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War of 1812
Transcript of War of 1812
Effects Causes British Interferance with American Merchant Ship. American Expansion
into the Northwest. Fur Trade officials in the First Nations Territories. American
Jingoism Battles York (Toronto)
-April of 1813-
14 ships of 1700 soldiers sailed over to York and York was overtaken by the Americans. Before leaving, the Americans burned the town, and sailed back to America. Stoney Creek
-June 6, 1813-
The British planned a surprise attack on the large American force. It occured in the dark, and the British missed the main American Camp, however they were successfull by taking over Stoney Creek. Many British and American Soldiers died. Beaver Dams (Thorold)
-June 24, 1813-
Lieutenant-Colonel Boerstler planned a suprise attack on the British. His plans were over heard by Laura Secord who travelled to tell the
British Colonel about the attack. The British force of 80 soldiers and 250 mohawks waited in ambush at Beaver Dams. Lieutenant-Colonel Boerstlerwas injured/wunded and his forces surrounded by the mohawks. The Americans surrendered. Crysler's Farm
-November of 1813-
13,00 American Soldiers sailed down the St.
Lawerence River towards Montreal. At Crysler's
Farm about 900 British soldiers, Militia and
First Nations blocked the path of the
American army, successfully forcing the
Americans to retreat. Lundy's Lane
-July 25, 1814-
General Scott lead an attack on the British at Lundy's Lane. Of the 1500 Americans and 1700 British molre than 1600 soldiers were killed. This battle resulted in the heaviest casualties ever on Canadian Soil. The American army was not successfull, and retreated. Washington and Baltimore
-August of 1814-
In retaliation for Americans burning towns in Upper-Canada, the British attacked and burned Washington. Many government buildingswere destroyed, including th White House. They tried to do the same in Baltimore, however, they were pushed back at Fort
McHenry. Effects Agriculture
Many Farmers went out to fight in the war, and many farmer's fields were damaged by armies through their fighting. Many harvests became smaller,
and food supply was threatened. The war of 1812 had some effects on the development of Canada. It promoted the unity as the French and English people came together to resist a common enemy- the United States. It showed that they were capable of people in a time of crisis. As a result, British North America self confidence grew. Conclusion: The war of 1812 started June 1812. It was when the United States declared war on Britain. The war was fought in many battles on Great lakes and along the Atlantic Coast. The war ended late in 1814, and thats when the Treaty or Ghent was signed. (December 24, 1814) About the soldiers..
-Soldiers left their home and
if they returned, they returned
to a damaged home and destroyed
-Soldiers were paid about
16 cents a day. Detroit
with a force of only 400 soldiers, and 600 FN warriors Brock and Tecumseh were able to outsmart General Hall and his 2500 soldiers. For ex. even though 300 of the soldiers were Militia he dressed them like soldiers. Also, by having each man build his own fire and having soldiers march around the fort, it appeared to the
Americans that they would be outnumbered. The Americans surrendered. The British captured the fort and came away with more weapons andsupplies. Queenston Heights
-October of 1812-
A famous battle of the war took place at Queenston Heights. After rowing accross The Niagagra River, the American troops captured the highground at Queenston. Major-General Brock rushed to push back the Americans, but he was shot and killed, howver the Americans were pushed back over the river while capturing almsot 1000 American prisoners. By: Shaelyn