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Homemade Glue out of milk

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Chichay Cruz

on 19 January 2015

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Transcript of Homemade Glue out of milk

Glue Made
out of MILK

Statement of the Problem
What is Glue?
How to make a glue from milk?
What is the Scientific Name of Glue? Where did it came from?
What are the materials/ingredients needed to make a homemade glue?
Are the ingredients easy to find? Can the people who will make this glue afford the materials needed?
Which is more effective the commercial ones or the Homemade Glue which is only made of milk?
Who can benefit in this study?
What are the advantages and benefits of adhesive?
Homemade Glue out of milk
We Thank our dear teacher, Mr. Jestoni L. Abad
To Our Parents
To all of you , Dear classmates
We dedicate this Investigatory Project to the students, workers and others, who buy glue in large amount . Instead of buying glue they can do this in easily way. We also dedicate this project to our parents because they are the reason why we strive to make this project successful.

Based on the conducted experiment , we recommend the following for further improvements , to have better results of extraction suggest that there would be longer minutes of boiling the milk . We also recommend that one should make use of a large amount of baking soda so the application of milk and baking soda would done easier.

Background of the study
The first evidence when glue used for the first time
dates back in 4000 B.C., Archaeologists found foodstuff with deceased when they were studying burial sites of historical tribes in the pottery vessels, which were repaired by some sticky stuff of tree sap. They also found ivory eyeballs into eye sockets in Babylonian temples. In our modern time, glue may vary from industrial and commercial purpose toordinary glue used at home and school. Glue is used to fix broken pieces or to bind different materials. Milk is a whitish liquid containing proteins, fats, lactose, and various vitamins and minerals that is produced by the mammary glands of all mature female mammals after they have given birth and serves as nourishment for their young. Milk available in the market is processed into powdered from. Research conducted on milk protein has proven that milk casein 
is an effective ingredient for producing waterproof glue
Glue is a sticky material (usually a liquid) that can stick two or more things together. Glue can be made from plant or animal parts, or it can be made from oil-based ls.
The first glues may have been natural liquids that come out of trees when they are cut. Later people learned to make glue by boiling animal feet, cartilage or bones. Some very strong glues were first made from fish bones, rubber or milk.
A simple glue can be made at home by mixing wheat flour and water. This glue will stick pieces of paper together. Many kinds of art can be made using glue. A collage is a work of art made by using glue to stick colored things onto paper.
Some glues can be used to keep water out of boats, buildings or vehicles. In this case the glue may be called caulk. Some man-made materials, including wood-like materials, are made using glues to bind together small pieces of material or powders.
While many glues are safe, certain kinds of glue contain strong-smelling chemicals. Some people sniff these glues to get high. Sometimes people breathe in the vapors by mistake. This is a very bad idea because these chemicals are often poisons and may cause brain damage or illness.
Glue can also be made from rice or rice flour.

The scientific name of glue is “Cyanoacrylates”.
Glue is the chief topic in this investigatory project. Glue is widely used worldwide. From schools to offices, from homes to buildings, glue is always present to help in individuals in their daily lives. This material can be used in simple works or as an emergency utensil; from torn books to stripped parts of paper works; this tool is very significant in our lives.
Glue is a sticky material (usually a liquid) that can stick two or more things together. Glue can be made from plant or animal parts, or it can be made from oil-based chemicals. The first glues may have been natural liquids that come out of trees when they are cut. Later people learned to make glue by boiling animal feet, cartilage or bones. Some very strong glue is made from fish bones, rubber or milk. Simple glue can be made at home by mixing wheat flour and water. This glue will stick pieces of paper together. Many kinds of art can be made using glue. A collage is a work of art made by using glue to stick colored things onto paper.

What is Glue?
How to make glue from milk?
What is the Scientific Name of Glue? Where did it came from?
What are the materials/ingredients needed to make a homemade glue?
Are the ingredients easy to find? Can the people who will make this glue will afford the materials needed?
Which is more Effective the commercial ones or homemade glue which is only made of milk?
Who can benefit in this Study?
What are the advantages and benefits of adhesives?
Significance of the Study
Scope and Limitations
Definition of Terms
The goal of these experiments is To create a light, non-toxic, and environmentally friendly glue from household products.

