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التنظيم الجيني و الطفرات ...

مشروع أحياء
by

Bolareta spy

on 9 December 2013

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Transcript of التنظيم الجيني و الطفرات ...


+*+*
ﻯﻮﻨﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺋﺍﺪﺒﻟﺍ ﺎﻳﻼﺨﻟﺍ
ﻲﻓ
ﻲﻨﻴﺠﻟﺍ ﻢﻴﻈﻨﺘﻟﺍ
+*+*

::: ]

ﻯﻮﻨﻟﺍ ﺔﻘﻴﻘﺤﻟﺍ
ﺎﻳﻼﺨﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻨﻴﺠﻟﺍ ﻢﻴﻈﻨﺘﻟﺍ
[ :::
|:|
ﺔﻴﺛﺍﺭﻮﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﺪﻨﻬﻟﺍ
|:|



◘ ﺕﺍﺮﻔﻄﻟﺍ ﻭ
ﻲﻨﻴﺠﻟﺍ
ﻢﻴﻈﻨﺘﻟﺍ ◘


: ﺎﻤﻫ ﺦﺴﻨﻟﺍ ﻞﻣﺍﻮﻋ ﻦﻣ ﻥﺎﺘﻴﺴﻴﺋﺭ ﻥﺎﺘﻋﻮﻤﺠﻣ ﻙﺎﻨﻫﻭ : : ¦¤™¨¨°

. ﻢﻈﻨﻤﻟﺎﺑ ﻁﺎﺒﺗﺭﺍ ﻪﺟﻮﺗﻭ RNA ﺓﺮﻤﻠﺑ ﻢﻳﺰﻧﺇ ﻢﻈﻨﺗ ﺓﺪﻘﻌﻣ ﻥﻮﻜﺗ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺦﺴﻨﻟﺍ ﻞﻣﺍﻮﻋ

( ١ )
ﺮﻴﺒﻌﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﻯﻮﻨﻟﺍ ﺔﻘﻴﻘﺤﻟﺍ ﺎﻳﻼﺨﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﻢﻜﺤﺘﺗ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﻖﺋﺍﺮﻄﻟﺍ ﻯﺪﺣﺇ ♠

ﻞﻣﺍﻮﻌﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﻦﻤﻀﺗ ﺚﻴﺣ ، ﺦﺴﻨﻟﺍ ﻞﻣﺍﻮﻋ ﻰﻤﺴﺗ ﺕﺎﻨﻴﺗﻭﺮﺑ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﺙﺪﺤﺗ ﻲﻨﻴﺠﻟﺍ

♠ ﺐﺳﺎﻨﻤﻟﺍ ﺖﻗﻮﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻦﻴﺠﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻌﺘﺳﺍ
~*~ Gene
Regulation
And
Mutation
~*~

~● ﻲﻨﻴﺠﻟﺍ ﻢﻴﻈﺘﻟﺍ ~●

||

Let's start the adventure in the jungle

||

◘◘°•.¸.·°°•.¸.·
ﺮﻴﺒﻌﺘﻟﺍ ﺍﺬﻫ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺍﺮﻔﻄﻟﺍ ﺮﺛﺆﺗ ﻥﺍ ﻦﻜﻤﻳﻭ

، ﻲﻨﻴﺠﻟﺍ ﺮﻴﺒﻌﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻠﺨﻟﺍ ﻢﻴﻈﻨﺗ

◘◘°•.¸.·°°•.¸.·
|●|

ﺔﺴﻴﺋﺮﻟﺍ ﺓﺮﻜﻔﻟﺍ

|●|

♥♫
ﺪﺼﻘﻳ ﺚﻴﺣ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻪﻜﻟﺎﺴﺑ ﻯﺩﺃ ﺎﻣ ﺏﻭﺭﺪﻟﺍ ﺮﻴﺧ
♥♫



▐ ◙

ﺔﺌﻴﺒﻠﻟ
ﺔﺑﺎﺠﺘﺳﺍ
ﺦﺴﻨﺗ ﺕﺎﻨﻴﺠﻟﺍ
ﻱﺃ
ﺭﺎﻴﺘﺧﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻢﻜﺤﺘﻟﺍ
ﻰﻠﻋ
ﻲﺤﻟﺍ ﻕﻮﻠﺨﻤﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺪﻗ
ﻮﻫ
▐ ◙

