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Impacts of Colonialism and Neo-Colonialism

World Issues: ISU
by

Jaycee Gancena

on 21 January 2013

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Transcript of Impacts of Colonialism and Neo-Colonialism

Britain France Why Colonize Africa? European countries such as Britain, France, Spain, Belgium, Italy, Germany and Portugal wanted to colonize Africa for economical, political and social gain against their competing colonies.

Africa is also enriched with raw materials in which these empires had a faster and more efficient destination to collect these raw materials. What is colonialism and neocolonialism? Colonialism: The domination of a dependent country which involves one country to become submissive to another.

Neocolonialism: The indirect continuation of economical, political and social domination, influenced by colonialism after a country has gained formal independence from colonialism. The Impacts of Colonialism and Neocolonialism By: Jaycee Gancena The differences between colonialism and neocolonialism Began in Europe in the late nineteenth century to the Industrial Revolution
Motives are for economical, political and social means
Direct government, economical and social control over another nation Colonialism Neocolonialism Began after colonialism (Industrial Revolution to the mid twentieth century )
A form of indirect colonialism that developed after WWII based on economic dominance rather than political dominance
Focuses only on economical gain by multinational corporations such as the IMF and World Bank Cote D'Ivoire •Land tenure practices were destroyed
•Local citizens were forced off large plantations and farmers were to do cheap labour
•These large plantations usually consists of vast amounts of natural resources of which was cultivated in that country
•Colonialism directly imposed a negative environmental impact on countries that last even after independence Environmental Impacts of Colonialism •Colonial political systems imposed foreign/traditional-governing systems of their colonies (ex. Canadian government vs. Aboriginal groups)
•Some of these army men that belonged to the colonial power continued to practice colonialism against their own people whether elected or not (ex. Rwandan Genocide)
•Transportation infrastructures were built for commercial needs rather than needs to satisfy the local people. These were used to support trade and shipping of imported and exported goods Political Impacts of Colonialism Delays manufacturing growth on colonized country
Colonizing powers often empowered/trained local citizens to join the army because there were not enough people from their own country for their military
Self-sufficient locals became dependent of imported goods
Colonizing countries created nations that neglected tribal and cultural boundaries
Languages of the colonizing nations were forced upon the colonized countries
which in result created a common form of communication which would eventually
become the official language of the new country
The empowering colonies introduced their culture to the colonized countries
which resulted in different standards of living, and traditions
Restricted access of practices that would advance production that may help the country prosper Social/Cultural Impacts of Colonialism and Neocolonialism Use social, political, economical pressure to control another country
Economic exploitation of the colonized countries causing unsustainable development and continued underdevelopment
Imperialist and capitalist practices Egypt Belgian Congo Belgium Spain Rio de Oro Germany Portugal Italy Libya Angola Cameroon Environmental Impact of Neocolonialism Political Impact of Neocolonialism The economy of these countries are dependent on foreign markets and trade agreements with multinational corporations
Dependence on foreign markets result in unsustainable development of these countries and continued growth of underdevelopment
Some countries in Africa are willing to make deals with direct or public-private companies to provide them with clean water

Exploitation of the land for the use of cash crops
International investors owning thousands of acres of land for the use of trade
If neocolonialism continues, the exploitation of the land will eventually deplete the nation's natural resources completely, leaving the citizens of the country with nothing

Possible Solutions to this problem It is highly unlikely that solutions for neocolonialism would be successful as the struggling continent of Africa is still dependent on the trade of Western countries to maintain their economy. However, if a country suffers from neocolonialism, a possible solution to this problem is to gradually avoid foreign investors so that the country can prosper on their own. Discussion Question Do you think colonialism and/or neocolonialism will be present in other countries around the world in the future? And if so, why?
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