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Poverty in South Africa
Transcript of Poverty in South Africa
Xolani Matshikiza Poverty in South Africa - How can it be addressed? The following presentation will aim to address various issues relating to poverty in South Africa. It will attempt to uncover the underlying causes of the poverty and suggest solutions to the issues and underlying causes. Introduction The following are some statistics that highlight the severity of the problem in the nation. Statistics Pie Chart representing the poverty percentages across South Africa Comparison of levels of education as a percentage of the population Eighteen years after the end of apartheid, South Africa is now judged to be one of the most unequal societies in the world and its 19 million children bear the brunt of the disconnect. The Unicef report found that 1.4 million children live in homes that rely on often dirty streams for drinking water, 1.5 million have no flushing lavatories and 1.7 million live in shacks, with no proper bedding, cooking or washing facilities. Four in 10 live in homes where no one is employed and, in cases of dire poverty, the figure rises to seven in 10. A total of 330,000 children - and five million adults - are currently infected with HIV, and 40 per cent die from the pandemic annually. Poor governance can be attributed to the lack of basic services provided to the poorer communities.
Often political ministers and heads of provinces, lace their pockets while millions of poor people suffer with no basic services.
Lack of infrastructure in the country such as:
Urban Development Underlying Issues - Governance The rise of many diseases such as HIV/AIDS can be attributed to the high poverty rate in South Africa
The lack of skilled doctors, physicians and support staff add to the problem as sick people often have no access to medical facilities.
Other diseases such as Tuberculosis (TB), Malaria and various Cancers are also very prevalent in modern South Africa Underlying Issues - Disease In 1999 Gro Brundtland, Director General of the WHO, stated “It has long been recognized that poverty is a major risk factor for death, disease and disability. Illness and disabilities among the poor lead to a vicious circle of marginalization, to falling into or remaining in poverty. But the other side of the coin – that improved health status can prevent poverty and offer a route out of poverty has been given much less attention. The evidence shows that better health translates into greater, and more equitably distributed, wealth by building physical and social capital and increasing productivity.” (Brundtland, 1999). Underlying Issues - Crime Crime is a major issue surrounding South Africa. Violent crimes such as rape and murder have become a major issue in the country.
Crime may be considered both an underlying cause as well as a product since: poverty occurs due to violent crimes, however violent crimes and robbery occur due to poverty. This causes a cyclic effect.
Crime also vastly damages the South African economy as it drives away foreign investors and tourists. Develop and improve schools
Create training opportunities
Offer business training and technical assistance Solutions to Poverty in South Africa Even if we could invest billions of dollars into factories and training, there are no new markets for the products - we can't assume that all the newly-employed workers will go out with their first paychecks and perfectly feed the system. Recommendations on
issues of Poverty in South Africa We've all studied the economic pyramid, and can clearly see that there's not enough space near the top of the pyramid for all the workers. Even if there was some way to pay every unskilled worker a middle-class salary, those people would still be sweeping the streets and cleaning the sewers - not commanding their own companies. They need a chance to make something for themselves. Underlying Issues - Education Clear and well-crafted strategies that pay attention to poverty reduction and the education system in particular would be advised if leaders are to make promises a reality. Another problem is that we've been trying to use the resources of the minority to empower the majority - through informal community development projects - but that approach is immediately defeated by sheer scale. We have to reach a point of sustainability and maintain the value of our resources. The problem really is that we've been trying to use the resources of the minority to empower the majority - through informal community development projects - but that approach is immediately defeated by sheer scale. The Government needs to find a way to empower the poor, not by redistributing wealth but by creating it afresh. Government must offer all workers a realistic chance to become entrepreneurs or something bigger than an entry-level grunt Lack of education is one of the underlying causes of poverty in South Africa, according to article 2 of the legislation, everyone has a right to education. The problem with capitalism is a lack of money, so remove that lack. Not by printing more money, but rather by linking the financial supply directly to the supply capacity. This lack of education leads to an increase in unemployment rates, which in turn results in a high number of people to suffer from poverty Increase employment.
There is need to build markets for new jobs and services to the people. Recruit more skilled people, support staff and physicians to tackle this issue of poverty Thank you
Questions? Government Input on Poverty Anti-Poverty Programmes were formed and were made a top priority for all departments –social, economic and environmental. A UN body called UNDP South Africa, was formed with only one purpose which is to fight poverty A policy that in every business venture there should be an equal number of people of different races, was introduced to limit the impact of racial discrimination on Poverty.