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Good Night Mr Tom by Michelle Magorian
Transcript of Good Night Mr Tom by Michelle Magorian
by Michelle Magorian Setting: When and where a novel or a play takes place. http://youtu.be/abLgfmzTO64 'Goodnight Mister Tom' is set in England in 1939 at the beginning of World War II. During this time millions of children were evacuated from London and other big cities to escape the Blitz. This was the name of the bombing campaign that the Luftwaffe waged over Britain. Physical Description
Fit and active
White hair Character: Tom Oakley Personality
Gruff - can seem abrupt at first. ''Yes,' said tom bluntly on opening the front door.'What d'you want?"
Kind, caring, generous, considerate, sensitive. p35 - 'Suppose another pair of socks and one of them balaclava things wouldn't come amiss, he thought, sinking into a quiet reverie of jerseys and boots' - p30 - ''While you're in my house,' he said with a choked voice,'you'll live by my rules. I ent never hit a child and if I ever do. It'll be by the skin of me hand.'' - Kindness
Reclusive - kept to himself. 'Tom, as Zach had said, kept to himself...In his grief he had cut himself off from people and when he had recovered he had lost the habit of socializing.'
Reclusive - 'Tom, as Zach said kept himself to himself...Since his wife's, Rachel's, death he hadn't joined in any of the social activities in Little Weirwold'
Lonely - wife and child died in child birth and quickly becomes attached to Willie.
Begins to soften and open up to society again as his relationship with willie develops.
Shows how much he cares about Willie by going to see him in London.
Can't bear the thought of William being taken to a children's home and kidnaps him for the hospital.
Lovingly nurses William back to health' 'You keep breathin' boy,' he murmured. 'Don't you go holdin' it in.'
He consoles Willie about Trudy and helps him to understand it wasn't his fault that she died, 'Ent your fault. The milk runnin' out.'
We see how fond Tom has grown of Will when Willl says he loves him and he says, 'I love you too boy.'
We see just how happy Tom has become and how much he has changed when he visits the seaside with Zach and Will: 'they leapt and pranced about, waving their arms in the air and yelling at the top of their voices when suddenly Will and Zach realized Tom was dancing too.'
Tom again shows how much he loves Will when he helps him through the grieving process after Zach dies in an air raid.
Tom's happiness is complete when he is given permission to adopt Will: 'It suddenly dawned on him that Will would be growing up with him. With a great yell of joy he leaped up from the arm chair.' Physical Description
bruised and battered
Shinier, brighter hair
recovered from his wounds Character: Willie Personality
polite - p16 - ''How old are you then?' she asked'. ''Eight, miss." "Polite little lad, ent you?" - Willie's manners and polite nature.
fearful, frightened, nervous p17 - 'Tom came towards him, took the branch firmly from his hand and held it up. Willie automatically flung his arm across his face and let out a cry but the blow he was expecting never came.' - Willie's frightened nature brought on from beatings from his mother.
Low self esteem - feels guilt and shame, p38 - ''I can't go wivout me socks,' cried Willie...'My legs', he whispered. He didn't want everyone to see the marks of his sins.' - Willie is ashamed of his bruises, not because of the fact that he has been beaten, but because he believes that he deserved to beaten because he was bad and that this will show everyone what a sinful boy he is.
more relaxed and at ease
more sociable and outgoing
improves hugely at school
a brilliant artist
very fond of Tom
best friends with Zach
more independent and less naive
more courageous and open to new things. When they visit Spooky Cott he leads the way and Zach is the one who is frightened: ''I think we better signal that we're alright,' suggested Will...Zach felt even worse.'
higher self esteem and more confident & determined: ''I won't go with you,' he stated firmly. 'Even if you tie me up and put me in prison, I'll run away and come back here.'' - Will shows a new found independence and determination and confidently speaks up for himself. Quotations: Physical
'Tom was well into his sixties, a healthy, robust, stockily built man, with a head of thick white hair. Although he was of average height, in Willie's eyes he was a towering giant, with skin like coarse, wrinkled brown paper and a voice like thunder.' p10 Quotations: Personality
p30 - ''While you're in my house,' he said with a chocked voice,'you'll live by my rules. I ent never hit a child and if I ever do. It'll be by the skin of me hand.'' - Kindness
p35 - 'Suppose another pair of socks and one of them balaclava things wouldn't come amiss, he thought, sinking into a quiet reverie of jerseys and boots' - Thoughtfulness and kindness towards Willie.
p79 - 'Tom, as Zach said kept himself to himself...Since his wife's, Rachel's, death he hadn't joined in any of the social activities in Little Weirwold' - Tom became a recluse after his wife's death.
p102 - 'Aw Mister', was all he could manage to say. Tom was surprised to find a lump in his own throat.' - Tom becomes emotional when Willie struggles to thanks him for teaching him to read. Shows Tom he is softening and growing in affection for Willie.