▐ ◙
ﺔﻴﺗﻻﺍ ﺀﺍﺰﺟﻻﺍ
ﺔﻟﺎﻌﻔﻟﺍ
ﺔﻘﻄﻨﻤﻟﺍ ﻢﻀﺗﻭ
▐ ◙
ﻞﻐﺸﻤﻟﺍ
ﺰﻔﺤﻤﻟﺍﻭ
ﺎﻤﻈﻨﻣ ﺎﻨﻴﺟﻭ
ﺕﺎﻨﻴﺗﻭﺮﺒﻟﺍ ﺮﻔﺸﺗ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻨﻴﺠﻟﺍﻭ ツ
؛¤ّ,¸¸,ّ¤؛
ﺔﻟﺎﻌﻔﻟﺍ ﺔﻘﻄﻨﻤﻟﺍ
؛¤ّ,¸¸,ّ¤؛

^ـ&*#
ﺓﺩﺪﺤﻣ ﺾﻳﺃ ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻌﻟ
ﺔﻳﺭﻭﺮﺿ
ﺕﺎﻨﻴﺗﻮﺗﺮﺑ ﺮﻔﺸﺗ ﺕﺎﻨﻴﺟ
ﻰﻠﻋ
ﻱﻮﺘﺤﺗ
DNA
ﻦﻣ ﺔﻌﻄﻗ ﻲﻫ
^ـ&*#
▐ ◙
ﻲﺤﻟﺍ ﻕﻮﻠﺨﻤﻟﺍ
ﺓﺎﻴﺣ ﻦﻣ ﺓﺩﺪﺤﻣ ﺕﺎﻗﻭﺃ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﻨﻋ ﺮﻴﺒﻌﺘﻟﺍ ﻢﺘﻴﺳ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻨﻴﺠﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ
ﻯﻮﻨﻟﺍ ﺔﻘﻴﻘﺤﻟﺍ ﺎﻳﻼﺨﻟﺍ ﻢﻜﺤﺘﺗ ﻥﺃ
ﺐﺠﻳ
▐ ◙

~●

ﻢﻜﺤﺘﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻈﻧ ﺪﻴﻘﻌﺗ
ﻦﻣ ﺪﻳﺰﻳ ﻚﻟﺫ ﻥﺈﻓ ﻯﻮﻨﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺋﺍﺪﺒﻟﺍ ﺎﻳﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﺍﺪﻴﻘﻌﺗ ﺮﺜﻛﺃ ﺎﻬﺒﻴﻛﺮﺗﻭ
ﻯﻮﻨﻟﺍ ﺔﻘﻴﻘﺤﻟﺍ ﺎﻳﻼﺨﻟﺍ
ﻢﻴﻈﻨﺗ ﺖﻧﺎﻛ ﺎﻤﻟﻭ
~●


» . . .
ﺦﺴﻨﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﻲﻓ ﻢﻜﺤﺘﻟﺍ
. . . «


. ﺦﺴﻨﻟﺍ ﺔﻋﺮﺴﺑ ﻢﻜﺤﺘﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺪﻋﺎﺴﺗ ﺔﻤﻈﻨﻣ ﺕﺎﻨﻴﺗﻭﺮﺑ ﻞﻤﺸﺘﻓ ، ﻯﺮﺧﻻﺍ ﺔﻋﻮﻤﺠﻤﻟﺍ ﺎﻣﺃ
( ٢ )

-[
RNA ﻞﺧﺍﺪﺗ
] -
,
RNA
ﻞﺧاﺪﺗ ﻲﻫ ﻯﻮﻨﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻘﻴﻘﺤﻟﺍ ﺎﻳﻼﺨﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻨﻴﺟ ﻢﻴﻈﻨﺘﻟ ﻯﺮﺧﻻﺍ ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻄﻟﺍ
* ~
~ *
ﻊﻄﻘﻤﻟﺍ ﻰﻤﺴﻳ ﻢﻳﺰﻧﺇ ﻪﻄﺳﺍﻮﺑ ﺔﻴﻠﺨﻟﺍ ﻡﺯﻼﺑﻮﺘﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻠﺴﻠﺴﻟﺍ ﻲﺋﺎﻨﺜﻟﺍ
RNA
ﻦﻣ ﻩﺮﻴﻐﺻ ﻊﻄﻗ ﻊﻄﻘﺗ ﺚﻴﺣ
^*^
NEW INFORMATION
^*^

