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Copy of Practical Individual Sports
Transcript of Copy of Practical Individual Sports
Assignment 1: Know the skills, techniques and tactics required in selected individual sports and apply the rules and regulations
Forehand Low Serve: When performing a low serve the tactic of this is to see what the opponents strengths and weaknesses are. Such as if the opposition is not good a net play- this is the opposition is unable to respond quick enough when the shots are close to the net. This would be an advantage for the performer. An example of when you would use a low serve is once you have noticed the your opponent is weak of the net play or when you have played a lot of high serves and you would like to mix it up a bit.
Forehand Smash Shot - When performing a smash shot the tactic of this is when the opponent has performed a high shot, that i am able to strike the shuttlecock down and it would be forceful. As a result of this my opponent could find it hard to return the shot. This would be an advantage to me. An example of when you would use a smash shot is when the opponent is near the back of court as he/she is unable to react quickly to the shot.
Low serve: when performing a forehand low serve. You would need to start by standing roughly 2/3 feet away from the short service line. Your body would be relaxed and your knees would be slightly bent. You would have your non-racket leg in front and the racket leg slightly behind. Once you have covered this you would bring the racket towards your waist level and you would start your forward swing from this point. You would hold the shuttlecock by the feather and you would have it close to racket (usually you would be dropping it slightly in front of you, so you could swing and hit the shuttlecock.) You would make contact with the shuttlecock at the highest point possible, however it would be below the waist line. You would slightly push with the racket and the shuttlecock should just be slightly higher than the net (also knows as skimming the net.)
Forehand Low Serve: This is when you serve the shuttlecock rather low (hence the name) as a result of this the shuttlecock would only just go over the net and it usually receives into the oppositions area just in front the of the service line.
Forehand Smash Shot: This is a shot you perform to gain advantage especially if the opponent has performed a weak shot.
Badminton Rules and Regulations
There are many rules in badminton however I have only chosen 3 to talk about :
1) When playing badminton you are only allowed to hit the shuttlecock once, if you hit the shuttlecock more than once it is an automatic point to the opposition.
2) When you are playing and the score is 20-20, to win the set you have to be 2 points ahead. This continues throughout, an example: 24-24, you would still need 2 points ahead.
3) When you are performing it has to go diagonally, such as when you first start you would have start at the right service line. When the score is odd it should always be played on the left hand side of the service line and when the score is even it would have to be played on the right hand side. If the serve doesn't go diagonally it would be a point to the opposition.
- serves must always go diagonally
Table Tennis Skills
Forehand Drive: This shot would be used when your opponent plays a shot that has the height. You would play the shot as it could slightly be aggressive, as this would stop the opponent from performing a attacking stroke.
Backhand Push: This shot would be used when your opponents when your opponents forces a fast shot, this would be a defensive shot or when you notice an open area and you do a backhand push, this would push the opponent onto their back foot, which should cause them to hit the net in their next shot.
Table Tennis Techniques
Forehand Drive: when performing a forehand drive you would start by standing sideways towards the line of play. You would also be standing close to the table. You would keep the racket upper arm close to your body. When you strike the ball your arm should move forward and upwards in the direction of travel. However your free arm would be pointing towards the ball, this would assist your body to turn to the shot and enhances your balance. When performing the shot, the upper body is usually rotates about 45 degrees to the right, you would then turn to face the ball. Your body weight would change from your right foot to your left foot. The placement of hitting the ball would be when the ball is at its highest point of the bounce.
Table Tennis Tactics
Table Tennis Rules and Regulations
- When playing and the score end on 10-10 you must be 2 points ahead. This is to make the game far towards both of the competitors.
- You are not allowed to put your free hand on the table at all, this is because you could move the table or have an unfair advantage by leaning on the table to hit the ball.
- You are only allowed to hit the ball once in table tennis, if it has occurred that you have hit the ball more than once then a point would automatically be given to the opponent.
Forehand Smash Shot: when performing a smash, you would need to prepare yourself by having the forehand grip ready for use. Your body should be sideways to the net and the non-racket shoulder should be facing it. You will put all of the weight to rear foot. You will also bend your elbow and have you wrist to prepare for the swing forward. You would start by raising the non-racket hand and you would point at the shuttlecock as this would improve your timing and balance for the shot. When you perform a smash shot you would want to hit the shuttlecock at the highest point possible as this would give you the power, especially if you jump. You will need to perform a strong throwing action forward, you would straighten the elbow when hitting the shuttlecock. Your wrist would snap down once the point of impact has happened, this is what also gives power and the angle for the shot. You would follow through with the racket and you would shift your body weight from the rear foot to the front foot- as well as moving back to a base position.
Badminton Rules and Regulations
There are many regulations in badminton however I have only chosen three:
- The size of the court is a regulation as it must always be the size within the regulation which are the following: 13.40m long and 5.10m wide.
- The shuttlecock must have 16 feathers, as these are also in the regulations and would also cause unfair play.
- The height of the net must be 1.524m in the center of the court. This is essential as it is a regulations.
Table Tennis Techniques
Backhand Push: When performing a backhand push your feet starting position would be slightly wider than shoulder width apart. Knees should be slightly bent and the body should be slightly leaning forward, this would make your body have a lower center of gravity which would be an advantage when making shots. Both of your arm should be out in front you and the bat hand should be bent 90 degrees at the elbow. You must also stand close to the table, however arms length away. Your body weight should also be distributed on the balls of feet, this would help when moving.
When performing the back swing, you must bring the bat backwards and towards your chest. You will create a slight angle of the bat and you should also keep the wrist straight. The angle of the elbow will become more closer due to the movement.
The strike of the ball should be played directly in front of the body. The arms should move forwards to meet the ball. The movement will be produced from the elbow. The bat angle that i have previously mentioned would be open throughout the shot. You will take the shot when the ball gets to the highest point. Once you have performed this shot, you will follow through forwards, the bat finishing point would be pointing where you have just hit the ball. You should not let your arm swing across fully your body as this could be a vital mistake towards the performance. Finally once you have performed this shot, you must get make into the ready position for the next shot.
Forehand Drive: When performing a forehand drive the tactics of this is to gain advantage and to be able to put the opponent on pressure by the forehand drive, as it would be close to the end of the table. It would be hard for the opponent to recover from the shot.
Backhand Push: when performing a backhand push the tactics of this is to gain an advantage and to be able to push the opponent back from the table. As a result of this you are able to drive the next shot to score a point.
- The size of the table must be the 2.74m long and 1.525m wide- this is for all table tennis tables they must be this criteria , otherwise players would not be able to play on the table as it could be an unfair advantage.
- the height of net must be 15.25cm, if the net is any taller/shorter it would be a disadvantage in the match. As they could be used to the table that is the criteria.
- the weight of the ball must be the same of course because people are used to the legal requirement which 2.7g, if an opponent has been using a different ball that is underweight they would disqualified and it would also be unfair for the opponents.