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GCSE PE Revision

Revision Guide
by

M Stretton

on 21 May 2012

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Transcript of GCSE PE Revision

1.1.1 Healthy, active lifestyles
and how they could benefit you
Benefits
Social
Physical
Mental
Promotes
'feel good'
factor
Relieve
aggression
Improves
self esteem
Chance to
meet new
people
Increase
self-worth
Fulfilment
by being part
of a team
Burns up
stored fat
Improves
flexibility, strength
of bones, muscle
tone
CV
improvement
Physical activity:
a stress and tension reliever
Releases
Endorphins and
Serotonin
Reduce
muscle
tension
Decreases
boredom
Anger
management
Better
sleep
Builds
immune
system
Detoxify
(cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr
(cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr
Physcial activity: stimulates the individual
Cooperation... Competition...
Physical Challenge...
Aesthetic appreciation...
developement of friendships/socialising
Taking part in physical activity
having the ability to concentrate
avoid harmful substances
(cc) photo by medhead on Flickr
balanced
diet
sustaining
friendships
1.1.2a Key influences on
achieving sustained involvement
Cultural influences
Age Disability Gender Race
Health and well-being influences
Weight control CV fitness increases Ligaments/Tendons/Bones/Heart/Muscles become stronger
Image influences
Fashion Media coverage
Radio
Newspaper/Magazines
TV
Tinternet
Influential people
Family Peers Role Models
Resource influences
Access Location Time
Socio-economic influences
Cost Job Social classification
1.1.2b Opportunities for involvement in physical activity
Volunteer
(Caterer/Fundraiser/Treasurer/
Groundsman/Cleaner/Transport/Admin/Maintenance)
Performer
Official
(Ref/umpire)
Coach/Manager
Sports
Leader
Performance
Participation
Foundation
Elite
International (Olympic)
Local and Regional
(North West)
Sports Clubs/Leisure Centres (Mellor Lacrosse/Marple Gym)
PE and recreational sports ( )
Start, Stay, Succeed initiative
Develop opportunities for young people
1.1.3 Exercise/Fitness/Health
Health is:
physical, social and mental well-being
and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
Fitness is:
the ability to meet the demands of the environment
Exercise is:
any form of
physical activity
done to
sustain or improve health and fitness
Health
Related
Exercise
CV Fitness
Muscular
Strength
Muscular
Endurance
Flexibility
Body
Composition
Skill
Related
Fitness
Power
Reaction
Time
Speed
Agility
Balance
Coordination
Sports Participation Pyramid
1.1.4a Principles of training
Aerobic
Training thresholds
60-80%
R
est&Recovery
I
ndividual needs
P
rogressive overload
S
pecificity
Circuit
Continuous
Cross
Fartlek
Interval
Weight
PEP
F
requency
I
ntensity
T
ime
T
ype
Par-Q =
Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
Fitness Testing
Cooper
12 minute
run
Harvard
Step
Test
Hand Grip
Strength Test
Sit & Reach
Test
Illinois
Agility Test
Standing
Stork
Test
3 ball
juggle
Ruler
Drop Test
Sergeant
Jump
Standing
Board Jump
30m
Sprint
1.1.5 Health and well-being
Vitamins & Minerals
Fibre
Water
Carbs, Protein, Fats
(cc) image by rocketboom on Flickr
(cc) image by quoimedia on Flickr
MICROnutrients
MACROnutrients
1.2.1a Your body
en
D
omorph
= D
umpy

M
esomorph
= M
uscular

ec
T
omorph
= T
all/
T
hin

OPTIMUM WEIGHT

determined by: height, gender,
bone structure and muscle girth

OVERWEIGHT
OVERFAT
OBESE
BMI = Body Mass Index
Height and Weight

1.2.1b Substances
& the Sportsperson

Smoking and Alcohol
Stimulants - Beta Blockers

Anabolic Steroids, Peptide Hormones

Diuretics - Narcotic Analgesics
Safety
Personal Readiness,
Correct equipment/clothing,
Rules,
Officials,
Balanced Competition,
Awareness of external forces
Reducing the risk in activites
1.2.2 Cardiovascular System
VC
A
PA
PV
RA
RV
LA
LV
BODY
LUNGS
ARTERIES
VEINS
CAPILLIARIES
220-age=MHR
HRxSV=CO

DOUBLE PUMP
RED BLOOD CELLS
WHITE BLOOD CELLS
PLATELETS
PLASMA
Blood Pressure
1.2.3 Respiratory System
AIR PASSAGES
LUNGS
DIAPHRAGM
LARYNX
TRACHEA
BRONCHI
BRONCHIOLES
ALVEOLI
RIBS
INTERCOSTAL MUSCLES
INSPIRATION
EXPIRATION
AEROBIC
ANAEROBIC
1.2.4 Muscular System
Pectorals
Lattisimus Dorsi
Trapezius
Abdominal
Deltoid
Biceps & Triceps
Gluteus Maximus
Hamstring
Quadriceps
Gastrocnemius
Voluntary
Involuntary
Cardiac
Fast/Slow twitch
Injuries
STRAIN - overstretch of
MUSCLE
SPRAIN - twist of
ANKLE or WRIST
TENNIS ELBOW - overuse of
TENDONS
1.1.4b Methods of training
1.2.5 Skeletal System

5 functions

Protection
Support
Movement
Blood Cell Production
Shape
Full transcript