- ●
ﺕﺍﺮﻔﻄﻟﺍ
● -


~!
ﻂﻘﺳ ﺚﻴﺣ ﻰﻘﺒﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻞﺸﻔﻟﺍ ﻦﻜﻟﻭ ،ًﻼﺸﻓ ﺲﻴﻟ ﻥﺎﺴﻧﻹﺍ ﻁﻮﻘﺳ
!~

، ﻝﻮﺼﺤﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺩﺎﻧ ﺕﺎﺑﺍﺮﺿﻻﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ، ﺏﻮﻠﻄﻣ ﺮﻴﻏ ﺎﺣﺎﺘﻔﻣ ﻂﻐﻀﺗ ﺐﺘﻜﺗ ﺎﻣﺪﻨﻋ ؟ ﺏﻮﺳﺎﺤﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻚﺘﺑﺎﺘﻛ ﺀﺎﻨﺛﺃ ﺕﺎﻄﺧﺃ ﻥﺃ ﺙﺪﺣ ﻞﻫ
{<~


~>}
ﺓﺮﻔﻄﻟﺍ ﻰﻤﺴﻳ ﺍﺬﻫﻭ ، ﺔﻴﻠﺨﻟﺍ DNA ﻲﻓ ﻢﺋﺍﺩ ﺮﻴﻐﺗ ﺚﺤﻳ ﻥﺎﻴﺣﻻﺍ ﺾﻌﺑ ﻲﻔﻓ ، ﻞﻠﺨﻟﺍ ﺾﻌﺑ ﺢﻠﺼﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺎﻬﻨﻜﻤﻳ ﺡﻼﺻﺇ ﺕﺎﻴﻟﺁ ﺔﻴﻠﺨﻟﺍ ﻚﻠﻤﺗﻭ






•∫∫ ﺮﺒﺼﻟﺎﺑ ﻦﻜﻟﻭ ﺓﻮﻘﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻤﻴﻈﻌﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﻻﺍ ﻢﺘﺗﻻ •∫∫

~&~
ﺕﺍﺮﻔﻄﻟﺍ ﻉﺍﻮﻧﺃ
~&~

ﻲﻓ ﺪﻋﺍﻮﻘﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺪﺣﺍﻭ ﺝﻭﺯ ﻲﻓ ﺙﺪﺤﺗ ﺕﺍﺮﻴﻐﺗ ﻦﻴﺑ ﺕﺍﺮﻔﻄﻟﺍ ﺡﻭﺍﺭﺮﺘﺗ
ﺕﺎﻣﻮﺳﻮﻣﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺓﺮﻴﺒﻛ ﻊﻄﻘ فﺬﺣ ﻰﻟإ DNA ﺕﺍﺮﻔﺷ ﺔﻠﺴﻠﺳ
ﻝﺍﺪﺒﺘﺳﻻﺍ ﻰﻤﺴﺗ ﺮﺧﺂﺑ ﺪﻋﺍﻮﻗ ﺝﻭﺯ ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﻝﺪﺒﺘﺴﻳ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻄﻘﻨﻟﺍ ﺓﺮﻔﻄﻟﺎﻓ
. ( ﺓﺮﺛﺆﻣ ) ﺔﺳﺎﺴﺣ ﺕﺍﺮﻔﻃ ﻲﻫ ﻝﺍﺪﺒﺘﺳﻻﺍ ﺕﺍﺮﻔﻃ ﻢﻈﻌﻣﻭ
: ﻝﺍﺪﺒﺘﺳﻻﺍ ﺕﺍﺮﻔﻃ ﻦﻣﻭ
(( ﺔﺳﺎﺴﺤﻟﺍ ﺮﻴﻏ )) : ﻰﻤﺴﺗ ﺕﺍﺮﻔﻃ ﻯﺮﺧﻻا

.
DNA
ﺉﺰﺟ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﻨﻴﺟﻭﺮﺘﻴﻨﻟﺍ ﺪﻋﺍﻮﻘﻟﺍ ﻞﺴﻠﺴﺗ ﻦﻤﺿ
ﺪﻴﺗﻮﻴﻠﻛﻮﻴﻧ
ﻪﺗﺭﺎﺴﺧ ﻭﺃ ﺪﺣﺍﻭ
ﺪﻴﺗﻮﻴﻠﻛﻮﻴﻧ
ﺐﺴﻛ ﻦﻤﻀﺘﻳ ( أ )

