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Venezuela's Socio-Political Crisis

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by

Abiel Gutierrez

on 7 March 2014

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Transcript of Venezuela's Socio-Political Crisis

Feb. 23
Feb. 24
Maduro spoke in motorcycle rally as
they are one of his major supporters
Nicolas Maduro
Curret President
Succesor to Hugo Chavez
Hugo Chavez
Radical dictator
Who is the Government
Venezuela's Socio-Political Crisis
Causes
A deteriorating economy.
Bolívar devalued continuously
Result of populist policies by Hugo Chávez
Who is who?
Nicolás Maduro vs. Leopoldo López
Political History: Hugo Chavez
Government Response
Paratroopers involvement in cities with protests
Denied US calls for a diplomatic conversation
Removing broadcasting stations under believe of transmitting propaganda war
Expelling US diplomats
US has now expelled three Venezuelan diplomats from country
Calling for military interference
Violent response to peaceful protests.
Cut ties with Panama

Crisis Timeline
International Reaction
"Hay un camino."
"Revolución es PAZ."
Venezuela 2014
By: Secretariat Seniors
"S.O.S. Venezuela"
"Rise to Power"
1992: Chavez leads a failed coup to remove Carlos Andrés Perez
Miserable economy and crush of protesters
Gets jailed, but is forgiven by President Rafael Caldera. Appears on TV.
Elected president from his own political party in 1998.
Got reelected and even abolished term limits in 2009.

"Bolivarian Revolution"
Reversed free market, made programs and clinics for poor.
Nationalizes lands and industries from the wealthy.
Improved health, education, literacy.
"Economic Muddle"
Short term fixes: currency devaluations, expropriations, pay rises.
Excessive social spending; no reinvestment.
Lack of economic diversity (90% oil)
Manufacturing sector too small

20% Inflation per year
High foreign debt
Oil barrel is now worth 10 times more.
Personal Life
Born into a prominent family
Descendant from Simon Bolivar
Married to Lilian Tintori
Kenyan College and Harvard University
Feb. 19
Feb. 21
Feb. 22
Feb. 12
February 2014
Demonstrators threw rocks & riot
police set barricades aflame
Protesters faced National Guard troops
global
attention
Riot police attack protesters with tear gas

3 US Diplomats forced to leave the country:

“Yankee, go home"
Nationwide protests begin
3 people killed
in protests
Mayor of Caraca's Chacao district (2000-2008)
wealthiest district
2002 attempted coup against Chávez
orchestrated public protests
played central role in citizens arrest of interior minister
Restricted to run for re-election in higher grounds in 2008
allegedly misused public funds
supporters say charges politically motivated
never put on trial over allegations
Political Life
Florida Senator, Marco Rubio
Where is he today?
surrendered
turned himself in Feb. 18
charged for terrorism, murder and inciting violence
formally charged with arson and conspiracy
The US government is not demonstrating enough concern
Currently only acknowledged presence of crisis in Venezuela

Solutions
Sanctions
Demonstrate firm support for "the right"
Florida Senator, Marco Rubio
supporter of the revolution

Panama Foreign Minister,
Francisco Alvarez de Soto
Panama Foreign Minister,
Francisco Alvarez de Soto
Lack of security.
Increasing crime rates and death rates; government ignoring the events.
Murder of Monica Spears called for action on 01/27; Maduro blamed the "evil" people and said their sin and greed was at fault.
was on official trip to Spain
returning early to Panama
Venezuelan President desires to break ties with Panama
“lackey” of the US
conspiracies of overthrowing Maduro
Scarcity of resources
Scarcity index @ 21% on February
Supermarkets did not have enough products in stock; in addition to rising prices, this led to building anger in households.
Urgent help asked from Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay, among others.
An oppressive government.
Blatant mass media control, even in foreign countries.
News stations that do not obey are shut down, completely (NTN24).
Protestor's Demands
Better economy
Stopping the food shortages
Improving national education
Clean and fair elections
no more dictatorships
more respect for human rights
Nicolas Maduro must retire and be exiled
Leopoldo Lopez must be freed without criminal charges
Personal Life
Political Life
Relationship with Chavez
Views on Revolution
Born in November 23, 1962 in Caracas. (Debatable)
Married in 2013 with a long time concubine.
Has one bastard child and 2 grandchildren.
Got involved with the Subway system in his youth.
Developed a Union for them.
Participated in the Fifth Republic Movement in 1999
Federal Congressman from 2000-2005
Vice-President of Hugo Chávez Frías

US Secretary of State,
John Kerry
Arizona Senator, John McCain
Brazilian President, Dilma Rousseff
His Right Hand
Doesn't want OEA intervention
People demanded his ousting
He won't quit.
He doesn't tolerate anything.
Some protesters wore shirts
with Bolivar’s face


Nicolas Maduro
Current president of Venezuela
Successor of Hugo Chavez
Speculated help from Cuba
Cuban Revolutionary Armed Forces spotted in country
Who are Pro-government
Use of violence by authorities despite peaceful protesting
The Blame Game
Government has blamed US and other "capitalist" countries for instigating protests
US Secretary of State, John Kerry
Cutting Ties
Maduro has ended diplomatic bonds with some countries, due to their alleged "conspiring"
Arizona Senator, John McCain
"[The US] backs the people's right to express their will, to object to corruption, the repression of the media and arrest of political dissidents."
President of Brazil, Dilma Rousseff
Brazil formerly in favor of Maduro
Now only willing to support Maduro's government if efforts to reach peace are actively pursued
Working closely with Colombia and several other countries
Venezuela's issues cannot be resolved quickly without foreign assistance
Maduro wishes to stay in power in order to continue to carry out Chavez´s socialist plan.

Also wants to stop the widespread of capitalist ideas, along with protestors
What do they Want?
Have not run country effectively
Poor economy
Increase in inflation (56.2%)
Food and goods shortage
Government does not seem fit for the job
Economic Inefficiencies
Maduro spoke in a motorcycle rally which was organized in support for his government
Feb. 24
Feb. 23
Full transcript