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Heroin

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by

Addam Flynn

on 12 March 2013

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Transcript of Heroin

Long Term Effect Heroin Heroin is a highly addictive drug derived from morphine, which is obtained from the opium poppy. It is a “downer” or depressant that affects the brain’s pleasure systems and interferes with the brain’s ability to perceive pain.

Heroin is a highly addictive analgesic drug. It can get you high fast and get you hooked fast. And each time you use it, it's a lethal game of Russian roulette. Some possible effects of Heroin include infection, overdose and death. And it has over 11 nicknames which include Smack or
Brown Sugar. Long-term effects of heroin appear after repeated use for some period of time. Chronic users may develop collapsed veins, infection of the heart lining and valves, abscesses, cellulites, and liver disease. Pulmonary complications, including various types of pneumonia, may result from the poor health condition of the abuser, as well as from heroin’s depressing effects on respiration. In addition to the effects of the drug itself, street heroin may have additives that do not really dissolve and result in clogging the blood vessels that lead to the lungs, liver, kidneys, or brain. This can cause infection or even death of small patches of cells in vital organs. With regular heroin use, tolerance develops. This means the abuser must use more heroin to achieve the same intensity or effect.

By: Katerina & Addam How widespread is Heroin? Traffic is heavy worldwide, with the biggest producer being Afghanistan. According to a U.N. sponsored survey, as of 2004, Afghanistan accounted for production of 87 percent of the world's diacetylmorphine. Short Term Effects What is Heroin? Heroin can be used in a variety of ways, depending on user
preference and the purity of the drug. Heroin can be injected into a vein (“mainlining”), injected into a muscle, smoked in a water pipe or standard pipe, mixed in a marijuana joint or regular cigarette, inhaled as smoke through a straw, known as “chasing the dragon,” snorted as powder via the nose.

The short-term effects of heroin abuse appear soon after a single dose and disappear in a few hours. After an injection of eroin, the user reports feeling a surge of euphoria (“rush”) accompanied by a warm flushing of the skin, a dry mouth, and heavy extremities. Following this initial euphoria, the user goes “on the nod,” an alternately wakeful and drowsy state. Mental functioning becomes clouded due to the depression of the central nervous system. Other effects included slowed and slurred speech, slow gait, constricted pupils, droopy eyelids, impaired night vision, vomiting, constipation.

Bibliography http://www.drugfree.org/drug-guide/heroin

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heroin

http://www.quihn.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=397&Itemid=186

http://thecyn.com/heroin-addiction/signs/ How is Heroin Used? Reducing the Risk Burning or smoking (chasing the dragon) is a safer method of use than injecting. It will not reduce dependency, but reduces the risk of transmittable diseases.

Do not share injecting equipment, and inject carefully to avoid collapsed veins and abscesses. Don’t use cigarette filters to filter the mix, as they may contain fiberglass. Cotton wool, filter wheel or tampons are safer options. The ideal is the filters provided by Needle & Syringe Programs.
If smoking heroin, do not burn it on anything plastic such as plastic spoons.

Avoid using alone to reduce risk of overdose.
Check the interaction between medications and heroin, and be aware that use of other depressant drugs (i.e. alcohol or benzodiazepines) may increase the risk of overdose.
Behaviors & Signs of Addiction Withdrawals Withdrawal occurs when a dependent person stops using heroin or severely cuts down the amount used. Sudden withdrawal from heroin very rarely causes death, unless the person has other medical complications, or is withdrawing from another drug at the same time. However, detox is not advised for pregnant women, who will generally be encouraged to transfer across to a pharmacotherapy program for the course of the pregnancy. The symptoms can be unpleasant, and may last up to seven days. They may include:

Runny nose
Sore throat
Cramps
Aching bones and joints
Heavy sweating
Change in body temperature, shivers
Diarrhoea
Loss of appetite
Sleeping difficulties
Vomiting
Depression
Irritability and anxiety.
Alternating between sleepiness and alertness
Shallow breathing
Injection sites and/or infections
Nausea and/or vomiting
Small pupils
A “lost” appearance in the eyes
Little motivation
Spending time with a different social circle
Disorientation
Difficulty speaking
Poor memory
Acting as though extremities are heavy and droopy
No interest in the future
Poor self-image and/or no upkeep of self
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