. ﺔﻓﺎﺿﻻﺍ ﺕﺍﺮﻔﻃ
DNA
ﻰﻠﻋ ﺪﻋﺍﻮﻘﻟﺍ ﻞﺴﻠﺴﺗ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺪﻴﺗﻮﻴﻠﻛﻮﻴﻧ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﺇ ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﻰﻤﺴﺗﻭ ( ب )

. ﻑﺬﺤﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺮﻔﻃ ﻰﻤﺴﻴﻓ
ﺪﻳﻮﻴﻠﻛﻮﻴﻧ
ﻥﺍﺪﻘﻓ ﺎﻣﺃ ( ج )

. ﻦﻴﻌﻣ
ﻲﺛﺍﺭﻭ
ﻞﻠﺧ ﻭﺃ ﺽﺮﻤﺑ ﻥﺎﻴﺣﻻﺍ ﺾﻌﺑ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺍﺮﻔﻄﻟﺍ ﻂﺒﺗﺮﺗ ( د )


.
ﺎﻳﺭﻮﻴﻧﻮﺘﺑﺎﻜﻟﺍ
ﺽﺮﻣ ﻚﻟﺫ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻠﺜﻣﻻﺍ ﻦﻣﻭ ( ه )

، ﺓﺮﻔﻃ ﻲﻓ ﻙﺮﺘﺸﺗ ﻥﺃ
DNA
ﻦﻣ ﺓﺮﻴﺒﻛ ﺀﺍﺰﺟﻼﻟ ﺎﻀﻳﺃ ﻦﻜﻤﻳﻭ ( و )

،
ﻡﻮﺳﻮﻣﺮﻜﻟﺍ
ﻰﻠﻋ ﻒﻠﺘﺨﻣ ﻊﻗﻮﻣ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻞﻘﺘﻨﺗ ﻭﺃ ﺕﺎﻨﻴﺠﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺮﺜﻛﺃ ﻭﺃ ﺍﺪﺣﺍﻭ ﺎﻨﻴﺟ ﻱﻮﺘﺤﺗ ﻡﻮﺳﻮﻣﺮﻛ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻌﻄﻗ ﻑﺬﺤﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ ﺫﺇ
. ﺮﺧﺁ
مﻮﺳﻮﻣﺮﻛ
ﻰﻟﺇ ﻭﺃ

. ﺕﺎﻨﻴﺠﻟﺍ ﺓﺬﻫ ﻦﻋ ﺮﻴﺒﻌﺘﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺪﻳﺪﺷ ﺕﺍﺮﻴﺛﺎﺗ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺎﺒﻟﺎﻏ ﻩﺬﻫ
ﻡﻮﺳﻮﻣﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ
ﺐﻴﺗﺮﺗ ﺓﺩﺎﻋﺇ ﻱﺩﺆﺗﻭ ( ز )

. ﺔﻴﺋﺎﻘﻠﺗ ﺓﺭﻮﺼﺑ -
ﺔﻴﻄﻘﻨﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺮﻔﻄﻟﺍ ﺎﺻﻮﺼﺧﻭ
- ﺕﺍﺮﻔﻄﻟﺍ ﺾﻌﺑ ﺙﺪﺤﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ

, ﺔﻌﺷﻻﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﺋﺎﻴﻤﻴﻜﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﻮﻤﻟﺍ : ﺎﻬﻨﻣﻭ ﺎﻀﻳﺃ
DNA
ﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺮﻔﻄﻠﻟ ﺔﺒﺒﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﻞﻣﺍﻮﻌﻟﺍ ﺾﻌﺑ ﻒﻠﺘﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ
. ﺕﺍﺮﻔﻄﻠﻟ ﺔﺒﺒﺴﻣ ﻞﻣﺍﻮﻋ ﺎﻬﻧﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﺋﺎﻴﻤﻴﻜﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﻮﻤﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺪﻳﺪﻌﻟﺍ ﻒﻨﺻ ﺪﻗﻭ

. ﺎﻬﻠﺤﻣ ﻞﺤﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ ﺎﻬﻧﺃ ﻰﺘﺣ ، ﺕﺍﺪﻴﺗﻮﻴﻠﻛﻮﻴﻨﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻴﺒﺷ ﺔﻴﺋﺎﻴﻤﻴﻛ ﺐﻴﻛﺍﺮﺗ ﻯﺮﺧﺃ ﺔﻴﺋﺎﻴﻤﻴﻛ ﺕﺍﺮﻔﻄﻤﻟﻭ
. ﺔﺤﻴﺤﺼﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﻮﺼﻟﺎﺑ ﻒﻋﺎﻀﺘﻟﺍ ﻊﻴﻄﺘﺴﻳﻻ ،
DNA
ﻰﻟﺍ ﺔﻔﺋﺍﺰﻟﺍ ﺪﻋﺍﻮﻘﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﻞﺧﺪﺗ ﺎﻣﺪﻨﻋﻭ

:::: ﺓﺮﻔﻄﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺒﺳﺃ :::

، ﺔﻴﻠﺨﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻲﺛﺍﺭﻮﻟﺍ ﺐﻴﺗﺮﺘﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺍﺀﺰﺟ ﺢﺒﺼﺗ ، ﺎﻬﺒﻨﺠﺘﺗﻭﺃ ، ﺢﻴﺤﺼﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻟﻵ ﺔﻴﻤﺴﺠﻟﺍ ﺎﻳﻼﺨﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺮﻔﻄﻟﺍ ﺐﻴﺠﺘﺴﺗﻻ ﺎﻣﺪﻨﻋ
¤؛^`^؛¤ّ^_^ّ¤؛

. ﺔﻴﻠﺒﻘﺘﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺓﺪﻳﺪﺠﻟﺍ ﺎﻳﻼﺨﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻢﺛ ﻦﻣﻭ

. ﻲﻟﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻞﻴﺠﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻴﻤﺴﺠﻟﺍ ﺎﻳﻼﺨﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺍﺮﻔﻄﻟﺍ ﻞﻘﺘﻨﺗﻻ
( * )

. ﺔﻴﻠﺨﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕﻼﻜﺸﻣ ﺕﺍﺮﻔﻄﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﺐﺒﺴﺗﻻ ، ﺕﻻﺎﺤﻟﺍ ﺾﻌﺑ ﻲﻓﻭ

( * )

. ﻲﻨﻴﻣﻻﺍ ﺾﻤﺤﻟﺍ ( ﻥﻭﺩﻮﻜﻟﺍ) ﺮﻴﻔﺸﺗ ﺮﻴﻐﺗ ﻢﻟ ﺓﺮﻔﻄﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻭﺃ ، ﺓﺮﻔﻄﻟﺍ ﺙﻭﺪﺣ ﺖﻗﻭ ﺔﻐﻟﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻠﺨﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻞﻤﻌﺘﺴﺗﻻ ﺕﺎﺒﻴﺗﺮﺗ ﻥﻮﻜﺗ ﺪﻘﻓ
( * )

¤؛^`^؛¤ّ^_^ّ¤؛

ﺔﻟﺩﺎﻌﺘﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺮﻔﻄﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺮﻔﻄﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﻞﺜﻣ ﻰﻤﺴﺗﻭ ( * )

▄||l ﺔﻴﺴﻨﺠﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻤﺴﺠﻟﺍ ﺎﻳﻼﺨﻟﺍ ﺓﺮﻔﻃ ▄||l
New Information *****

. ﻥﺎﻃﺮﺴﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺍ ﻱﺩﺆﺗ ﺪﻗ ﺔﻄﺒﻀﻨﻣ ﺮﻴﻏ ﺔﻴﻠﺨﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﻭﺩ ﻞﻌﺠﺗ ﻲﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻤﺴﺠﻟﺍ ﺎﻳﻼﺨﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺍﺮﻔﻄﻟﺍ ﻥﺇ
▓▒░
. ﺓﺮﺛﺄﺘﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻫ ﺔﻳﺪﺴﺠﻟﺍ ﺎﻳﻼﺨﻟﺍ ﺖﻣﺍﺩﺎﻣ ﻲﺤﻟﺍ ﻕﻮﻠﺨﻤﻟﺍ ﺎﻳﻼﺧ ﻞﺧﺍﺩ ﺭﺎﺛﻵﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﻰﻘﺒﺗﻭ
ﺕﺍﺮﻔﻄﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﻞﻘﺘﻨﺗ ، ﺔﻳﺮﺛﺎﻜﺘﻟﺍ ﺎﻳﻼﺨﻟﺍ ﺎﻀﻳﺃ ﻰﻤﺴﺗﻭ ، ﺔﻴﺴﻨﺠﻟﺍ ﺎﻳﻼﺨﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺮﻔﻄﻟﺍ ﺙﺪﺤﺗ ﺎﻣﺪﻨﻋﻭ
▓▒░
ﻪﺋﺎﻨﺑﺃ ﺎﻳﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻴﻠﺧ ﻞﻛ ﻲﻓ ﺪﺟﻮﺘﺳﻭ ، ﻲﺤﻟﺍ ﻕﻮﻠﺨﻤﻟﺍ ﺀﺎﻨﺑﺃ ﻰﻟﺇ
(( ﺭﻮﻴﻄﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺮﻔﻃ ﺾﻌﺒﻟ ﺭﻮﺻ ))
ﺙﻮﺤﺒﻟ ﺮﺒﺘﺨﻣﺰﻴﻤﺘﻟﺍ ﺰﻛﺮﻣ ﻦﻣ ﻱﺩﻮﻌﺳ ﻲﺒﻃ ﻖﻳﺮﻓ ﻞﺻﻮﺗ