p110 - 'Since her death he had never wanted to touch anything that might remind him of her. Trust a strange boy to soften him up.' - Tom's self admission that Willie is softening him up from the gruff man he had become. Quotations: Physical Description
p10 - 'The boy was thin and sickly-looking, pale with limp sandy hair and dull grey eyes.'
p30 - 'Willies legs and arms were covered in bruises, weals and sores.'
p 89 - 'I didn't realize you were so fair'. It was true the lank look had disappeared and it did look lighter. - Zach is surprised by Willie's change in appearance. Willie is starting to look cleaner and healthier. Quotation: Personality
p16 - ''How old are you then?' she asked'
"Polite little lad, ent you?" - Willie's manners and polite nature.
p17 - 'Tom came towards him, took the branch firmly from his hand and held it up. Willie automatically flung his arm across his face and let out a cry but the blow he was expecting never came.' - Willie's frightened nature brought on from beatings from his mother.
p38 - ''I can't go wivout me socks,' cried Willie...'My legs', he whispered. He didn't want everyone to see the marks of his sins.' - Willie is ashamed of his bruises, not because of the fact that he has been beaten, but because he believes that he deserved to beaten because he was bad and that this will show everyone what a sinful boy he is. Tom PQE Answering Structure
Question - What kind of man is Tom Oakley?
Point (P) - Begin your answer using the words from the question to make your main point. Your point is like a one line answer to the question:
(P) -Tom Oakley is a kind and caring man.
Then you must use evidence from the novel to prove your point. This is called a quote (Q).
(Q) - Tom says, 'When your in my house', he said in a choked voice, 'You'll live by my rules. I ent ever hit a child and if I ever do, it'll be with the skin of my hand.'
Remember to use 'inverted commas' when you quote from the story and that a quote does not have to be something someone says. You must write your quote exactly as it is in the text.
Lastly you must explain (E) how this quote proves your point.
(E) We can see that Tom is a kind and caring man because he says that he has never hit a child and that if he ever does it will be with his hand and not with the belt buckle his mother used. Your answer should look like this:
(P) Tom Oakley is a kind and caring man.
(Q) We see this when he says, 'When your in my house,' he said in a choked voice,' you'll live by my rules. I ent ever hit a child and if I ever do it'll be with the skin of me hand.'
(E) We can see that Tom is a kind and caring man because he says that he has never hit a child and that if he ever does it'll be with the his hand and not with the belt buckle that Willie's mother used to use. Try this question yourselves using PQE.
1. What kind of condition is Willie in when he arrives at Tom's door? (PQE)
2. How does Willie's health and appearance change over his first few weeks in little Weirwold? (PQE)
3. Character List
Rachel Oakley - Tom's deceased wife
Zach Wrench - William's friend
Mrs Fletcher - middle aged woman who knits for Tom
Mr Fletcher - her husband
Michael, Edward and George Fletcher - their sons
Ginnie & Carrie - twins and friends of George's
Mr&Mrs Thatcher - the twins' parents
Mrs Hartridge - school teacher
Dr Oswald Little - local doctor
Mrs Nancy Little - his wife. Zach is living with them.
Ivor - local farmer
Lucy - Ivor's 6 year old daughter
Mr & Mrs Miller - shopkeepers
Charlie Ruddles - an elderly ARP man
Mr Bush - headmaster
Mr & Mrs Peters - the vicar and his wife
Mrs Thorne - the librarian
Mr Fred Barnes - local farmer
Mrs Black - pimary school teacher Chapter 1 Summary
Willie Beech, an 8 year old, frail and frightened young boys is evacuated to the country and is billeted to stay with a Tom Oakley, a gruff old man in his sixties. Willie assumes Tom will beat him for threatening to hit his dog, Sammy. we realize Willie is beaten at home by his mother. Chapter 2 Summary
Tom brings Willie into town where he asks Mrs Fletcher to knit some new clothes for Willie. Willie meets Mrs Fletcher's 6 year old daughter Lucy. Tom also orders extra milk and prepares a room for Willie. After getting sick, Willie waits for a beating from Tom but Tom tells him he will never beat him. Tom sees cuts and bruises all over Willie's thin body as he dries him after he got soaked in the rain. Chapter 3 Summary
Willie awakes to find he has wet thate bed and gets sick. We learn that Willie can't read or write. Tom takes Willie to see Dr Little who believes he is suffering from malnutrition. Willie posts his letter at the Post Office where he meets a boy who captures his attention. Chapter 4 Summary
Tom takes Willie to town and buys him a sweet, a comic, some material for new clothes and a pair of boots. Willie is shocked at Tom's kindness and believe all these new things are for him. He also takes Willie to the library and takes out some books for him. Chapter 5 Summary
Tom takes Willie to church where he meets Mr Peters the vicar. Willie is surprised at how relaxed and cheerful everyone is at church compared to his church in London. The congregation listen to war being declared over the wireless by Prime Minister Chamberlain. Tom Mr Fltecher, his sons and William begin build an Anderson shelter in Tom's garden. Willie enjoys the work but is too embarrassed to take off his jersey and reveal his bruises. Chapter 6 Summary
