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Flamenco

a cultural phenomenon
by

Fabiola Keane

on 29 January 2013

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Transcript of Flamenco

It Touches Your Soul Flamenco The guitar provides the main component with Palmas (Clapping), as the background rhythm. If the guitar is not present; then Comprás is rendered through Palmas or a Golpe (which encompasses knuckle rapping or hitting the floor with a stick). Flamenco has many different styles, the most common being Classical Flamenco. There is also Flamenco Puro (usually performed solo), Flamenco Nuevo ( modern style). Sources www.youtube.com/watch?v=XNhfV_53W7A Historía (History) Baile (Dance) Traje de Flamenca (Flamenco Outfit) La Música (The Music) Flamenco is characterized by its emotional intensity, proud carriage and rhythmic stamping of the feet. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flamenco http://www.andalucia.com/flamenco/history.htm There are 3 main components of flamenco: Which incorporates stylized movements with intricate footwork. Toque (Guitar) Can be broken down into three main categories, Cante Gitano (Gypsy Songs), Cante Jondo (Deep Songs), and Cante Andaluz (Andalucian Songs). Compás (Rhythm) is the glue that holds all of this together, without Comprás there is no Flamenco. The guitar has a close relationship with the dancer, the melody or song begins and the dancer responds. They work together to convey the Duende (Soul) of this art form. The elaborate footwork and distinctive arm movements are delivered with precision and control. The hair is customarily worn up, adorned with a rose or ornate comb. The props used to tell the story are comprised of castanets, fans and long fringed shawls. This figure flattering outfit is worn by female performers of the Flamenco dance. The long dress skims the ankles, with ruffles falling from the sleeves and hem. The traditional colours include red and black, or a pattern of white polka dots. Fashion has a strong influence; trends include raised hemlines to the knee in the 60's, dropping back to the ankles in the late 70s. Some say the outfits originated with the Roma (Gypsies) but is now accepted as quintessentially Andalusian http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glossary_of_flamenco_terms El Mundo (The World) Cante (Song) Baile (Dance) Unique melodies, strumming patterns and percussive finger tapping is used to create an improvisational music form. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flamenco_guitar http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Traje_de_flamenca She's consumed by the dance, ready to burst out of her body. http://gypsyrumor.com/blog/a-brief-history-of-flamenco/ Jerez de la Frontera is said to be the birthplace of Flamenco. It quickly gained roots in several Andalusian towns, such as Sevilla and Grenada. In 1492 King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain, issued a decree that anyone residing in their realm convert to Catholicism. The Moors, Jews and Gypsies were forced to convert or face prosecution and punishment. You could be expelled from Spain or simply put to death. These ethnic groups came together to support each other and with fusion of cultures, Flamenco was born. Flamenco became their collective expression of anguish and protest against oppression. There were many changes in Flamenco in the 18th and 19th centuries. Non-Gypsies (Payos) started to perform and a variety of styles developed. Flamenco tends to occur in four settings; in the Juerga (a casual, spontaneous meeting), at a Tablaos (a type of small-scale cabaret), at concerts, and in the theater. Though born in Spain, Flamenco has spread to many parts of the world. There are more academies in Japan than Spain! Jerez de la Frontera hosts an annual Flamenco festival that attracts visitors and aficionados from all corners of the globe. On November 16, 2010 UNESCO declared flamenco one of the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.
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