●••●

”ﺔﻳﺩﻮﻌﺴﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻨﻴﺠﻟﺍ ﺓﺮﻔﻄﻟﺍ ﺔﺤﻳﺮﺷ“ ﺭﺎﻜﺘﺑﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺰﻳﺰﻌﻟﺍﺪﺒﻋ ﻚﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﻣﺎﺠﺑ ﻲﺒﻄﻟﺍ ﻡﻮﻨﻴﺠﻟﺍ

ﺔﻴﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺒﻄﻟﺍ ﻡﻮﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻠﻛ ﻊﻣ ﻥﻭﺎﻌﺘﺑ
تاﺮﺒﺘﺨﻤﻟﺍ ﻢﻟﺎﻋ ﻲﻓ ﻞﻛﺎﺸﻤﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺮﻴﺜﻛ ﻞﺣ ﻲﻓ ﻢﻬﺴﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺔﺤﻳﺮﺸﻠﻟ ﻊﻗﻮﺘﻤﻟﺍ ﻦﻣﻭ .ﺔﻌﻣﺎﺠﻟﺎﺑ

ﺔﻴﺼﻌﺘﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺽﺍﺮﻣﻷﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺪﻳﺪﻌﻟﺍ ﺺﻴﺨﺸﺗ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ،ﺔﻴﺼﻴﺨﺸﺘﻟا

●••●
ﻢﻟﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺩ ﻦﻣ ﺪﻳﺪﻌﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﺑﺮﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻘﻄﻨﻤﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻜﻠﻤﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳﻮﻴﺤﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺒﻄﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻓﺎﺸﺘﻛﻻﺍ ﻊﻳﺮﺴﺗﻭ ﻝﺎﻌﻓ ﻞﻜﺸﺑ
§
؟
ﻯﺮﺧﺃ ﺔﻴﺣﺎﻧ ﻲﻓ ﺀﻲﻀﺗﻭ ﻻﺇ ﺔﻴﺣﺎﻧ ﻲﻓ ﻢﻠﻈﺗﻻ ﺲﻤﺸﻟﺍﻭ ﻑﻮﺨﻟﺍ ﺍﺫﺎﻤﻟ

§
، RNA ﻰﻟإ DNA ﻦﻣ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﻪﻴﻓ ﻞﻘﺘﻨﺗ ﻱﺬﻟﺍ ﻲﺳﺎﺳﻻﺍ ﺃﺪﺒﻤﻟﺍ ﺪﻳﺪﺤﺗ ﺍﻮﻋﺎﻄﺘﺳﺍﻭ ، DNA ﺉﺰﺟ ﺐﻴﻛﺮﺗ ﺀﺎﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﻒﺸﺘﻛﺍ ﻡ1970 ﻡﺎﻋ ﻝﻮﻠﺤﺑ
. ﻦﻴﺗﻭﺮﺑ ﻰﻟإ RNA ﻦﻣﻭ

