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Transcript of Classical Music
The Classical Orchestra:
The orchestra, which had been relatively small in the Baroque Period, was now much bigger.
What's more, composers began to make more use of brass instruments such as French Horn and Trumpet.
Woodwind instrument such as Flutes, Oboes, Bassoons and Clarinets became increasingly popular throughout the classical period and was fully fledged section towards the end of the Classical Period.
More percussion instruments such as the Timpani were used, but this section was still relatively small.
The Symphony was a new type of composition which was developed during the Classical Period.
It was a large scale piece for an orchestra which involved all of the orchestra playing together (tutti)
There wasn't much independant movement within the parts and so symphonies are usually described as having a homophonic texture.
Understanding Music -
The Classical Period
1750 - 1810 approx
With your shoulder partner, discuss what comes to mind when you think of the term '
When we think of classical music, we think of it as a genre, ie "My mum likes classical music but I like Rock."
In the study of music though, it has a much more precise meaning
It refers a certain style period, and that is what we're going to look at today...
To gain a basic understanding of the of the Classical Period (1750-1810)
To explore different features (concepts) present in Classical Music
To look at some of the composers of this period.
What do you notice about the size of the orchestra?
What types of instruments are playing
Let's set the scene:
Music in the
was not as
sounding as that in the
, and it had a more
Compare these two images:
There was lot's of
the instrument of choice
The Main composers were
In this next clip, listen out for
, a common feature in Classical music.
Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809)
Haydn's Symphony No. 1 in D "the Clock" - 2nd Movement, Andante
Daddy of them all...
Often described as the 'Father of Symphony, Austrian born Franz Joseph Haydn was one of the first composers to write symphonies
Because music was the only form of income for many composers of the Classical Period, they constantly had to produce new works.
Haydn for example wrote a staggering 106 symphonies!
was another type of composition which became increasingly
It usually consisted of
, a concerto features a
by the orchestra
Can you handle a little extra?
Sometimes in a
, there is a section where the
thier talent by playing a
, the rest of the orchestra
This allows the
a lot more
and they can
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791)
"I pay no attention whatever to anybody's praise or blame, I simply follow my heart...
W. A. Mozart
Probably one of the world's most famous composers,
was born in
His father, Leopold Mozart, was a well respected musician at the time and eagerly encouraged his son to play music from an early age
He is often described as a
, and wrote his first piece of music at the
age of four
He wrote many
, and is particularly famous for his use of the
(a new instrument at the time)
What is the left hand doing?
Listen to the excerpt of a piano concerto and choose which stave best describes the music in the left hand
and one of the most sure fire ways of identifying a
played by the
outlining harmonies whilst the right hand plays the melody.
What have we got so far?
The orchestra was bigger and contained more brass and woodwind.
A new type of composition called a 'Symphony' was pioneered by Haydn
Music in the Classical Period was less 'busy' sounding than Baroque, and has lots of imitation and repetition
Symphony - A piece of music for an orchestra, usually of a Homophonic texture with lots of imitation and repetion
Concerto - A large scale work like a symphony, but with a solo instrument ie clarinet, which is accompanied by the orchestra. Usually of a Homophonic texture
Cadenza - a section in a concerto where the soloist can show off thier talent by playing without the orchestra accompanying
Alberti Bass - Broken chords played by the left hand outlining harmonies whilst the right hand plays the melody.
We have gained an understanding of music in the Classical Era
We are able to identify concepts common to this period: Symphony, Concerto, Cadenza and Alberti Bass
We can name the main composers of this period
Exam Style Question:
Haydn's Trumpet Concerto in E Flat
Haydn excerpt with cross rhythms
A ................. is a large scale work for orchestra, and it usually consists of ........ movements. It first appeared in the early............. period. This period spans from 1750 to ...............
What else can you tell me about the music in this period?
Today we will:
our knowledge of different
found in the
We will know we have been succesfull when
in an extract of
Let's have a listen:
While you're listening, think about the following points:
How is this different from a
What is the
of this excerpt? What's the
of this insturment in this period?
What is the
of the excerpt
of the ones we find in the
Even through there are two
in a concerto, the
in the classical period, writing a staggering
29 for piano
four for French horn
six for violin
two for flute
and others for various combinations of instruments.
was a bit of a beast at them too.
So is that all?
were usually written for
- instrumentalists who were
. Many composers, such as
would write concertos for thier
left to the soloist to
, however, towards the end of the Classical Period,
write them in
The soloist usually plays a
, and to
come back in
SymphAYE or SymphonNAY?
Bonus: What is the time signature?
Show me using your hands
SymphAYE or SymphonNAY?
Justify your answer?
SymphAYE or SymphonNAY?
I am able to
a concerto in relation to the
I am able to identify a
in relation to the
both of these features in a piece of