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Government: Autocratic, Oligarchy, Democracy

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k b

on 7 October 2012

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Transcript of Government: Autocratic, Oligarchy, Democracy

Autocracy, Oligarchy, and Democracy
Civic Participation
The ruler has absolute power to do whatever he wishes and make and enforce whatever laws he chooses.

Individuals who live under autocratic governments do not have any rights to choose leaders or vote on which laws are made and put into

Some autocratic governments may allow the people rights in certain areas like managing local affairs, but the central government keeps control of all the most important aspects of the country’s life.

In an autocratic system, people usually have little or no power to use against the government if they disagree with decisions that government or ruler has made. Autocracy It means “government by the few.” In this form of government, a political party or other small group makes all of the major decisions.

The people of the country have little choice but to go along with the decisions they make.

This sort of government can be very similar to an autocratic government. Oligarchy The people play a greater role in deciding who the rulers
are and what decisions are made.

“Democracy” comes from the Greek word “demos” which means “people.”

In this form of government, a great deal of power is left in the hands of the people.

Decisions are often made by majority votes, but there are also laws in place to protect individual rights.

If a person living in a democracy feels his rights have been violated, he has the power to ask the government for help in correcting the situation. Democracy 1. How are the governments of Africa similar/different?

2. How do the different types of governments determine how their citizens participate in the political process? (What rights are given to individual citizens?) Essential Questions People who live under different kinds of governments often find there are great differences in the rights given to individual citizens. Introduction Governments in Africa In an autocracy, who makes most of the important governmental decisions?

A. the courts
B. the people
C. an individual ruler
D. an elected legislature Which describes the decision-makers in an oligarchy?
A. voting citizens
B. judges and lawyers
C. a king and his family
D. a group of powerful leaders Why do the individual voters have more power in a democracy than they do in an autocracy or an oligarchy?

A. Kings are always cruel rulers.
B. The people play a role in deciding who rules.
C. All of the power stays in the hands of the local governments.
D. Voters in democratic countries always choose qualified leaders. Rights of the People (Individual Citizens) Autocracy Oligarchy Democracy Examples: Morocco and Libya Example: Apartheid-era South Africa Examples: Ghana and Mali
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