 Examine how a chemical reaction can change into a new product

Understand how renewable resources can be used in our everyday lives

to provide students with the most convenient glue that would help the different products and such.

This project aims to develop glue that will benefit the students, teachers, office workers and other people who use glue in their works. With the developed product,students will no longer need to buy expensive commercial glues from the market since they can readily create glue by using milk. The finished product is also non-toxic sincethe materials used to create it are natural. The introduction of the product may help lessen the demand for commercially produced glue which often contains toxicpreservatives that may harm the environment or the product user. Moreover, students may develop creativity skills in developing glue. The product also has a potential of becoming a source of income for those who wanted to market it.

The Significance of the study is grounded   upon the practically of making one’s own glue.Glue is and essential tool when it comes to craft and art making.Especially,when it comes to children’s project or even home based do-it-yourself projects.

The aspects were covered by the study is that students don’t to buy commercial glues which are expensive. They can just make their own glue using milk and other ingredients which are only found in the house.
It may take a couple of months to make.

The limitations of the study that we should know is that to make homemade glue using only materials found in our house no need to buy expensive glue. Just make your own homemade glue, it’s easy and affordable.

Definition of Terms
Casein Glue
Sodium Bicarbonate
Skimmed Milk
Emergency Utensils
Non aqueous titration
A. Research Design
The design of our research is to help our other fellow classmates on how to make glue and not buy expensive glues. In this kind of study you know to make glue made out of milk, vinegar, baking soda, etc.The experimental variable is the homemade glue while the control is the commercial ones.
C. Procedure
         Prepare the sauce pan and the stove.
·         Pour the milk into the sauce pan. Wait until it boils.
·         Add 3 teaspoon of Vinegar. Keep stirring until the curdles are forming.
·         Remove the curdles from the sauce pan into the strainer.
·         Put back the curdles and Add baking soda and water to the sauce pan.
·         Wait until it boils. Add water if needed.
·         When bubbles appeared it means you’re done.
B. Materials

·  Sauce pan
·  Vinegar
·  Baking Soda
·   Tablespoons
·  Water
·   Empty bottle
·   Ladle
·   Milk (skimmed)
·   Strainer
·   Funnel

Data and analysis and Results
The study of the project of homemade glue is somewhat the same as what it is supposed to be. The product is sticky and has quite the same qualities as the sources we have been researched and found. It doesn’t have the appearance of the research but it is still edible for we have used the same elements to construct the product. It tastes sweet at first but has a bit fairly poor aftertaste.
This chapter presents the interpretation of the data gathered. The sequence of the data is based from the statement of the problem and is shown in tabular form.

Therefore, We conclude that the glue that we made is effective. And it’s very useful for the students for their school project and it’s very convenient to us
We, the researchers, recommended that you should try our homemade glue. Why? Because it’s just like a commercial glues and it is more effective. You should try making your own glue so that incase of emergency that can make in a couple of hours.

Casein glue

made from casein; used for e.g. plywood and cabinetwork

 the main protein present in milk and in cheese.

Sodium Bicarbonate
used in cooking, for cleaning, or in toothpaste.

Vinegar- a sour-tasting liquid containing acetic acid, obtained by fermenting dilute alcoholic liquids, and used as a condiment or for pickling.

Cartilage is a firm, whitish, flexible connective tissue found in various forms in the larynx and respiratory tract, in structures such as the external ear, and in the articulating surfaces of joints. It is more widespread in the infant skeleton, being replaced by bone during growth.

Skimmed milk is made when all the cream (also called milk fat) is removed from whole milk.

Adhesive able to stick fast to a surface or object; sticky.

Cohesiveness something consisting parts that fit together well and form a united whole.

Homemade has been made in someone’s home, rather than in a shop or factory.