. ﺓﺩﺮﻔﻨﻣ ﺕﺎﻨﻴﺠﻟﺍ ﻞﻤﻋ ﻦﻋ ﺮﻴﺜﻜﻟﺍ ﺀﺎﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﻑﺮﻌﻳ ﻢﻟ ﻚﻟﺫ ﻦﻣ ﻢﻏﺮﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋﻭ
, DNA ﺉﺰﺟ ﻲﻓ ﻢﻜﺤﺘﻟﺍ ﻦﻤﻀﺘﺗ ﺔﻴﻨﻘﺗ ﻲﻫﻭ ﺔﻴﺛﺍﺭﻮﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﺪﻨﻬﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻌﺘﺳﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺀﺎﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺃﺪﺑ ﺎﻣﺪﻨﻋ ﻊﺿﻮﻟﺍ ﺮﻴﻐﺗ
. ﺮﺧﺁ ﻲﺣ ﻕﻮﻠﺧ ﻦﻣ DNA ﻱأ ، ﻲﺟﺭﺎﺧ DNA ﺔﻓﺎﺿإ ﺔﻄﺳﺍﻮﺑ ﺔﻴﺤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻗﻮﻠﺨﻤﻟﺍ ﺪﺣﻷ
~● ﺓﺮﻴﺼﻗ ﺔﺣﺍﺮﺘﺳﺍ ~●
~● ﺔﻴﺛﺍﺭﻮﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﺪﻨﻬﻟﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺘﻧ ~●
ﺔﻴﺛﺍﺭﻮﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﺪﻨﻬﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻌﺘﺳﺍ ﻲﻫﻭ- ﺔﻳﻮﻴﺤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻨﻘﺘﻟﺍ ﺖﻠﻌﺟ .:
. ﺮﺧﺁ ﻲﺣ ﻕﻮﻠﺨﻣ ﻦﻣ ﻦﻴﺟ ﺎﻬﻟ ، ﺔﺿﻮﻌﺒﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻗﺮﻳ ﻞﺜﻣ ، ﺓﺩﺪﺤﻣ ﺕﻼﻜﺸﻤﻟ ﻝﻮﻠﺣ ﺩﺎﺠﻳﻻ
.: ﺎﻴﺛﺍﺭﻭ ﺔﻟﺪﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻗﻮﻠﺨﻤﻟﺍ ﻰﻤﺴﺗ
×
ﺔﻳﻮﻴﺤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻨﻘﺘﻟﺍ
×

!~...
ﺔﺑﺎﻐﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻦﺤﻳ ﻞﻈﻳ ﻪﻧﺎﻓ ﻡﺎﻌﻃ ﻦﻣ ﺐﺋﺬﻠﻟ ﺖﻣﺪﻗ ﺎﻤﻬﻣ
!~...
. ﺔﻳﻮﻴﺤﻟﺍ ﺙﺎﺤﺑﻻﺍ ﻞﺟﺃ ﻦﻣ ﺕﺍﺮﺒﺘﺨﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻴﺛﺍﺭﻭ ﺔﻟﺪﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺍﻮﻴﺤﻟﺍ ﻢﻈﻌﻣ ﺎﻴﻟﺎﺣ ﺀﺎﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺞﺘﻨﻳ
***

ﻭ ﺔﻬﻛﺎﻔﻟﺍ ﺔﺑﺎﺑﺫﻭ ﻥﺍﺮﺌﻔﻟﺍ ﻞﻤﻌﺘﺴﺘﻓ
***
ﺎﻬﺘﺠﻟﺎﻌﻤﻟ ﻖﺋﺍﺮﻃ ﺮﻳﻮﻄﺗﻭ ﺽﺍﺮﻣﻻﺍ ﺔﺳﺍﺭﺪﻟ ﻢﻟﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻝﻮﺣ ﺚﺤﺒﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺮﺒﺘﺨﻣ ﻲﻓ ﻊﺳﺍﻭ ﻮﺤﻧ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﻧﺍﻮﻄﺳﻻﺍ ﺓﺩﻭﺪﻟﺍ
:~: ﺎﻴﺛﺍﺭﻭ ﺔﻟﺪﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺍﻮﻴﺤﻟﺍ :~:

، ﺔﻴﺳﻭﺮﻴﻔﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻓﻵﺍﻭ ﺕﺍﺮﺸﺤﻠﻟ ﺔﻣﻭﺎﻘﻣ ﺮﺜﻛﺃ ﻥﻭﻮﻜﺗ ﻲﻜﻟ ﺎﻴﺛﺍﺭﻭ ﺔﻟﺪﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺗﺎﺒﻨﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺪﻳﺪﻌﻟﺍ ﺞﺘﻧﺃ
~!*
, ﺕﺍﺮﺸﺤﻟﺍﻭ ﺏﺎﺸﻋﻻﺍ ﺕﺍﺪﻴﺒﻤﻟ ﺔﻣﻭﺎﻘﻣﻭ
~!*
ﻦﻄﻘﻟﺍﻭ ﺎﻳﻮﺼﻟﺍ ﻝﻮﻓﻭ ﺓﺭﺬﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻨﻣﻭ
●||●||● ●
ﺎﻴﺛﺍﺭﻭ ﺔﻟﺪﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺗﺎﺒﻨﻟﺍ
●||●||● ●

