country only increased the flow of white settlers onto their lands and led to more clashes. Included were laws such as 'Each state will honor court proceedings from the other states.' The Articles also said that
Canada would be admitted into the Union and was entitled to all the advantages of the Union. The Articles of Confederation Each state was
own money. There was no unity among states.
Alexander Hamilton said that the 13 states were like a monster with 13 heads, each thinking for
themselves. Each state was
making it's own
laws. Eleven states
had their own
navies Virginia's navy even
had 72 ships! Congress,who controlled the National Government, had a navy too, but it was smaller than Virginia's. Congress was printing money too,
for the National Government. None of the currency
was worth anything, because it was not backed by anything. Each state
own tax system For example, New York was taxing goods from New Jersey New Jersey was taxing goods from New York, etc. Many states
were arguing over
boundary lines Small states
and big states
argued with each other. A Philadelphia newspaper
reported a movement to create 3 separate nations out of the 13 states. Back in England, people were saying that the Americans would soon be begging to be governed by Britain again. The plan of government was created but it didn't address the needs of America. The Articles had weaknesses. American citizens were afraid of political power They were afraid of a strong congress and a strong president
because of their experiences with Parliament and King George. The Articles of Confederation didn't give Congress the power to do much of anything. There was no way to enforce the laws of the government. There was no president except the president of Congress and he couldn't do much. The first president of the United States was actually President Hanson, but he was the president under the Articles of Confederation. So what was the ultimate question? How can a government be formed
that provides freedom for each person but still has a government powerful enough to accompish things? America needed a plan of government. SOLUTION: People have to give up some freedom when they are part of a society that is ruled by laws. Because each state, no matter the size or population, had an equal vote in Congress. This meant that Rhode Island, with 68,000 citizens, had the same representation as Virginia, which had 747,000. Congress was even chased out of Philadelphia by its own army because it hadn't paid the soldiers their salaries. But Congress couldn't pay the soldiers because it had no power to collect taxes, and tax money is what pays the military. The country really didn't even have a name.
Some called it the American Commonwealth.
Others called it the American Confederation.
A few talked of 'united states', with states meaning they could
govern themselves (colonies meant they were part of another country).
and a VERY few said 'THE United States'. Private individuals and states were claiming land west of the Appalachian Mountains and east of the Mississippi River in the Ohio Valley.
Some areas were claimed by three or four states at once. America needed
some sort of plan
of government that
could run the
Some colonists didn't
like the word
on using the
word 'union'. States began to argue amongst themselves. Arguments between the
states could not be settled
unless a central government
had more power than any one state. Mohawk Joseph Brant was fighting settlers in New York
and Pennsylvania. The eastern states were ignoring treaties that had been made with the tribes and were moving into tribal territory. The British were secretly helping Brant because
they didn't believe the states would last long. States could contribute money to the national government if they felt like it. No one could force them. Congress could declare war, but they depended on the states to supply soldiers. They couldn't make anyone join the fight. He is not famous because he had no power and we do
not start counting Presidents until the Constitution
is written. The Constituion gives the President more power. The country had no overall legal system.—Congress could make laws, but they had no power to enforce them. States were not required to send delegates to the national meetings. States continued printing their own money. THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
PROVED TO BE TOO WEAK TO ACTUALLY RUN THE UNITED STATES EFFECTIVELY.