Glue is now so extensively used, and for so many different purposes, that it certainly deserves much more intelligent treatment at the hands of users than it has received heretofore.
Without adhesives, we'd have a job making plasters stick to skin. In understanding of the sources from which glue is derived and of the processes of manufacture will be found of practical importance to the glue user. It will give many valuable side-lights on the proper methods of preparation and handling. In ancient times, people made their glues from whatever they found in the world , and jump in the air, we can "unstick" ourselves and go somewhere else. Second, the water droplets also stick to the glass without any help or glue. Sometimes glue is simply a commonality that keeps all the various firm systems running in decent working order.  Sometimes glue produces real revenue through cross selling and enhanced relationship building.  Sometimes glue is just that ineffable bond that keeps people from leaving

The scientific name of glue is “Cyanoacrylates”.
Cyanoacrylates are a family of strong fast-acting adhesives with industrial, medical, and household uses.

Cyanoacrylate adhesives have a short shelf life if not used, about one year from manufacture if unopened, one month once opened. They have some minor toxicity.
Cyanoacrylates include methyl 2-cyanoacrylate, ethyl-2-cyanoacrylate commonly sold under trade names such as "Super Glue" and "Krazy Glue"), n-butyl cyanoacrylate and 2-octyl cyanoacrylate (used in medical, veterinary and first aid applications).

Octyl cyanoacrylate was developed to address toxicity concerns and to reduce skin irritation and allergic response. Cyanoacrylate adhesives are sometimes known generically as instant glues or superglues (although "Super Glue" is a trade name). The abbreviation "CA" is commonly used for industrial grades.

Of course , yes ! It’s easy to find the materials needed in making your own glue. Because the materials needed can buy in near "sari-sari store" or even in the market.
Casein is the principle protein of milk. It accounts for approximately one third of the non-aqueous (liquid) ingredients in cow’s milk, from which commercial casein is obtained. The casein protein can be used to make glue and is also used in the manufacturing of various goods, including fabrics, adhesives, plastics, and protective coatings. 
In order to remove the casein from the milk, the product goes through a process called precipitation. Essentially, the milk is heated and acid (vinegar) is added. As the heating takes place, the casein content begins to shrink and expel moisture, producing clumpy white solid curds and liquid whey. The next step in extracting the casein involves separating the whey from the curd by filtering. After the separation, a baking soda solution is added to neutralize the acid. The curd is then subjected to pressure to further remove the water content. When the moisture content is reduced to an acceptable level, the curd is dried to form a hard, plastic-like protein substance which can act as an adhesive .

Everybody can benefit from this study,. It can benefit the students when they need to paste their test results in their notebooks. In making their school projects and they have projects to make in their respective houses.

The people who will benefit from this home-made glue are the following: 
1st are we, as a Student we all need glue to sticking our test results in our notebooks.

2nd is the people who works in the office might need glue because they use it as the paste their finished product to be submitted to their boss.

3rd is the teachers, they will need in order to paste the students test result in the notebook.

Pour 125 ml
Pour 125 ml (8 fl oz) of skimmed milk into a pan
Heat this on a stove at 120°C (250°F). Let it warm, but not boil.

The use of adhesives and glues as materials used to perform unions are in a phase of expansion and boom, because they include the following advantages and benefits compared to other joining methods:

The adhesives materials allows joint substrates with different geometries, sizes and composition. With the adhesive we can joint glass, plastics, metals, ceramics ...
The use of adhesives eliminates the corrosion associated with dissimilar metals joining with different galvanic potential, such as the joining of steel with aluminum.
The use of adhesive as bonding material does not produce any deformation in the materials or substrates, eliminating metal grinding processes (grinding and putty), reducing the manufacturing cost and improving the aesthetics of the product.
Do not produce any mechanical aggression to the substrate, avoiding any damage to the structure of the material.
Great flexibility in the product design as well as an improvement in its aesthetics.
Reduction of the product weight, in the case of traction vehicles (cars, ships, locomotives ....) weight reduction is directly linked to reducing energy consumption and pollutant emissions to the environment.
Increasing the resistance to impact and fatigue resistance using elastic adhesive, increasing reliability and product life cycle.

