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Man's Role In Ancient Egypt

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by

Adam Younis

on 21 January 2015

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Transcript of Man's Role In Ancient Egypt

Protecting the Home
Ancient hieroglyphic texts on papyrus or temple walls have supplied many clues about ancient Egyptian life; those concerning family customs suggest that the husband was expected to treat his wife with respect while maintaining firm control and protecting his entire household. This is one of the main aspects in mans role in the society at that point and time.
Religious Work
Throughout most periods in ancient Egyptian history, men were in charge of temples and temple administration, though women periodically served in some religious offices. In the New Kingdom, which lasted from roughly 1570-1070 B.C. and followed a period of foreign rule, women were once again, and permanently, excluded from the priesthood.


Male Artists
Very little ancient Egyptian text and art represents daily life, rather it strives to portray an ideal. Most art was created by male artists and commissioned by the male main classes so the higher rankings. Although there are exceptions -- e.g., Hatshepsut crowned herself pharaoh from 1472-1458 B.C. and commissioned several works -- art was still primarily a masculine pursuit.
Family Care
When older members of the family needed extra care, that duty often fell to the family's eldest son, especially when he maintained his own home. The same would apply to widowed or unwed sisters. So entirely that man took care of the elders in need of care.
Thank you!
What was man's role in Ancient Egypt?
The roles of men in ancient Egypt were to inherit their fathers job, help provide for their families and take care of their parents at old age. Traditional gender roles were not common of ancient Egyptian culture. Male roles were much less powerful than in other societies of the time, or even in many modern ones.
Both men and women could work in ancient Egypt. Workers earned the same wage regardless of sex. As well, both men and women were equally entitled to inheritance and were viewed as equal partners in marriage. Each person retained ownership of whatever property he or she brought into the marriage, and anything acquired after marriage was jointly owned. Divorce was not a cultural sin and could be committed by either party. Both men and women were also free to re-marry after divorcing. In fact, the only real primary difference of males from females in ancient Egyptian society was that males were expected to establish themselves before seeking a wife. Egyptian males seldom chose their own careers. Instead, it was customary for a male to assume his father's job when he was of working age. This custom applied to both free men and slaves.
Notes
The people of Egypt really
valued family life
. They
cherished children
and thought they were a
great blessing.
Man's Role In Ancient Egypt
How men affected Ancient Egypt.
Gender Inequality in Politics
Men held the majority of political offices and roles in the public sphere. They were so valued over women that female rulers like Hatshepsut often depicted themselves as men in art, or even in person, by wearing fake beards.Men ruled the political system.

The ancient Egyptians viewed men and women, including people from all social classes except slaves,
as essentially

equal under the law
, and even the lowliest peasant.

Both men and women
had the
right to own and sell property
,
make contracts
,
marry and divorce
,
receive inheritance
, and
pursue legal disputes in court.
Egyptian
women did not take part in official roles in the administration
, served
only secondary roles
in the temples, and were
not as likely to be as educated as men
.
Wealthy men worked either in business or government.
Men from the
lower class spent their days with their wives working in the fields
, preparing food and/or making clothes and working as slaves for the rich.
Citations
http://www.eyelid.co.uk/
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/egyptians/
http://www.reshafim.org.il/ad/egypt/people/couples.htm
http://fathom.lib.uchicago.edu/2/21701778/
http://aqsaarielleprojects.blogspot.ca/
https://www.utexas.edu/courses/denbow/labs/egypt2.htm
Full transcript