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Substance Abuse Among Teens

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poonam gill

on 24 January 2014

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Transcript of Substance Abuse Among Teens

Alcohol
Alcohol is also one of the most frequently drug used by teenager . Many people start drinking in their high school years .
Nearly half of high school students drink on a monthly basis .
8% of teens who drink say they drink at least 5 or more drinks in a row which is know as binge drinking
Binge drinking can lead to many long term damages to your body and is a unsafe way to consume alcohol
Long term effects of alcohal
Alcohol poisoning
liver damage, nerve damage
High blood pressure, stroke , and other heart related diseases
Permanent damage to the brain
Increased family problems , broken relationships
cancer of the mouth and throat
What Is Marijuana ?
Effects of alcohol use in teens
Alcohol decreases teens' ability to pay attention.
have difficulties with memory.
abuse alcohol with other substances such as heroine , weed etc.
the younger, the more likely to develop a problem with alcohol.
more likely to engage in sexual activity, have unprotected sex, have sex with a stranger, or be the victim or perpetrator of a sexual assault.
intoxication can also lead to suicide attempts.
symptoms of alcohal abuse in teens

Teenager using marijuana can lead to:

School difficulties
Problems with memory and concentration
Increased aggression
Car accidents
Use of other drugs or alcohol
Risky sexual behaviors
Increased risk of suicide
Increased risk of psychosis

types of drugs
Marijuana is a green , brown or grey mixture of dried shredded leaves, stem, seeds and flowers of the hemp plant cannabis sativa.
All forms of marijuana are mind-altering. In other words, they change how the brain works.
Effects of marijuana
Short term :
difficulty in thinking and problem solving
distorted perception
loss of coordination
increased heartbeat
lack of motivation
anxiety
increased appetite and relaxed muscles.
why teens choose marijuana ?
They have friends or family that use it and are pressured to try it

Think its cool because they hear songs about it or have seen it be used on tv or movies

they are curious or have desire to fit in

think its harmless and natural and is only a herb and wont affect them long-term

they think it relieves stress

some teens feel they need marijuana and other drugs to help them escape from problems at home , at school, or with friends
Main active chemical in marijuana is THC , when smoked THC passes from the lungs into the bloodstream , which transports to the brain and other organs

when it reaches the brain, THC connects with a certain type of receptor on nerve cells in areas that affect coordination , thought , memory , concentration, sensory, time perception and pleasure. this causes the marijuana "high"
Long term:
can lead to using more hardcore drugs.
inability to understand things clearly
changes in blood pressure
fertility implications
emotional problems (such as depression)
reduced sexual capacity
changes in the brain , affects areas in the brain that play a part in response to stress , problem solving , motivation.
reduced resistance to common illnesses ( colds, bronchitis)
most common symptoms of alcohol abuse is teenagers include
lying
making excuses
breaking curfews
staying in their rooms
becoming verbally or physically abusive toward other.
smell of alcohol on their breath or body
mood swings
changes in friends

An addiction is a compulsive physiological and psychological need for a habit-forming substance or act.
Addictions.
Types of addictions:
DRUGS
ALCOHOL
These are some types of addictive drugs:
Nicotine
Marijuana
Heroin
Cocaine
Methamphetamine
Ecstasy
LSD
Anabolic steroids
Nicotine
•Nicotine is found naturally in the tobacco leaf and is present in tobacco products such as cigarettes. When you smoke, nicotine is absorbed through the lungs and then moves through the bloodstream and into the brain and other organs of the body.
•It can take as little as 10 seconds for nicotine to reach the brain after being inhaled.
•This causes several reactions in your body: heart rate and blood pressure increase blood vessels constrict, causing a temperature drop in your hands and feet
brain waves are altered and muscles relax


•Upon introducing nicotine to the body, new smokers might experience coughing, dizziness, and a dry, irritated throat. Other effects may include nausea, weakness, stomach cramps, headache, coughing or gagging. These symptoms may lessen as you develop a tolerance to nicotine.
most smokers identify tobacco use as harmful and express a desire to reduce or stop using it, and nearly 35 million of them want to quit each year. Unfortunately, more than 85 percent of those who try to quit on their own relapse, most within a week.
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