Homogeneous distribution of tensions throughout the union allowing the elimination of stress concentrations that can lead to the fracture of the union.
Reduction of noise and vibration.
Reduction in the number of components such as screws, nuts, washers, rivets, etc ... necessary for the union, reducing the manufacturing cost of the union.
Sealing function and protection against corrosion.
Special adhesives prepared to conduct electricity or electrical insulator, are usually used in the field of electronics.

On the other hand, there are a number of processes / products that would be impossible to manufacture without the use of adhesives, such as the tapes for masking process prior to painting, repairing bicycle wheels, climalit style window with noise and temperature insulation, placement of brackets on the teeth, tooth reconstruction, the office post it....
The knowledge of each of the various joining techniques currently available (adhesives, welding, riveting, bolting, etc. ...), will allow us to select the optimal technique for each case in which we want to join 2 or more parts, due each of these techniques has advantages and disadvantages compare with the others
Place the strainer over the jar (preferably resting on it), and pour the mixture through the strainer.

Use the spoon to press the clumps through the strainer, and release the liquid
Remove the material from the strainer, and place it back in the pan on the stove.

Add 100 ml (½ cup) water and a tablespoon of baking soda to the liquid.

A casein material will begin to bubble. When this stops, use the leftover liquid as glue.

sauce pan
Review of Literature
When we searched Google about the homemade glue, there were many related study. Some use cassava flour in making glue some use Styrofoam, honey in making. When we found out that milk can also be used as alternative glue combining with the other ingredients in making homemade glue.The glue that we’ll be experimenting is called “Casein Glue.”Casein glue is the name for a family of related phosphoproteins (αS1, αS2, β, κ). These proteins are commonly found in mammalian milk, making up 80% of the proteins in cow milk and between 20% and 45% of the proteins in human milk. Casein has a wide variety of uses, from being a major component of cheese, to use as a food additive, to a binder for safety matches. As a food source, casein supplies amino acids, carbohydrates, and the two inorganic elements calcium and phosphorus.
Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals. It is the primary source of nutrition for young mammals before they are able to digest other types of food. Early-lactation milk contains colostrums, which carries the mother's antibodies to the baby and can reduce the risk of many diseases in the baby. It also contains many other nutrients.
As an agricultural product, milk is extracted from mammals during or soon after pregnancy and used as food for humans
Worldwide, dairy farms produced about 730 million tons of milk in 2011. India is the world's largest producer and consumer of milk, yet neither exports nor imports milk. New Zealand, the European Union's 28 member states, Australia, and the United States are the world's largest exporters of milk and milk products. China and Russia are the world's largest importers of milk and milk products .Throughout the world, there are more than 6 billion consumers of milk and milk products. Over 750 million people live within dairy farming households. Milk is a key contributor to improving nutrition and food security particularly in developing countries. Improvements in livestock and dairy technology offer significant promise in reducing poverty and malnutrition in the world.
Vinegar Are  liquids consisting mainly of acetic acid (CH3COOH,) and water. The acetic acid is produced by the fermentation of ethanol by acetic acid bacteria. Vinegar is now mainly used as a cooking ingredient, but historically, as the most easily available mild acid, it had a great variety of industrial, medical, and domestic uses, some of which (such as a general household cleanser) are still promoted today. There are many types of vinegar such as: coconut, cane balsamic, apple cider and many more.
Baking soda or Sodium Bicarbonate

Is the chemical compound with the formula NaHCO3. Sodium bicarbonate is a white solid that is crystalline but often appears as a fine powder. It has a slightly salty, alkaline taste resembling that of washing soda (sodium carbonate). The natural mineral form is nahcolite. It is a component of the mineral natron and is found dissolved in many mineral springs. It is among the food additives encoded by European Union, identified by the initials E 500. Since it has long been known and is widely used, the salt has many related names such as baking soda, bread soda, cooking soda, and bicarbonate of soda. In colloquial usage, its name is sometimes shortened to sodium bicarb, bicarb soda, or simply bicarb. The word saleratus, from Latin sal æratus meaning aerated salt, was widely used in the 19th century for both sodium bicarbonate and potassium bicarbonate. The term has now fallen out of common usage.
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