، ﻦﻴﻟﻮﺴﻧﻻﺍ ﺝﺎﺘﻧﺇ
ﺎﻴﺛﺍﺭﻭ ﺔﻟﺪﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﺎﻳﺮﺘﻜﺒﻠﻟ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ
●-[–
، ﻮﻤﻨﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﻮﻣﺮﻫﻭ
–]-●

ﻡﺪﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺮﺜﺧ ﺐﻳﺬﺗ ﺩﺍﻮﻣﻭ
◘◘◘
ﺎﻴﺛﺍﺭﻭ ﺔﻟﺪﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﺎﻳﺮﺘﻜﺒﻟﺍ
◘◘◘






•∫∫ ﺮﺒﺼﻟﺎﺑ ﻦﻜﻟﻭ ﺓﻮﻘﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻤﻴﻈﻌﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﻻﺍ ﻢﺘﺗﻻ •∫∫

~●~
ﻱﺮﺸﺒﻟﺍ
ﻡﻮﻨﻴﺠﻟﺍ
ﻉﻭﺮﺸﻣ
~●~
. ﻡ2003 ﻡﺎﻋ ﻩﺬﻴﻔﻨﺗ ﻢﺗ ﻲﻤﻟﺎﻋ ﻉﻭﺮﺸﻣ ﻱﺮﺸﺒﻟﺍ ( ﻲﻨﻴﺠﻟﺍ ﻯﻮﺘﺤﻤﻟﺍ) ﻡﻮﻨﻴﺟ ﻉﻭﺮﺸﻣ ▒
. ﺔﻴﻠﺨﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻠﻣﺎﻜﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺛﺍﺭﻮﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﻮﻫ ﻡﻮﻨﻴﺠﻟﺍﻭ
▒ ﻱﺮﺸﺒﻟﺍ DNA ﻞﻜﺸﺗ ﺎﺒﻳﺮﻘﺗ ﺪﻴﺗﻮﻴﻠﻛﻮﻴﻧ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻴﻠﻣ ﺔﺛﻼﺛ ﺐﻴﺗﺮﺗﻭ ﻞﺴﻠﺴﺗ ﺪﻳﺪﺤﺗ ﻮﻫ ﻉﻭﺮﺸﻤﻟﺍ ﺍﺬﻫ ﻑﺪﻫﻭ
௮ஹண
▀▫▄
ﻒﻠﺨﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ًﺎﻋﺮﺴﻣ ﻰﺸﻤﺗ ﻥﺇ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻡﺎﻣﻻﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺀﻂﺒﺑ ﻰﺸﻤﺗ ﻥﺇ ﻞﻀﻓﻷﺍ ﻦﻣ
▀▫▄
௮ஹண
::::
ﺕﺎﺒﻟﺎﻄﻟﺍ ﻞﻤﻋ
::::
▄▫▀ ﻮﺷﻮﺷ ﺀﺍﺮﺳﺇ ▄▫▀
▄▫▀ ﻲﻧﺎﻤﻴﻟﺍ ﻲﻧﺎﻣﺃ ▄▫▀
▄▫▀ ﻲﺷﻭﺮﺠﻟﺍ ﺪﻏﺭ ▄▫▀

.. ﺔــﻤﻘﻟﺍ ﻝﻮـﺻﻭ ﻲﻓ ﺖــﺴﻴﻟ ﺔﺑﻮــﻌﺼﻟﺍ
.... ﺎــﻬﻴﻠﻋ ﺀﺎﻘﺒﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺑﻮــﻌﺼﻟﺍ ﻦﻜﻟﻭ
** The
end
of the
adventure
in the
jungle
**
[[
stop we on the top
]]
▄▫▀ ﻲﺴﻨﻣ ﻱﺪﻏ ▄▫▀
: ﺔﻤﻠﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻡﺪﻘﻣ ▄▫▀
▄▫▀ ﻱﺭﺎﺒﻴﻠﻣ ﻡﺎﺴﺘﺑﺍ
▄▫▀ ﻥﺎﻤﻴﻠﺳ ﺎﺑ ﺩﻮﻬﻋ ▄▫▀
*___*
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