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Education of the Elizabethan Era
Transcript of Education of the Elizabethan Era
During the year of 1580, 16% of women could sign their names.
The poor, including peasants/farmers, dropped out of school early (usually at the end of petty school) to help with the work at home.
Poor children were typically taught by their parents.
Before the ascension of Elizabeth I to the thrown, England's educational foundation was disorganized and undesirable. As a result, the economy suffered.
Work was far more emphasized for the poor.
Most students who were accepted into universities did not obtain a degree.
Private tutors only taught the wealthy as they were very expensive.
Universities were the final stage of education. There were two main Universities at the time: Oxford and Cambridge. There was an additional law school known as the Inns of Court.
From suffering to thriving
Education of the Elizabethan Era
Elizabeth I of England
School days began at 6:00/7:00 a.m. and ended around 5:00 p.m.
rooms were noisy and dirty
teachers often had a poor education
children were between the ages of 5 and 6.
The Hornbook was the first stage of learning material, first introduced during petty school.
Structure: wooden frame with a sheet of transparent horn. An additional instruction sheet was attached.
Educational material: The Lord's Prayer, alphabet, psalms, a catechism, and Bible verses.
The Alphabet Organization
The alphabet included in the hornbook had a somewhat complex organization. The alphabet began with the first row/cross row and continued with the lower case and upper case alphabet as well as syllables
There were three main levels of learning material:
The Asbey-book was the second level of learning material.
Structure: A pamphlet.
Material: An alphabet, a catechism, short prayers of grace, and moral epigrams otherwise known as short poems.
The Primer was the third and final stage of learning material.
Structure: The structure of the Primer was essentially a short book.
Material: Prayers, psalms, a calendar for Easter, an almanac, and additional religious material.
The second stage of education was grammar school which had even longer and harder days than petty school. Teachers were abusive towards trouble makers or those who were slow at learning.
The curriculum consisted of perfecting writing skills, reading, writing, translating, letter writing, arts, and Latin studies.
Class rooms were filled with 100-150 boys.
Students began grammar school at age 7.
The wealthy predominately attended because of the expensive cost of attending grammar school.
The poor were given opportunities through scholarships.
Grammar schools were split up into upper and lower classes.
Upper classes were taught by masters.
Lower classes were taught by ushers.
Studied famous philosophers and poets such as Cato, Ovid, Cicero, Virgil, and Seneca.
Grammar School Schedule
School begins at 6:00 a.m.
15 minute break at 9:00 a.m.
9:15-11:00 a.m. education is continued.
11:00 a.m. lunch/rest break for 1 hour
12:00 p.m.-5:30 p.m. education continued.
The average university curriculum included art, astronomy, logic, music, medicine, arithmetic, philosophy, rhetoric, poetry, natural history, religion, medicine, and law.
Only wealthy boys attended universities who were over the age of 14. No girls were permitted to attend.
4 years are required to earn a bachelor's.
3 years for a master's.
7-12 years to earn a doctorate in medicine or law.
In conclusion, life prior to the Elizabethan Era was uncomfortable and unsuccessful, especially with its education. When Elizabeth I assumed the position of the Queen of England, she was able to transform England's educational system into an organized system with the ability to improve the education of England's population drastically with petty schools, grammar schools, and universities. England's educational odyssey shows how without educational organization, a society is destined to be plagued by economical failure and poverty.
Petty school was the first stage of education that nearly everyone attended. Petty school was long and rigorous with the basic curriculum of reading, writing, and some arithmetic.
All types of people attended petty school including the poor, wealthy, and both boys and girls. The wealthy were able to further their education through additional private tutors.