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Research Questions, Sources, and Annotated Bibliographies

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Anna Kinder

on 4 December 2015

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Transcript of Research Questions, Sources, and Annotated Bibliographies

a guide to research questions,
finding effective sources, and
annotated bibliographies

Essay Helps
Research Questions
STEPS to writing effective
research questions:
Examples: Clarity
The "W" on your KWL chart
Choose an interesting topic.
Do preliminary research on your topic to see what kind of information is already out there.
Consider your audience and the task at hand.
Start asking several questions. In regards to research questions, HOW and WHY questions are typically best.
Evaluate these questions and choose the best question that will yield the best results.
Unclear question (what NOT to do):
Why are social networking sites harmful?

Clear questions (what to do): How can social networking sites such as Twitter better monitor and shut down terrorist accounts, such as ISIS?

What types of content SHOULD be censored and taken down from social networking sites? What should be allowed?

What can be done to prevent cyber-bullying on social networking sites? Is it a school's responsibility to punish cyber-bullies if the bullying takes place off-campus?

What IS a research question?
A research question is a CLEAR, FOCUSED, CONCISE, COMPLEX, and ARGUABLE question
around which you center your research.
You should ask a question about an aspect of an issue you are genuinely curious about.
Examples: Focus

Unfocused: What is the effect on the environment from global warming?

Focused: How is glacial melting affecting penguins in Antarctica?
Examples: Complexity
Too simple: How are doctors addressing diabetes in the US?

Appropriately complex: What are common traits of those suffering from diabetes, and how can these commonalities be used to aid the medical community in prevention of the disease?
Sources: Good vs. Bad
6 factors to consider:
Let's Practice:
Good or Bad?
The public library's online research databases
Google Scholar
American Psychology Association
.edu and .gov sites
.org sites
.com or .net sites
What to do next: the annotated bibliography
Annotated bibliographies are tools you can use to help you evaluate your sources, and they help you cite them as you go. Once you are finished with your annotated bibliography, your works cited page is complete.
Components of an annotated bibliography:
1. THE CITATION: each source must be cited
differently according to its genre. For example, newspaper articles are cited differently from encyclopedias.
Citations are easier than they have ever been.
You can now go to websites where you simply plug in the information, and they will cite it for you.
Sample site:
2. The ANNOTATION: Step by Step
A. Summarize the source: 2-3 sentences describing what it says.

B. Assess/evaluate the source: 2-3 sentences describing its quality and usefulness for your paper.
Annotated bibliographies are due:
Tuesday, 12/8 by 11:59 p.m. via Edmodo (25 points)

Outlines (25 points) and FIRST DRAFTS of persuasive essays are due Wednesday, 12/16, by 11:59 p.m. (50 points). I will provide feedback over the break, and...

FINAL drafts will be due by 11:59 p.m. on Sunday, 1/10 (100 points)

A note about computer/internet access:
It's sort of like your thesis statement rephrased as a question.
I have reserved the media center for half of today and Monday-Thursday (7th-10th) of next week**

**This may not be enough time to finish your entire essay. If you don't have computer access at home, you need to speak with me and I can stay after school with you in the media center any day next week.

3. Publisher— who published or sponsored this work? Are they reputable? Why?
GOOD Sources:
2. Accuracy— can the information be verified in other respected sources? FACT CHECKING IS SO IMPORTANT. Snopes.com is a great site for fact checking.
4. Currency— is the information’s publishing date current enough for the topic of the research paper? For subject areas that change frequently, like medicine, politics or finance, use the most up-to-date information.
6. Bias — Does the author or publisher express an opinion (example: newspaper editorial) or is the information factual (like statistics)? Does this bias affect the information’s accuracy at all?
What are your biases? The
isidewith.com quiz you took
yesterday hopefully revealed
some of them to you! It's
important to keep them in check
as you do your research and write
your essay. Don't seek out
information that simply supports
what you already think-- seek out scholarly information on both sides, with an open mind, and then decide for yourself. It's okay to change your mind-- you're young!
Biases are like armpits.
Everyone has them, and they all STINK.
5. Audience— who is the information written for — a specific readership, level of expertise or age/grade level? Is the audience focus appropriate for a research paper?
If these hooligans can understand it, DON'T USE IT!!! ^^^^^
1. Credentials: What about credentials? Who is the author (or authors)? Are qualifications or degrees listed?
Don't believe everything you read on the internet! It could be written by a fifty-year-old man with hot Cheeto dust all over his fingers who still lives in his mom's basement, plays video games all day, and writes a fan fiction blog for fun.
**Just because someone may CLAIM to be an expert doesn't mean that they ARE. "Expert" is about as vague as labeling certain foods as "natural." It doesn't actually mean anything, but it sounds good.
1. Credentials
2. Accuracy
3. Publisher

4. Currency
5. Audience
6. Bias
Wordpress blog
Jaden Smith's
Be wary of .org sites-- many are great, but many have a specific agenda, which can make them biased.
DUE: tonight via Edmodo by 11:59
Full transcript