While finishing off the shelter Willie is visited by Zach, the boy from the Post Office to ask if he can help. Zach is a talkative, well-spoken, exuberant boy who has also been evacuated. His parents work in the theatre. Willie is shocked when Zach tells him he likes him. Meanwhile, Tom volunteers to help out with fire watching. The townspeople are stunned as Tom has cut himself off from society since the death of his wife. Later, Zach asks if he can come and play again tomorrow with Willie and that night Willie has a bath for the first time in his life. Chapter 7 Summary
Willie goes blackberry picking with George, Zach and the twins Ginnie and Carrie. To his amazement they are friendly to him and he has a great time. Later, he makes jam with Tom and is delighted that he has spent a whole day with children of his own age and survived it. Zach Wrench
black curly hair
brown oval eyes
Wiry, tanned body
baggy corduroy shorts
tattered sandals Personality
Articulate - well spoken
Very forward, outgoing, self-confident
Flamboyant - over the top
Exuberant - full of energy
Sensitive Chapter 8
Willie has his first day at school but feels humiliated when he is forced to join the class of the younger children because he can't read or write. Tom decides that he will help Willie with his reading and writing at home. Willie is almost overcome by emotion and even Tom feels a lump in his throat. Later, George, Ginnie, Carrie and Zach call to let Willie know that they still want him to be their friend and he is again moved by this. Chapter 9
It's Willie's birthday but he doesn't seem to think it's such a big deal. Tom is surprised that no gifts arrive from Tom' mother. To Willie's great surprise he is showered with gifts by his friends and neighbours and is deeply moved when Tom buys him a paint set. Tom begins to realise that Willie is having a positive effect on him and that he is starting to really come to terms with his wife's death for the first time. To Willie's great shock Tom has also arranged a surprise party for him with all his friends. Willie has the best day of his life and is overcome by emotion. 1. Zach Wrench is a sociable, energetic boy. Do you agree or disagree?
Give reasons for your answer. (PQE)
2. Do you think Zach is a sensitive person? (PQE) Zach Quotataions
p46 - 'His body was wiry and tanned and he had a thick crop of curly black hair...'
p77 - 'He couldn't understand this exuberant friendliness in a boy he'd only had a glimpse of twice' - Willie is stunned by Zach's energy and friendliness.
p77 - 'I expect you think I'm a bit forward...my parents work in the theatre and I'm so used to moving from town to town that I can't afford to waste time. As soon as I see someone I like, I talk to them.' - Zach explains why he is so forward.
p121 - He looked at William, thinking he wouldn't have heard of him. 'William Shakespeare was one of our greatest playwrights. A playwright is a man who writes plays like the one in your hand...' - Zach's sensitivity. Chapter 10
A case from Zach's parents arrives containing all sorts of unusual things like a technicolour coat, a pair of tap shoes, a mini dress suit and some books. The children decide they are going to start their own local paper and they will start the first days work in Willie's room at Tom's house. Tom Questions
1. How does Tom change during the first few weeks of Willie's stay? (PQE)
2. How does Tom's experience with Willie help him to come to terms with the deaths of his wife and child? (PQE) Chapter 11
Willie's friends call round and they have a great evening planning their new local news paper, 'The Gazzette'. William wakes up the next morning to find that, for the first time since he arrived, he hasn't wet the bed. Chapter 12
The children are rehearsing for the school show, 'A Christmas Carol', when Willie has to stand in to play a part. It turns out he is a natural actor - he simply uses his vivid imagination to picture a character and then acts it out. When he arrives home Tom informs him that he will be taking over as the organist for the Christmas carol service. Both are very excited and nervous about their new roles. Chapter 13
Willie and Tom attend their choir practice and it turns out that Tom is an excellent organist. Later he plays some tunes for William that remind of his wife Rachel. He later tells Willie about Rachel's death and that his son was also named William. Tom admits to Willie that he enjoyed taking part in the choir. Chapter 14
Willie is at last promoted to Mrs Hartridge's class where he surprises everybody with how much he has progressed and amazes them with his painting. Three months later he returns home from school one evening and Tom informs him that he has had a letter from his mother; she is ill and Willie must return to look after her. Chapter 15
Willie says a sad goodbye to Tom and travels alone by train to London. His hopes of a fond reunion with his mother are soon dashed. She accuses him of stealing and begging for the gifts he has received and she beats him savagely when she hears about his Jewish friend, Zach. Shockingly, she is keeping a baby in the house. The baby is filthy and it's mouth has been taped shut. Chapter 16
After 3 weeks without any word from Willie, Tom begins to get anxious. he finally decides to go to London to find Willie. With the help of a local warden and a policeman Tom finds Willie's house and they break in. Chapter 17
Tom finds Willie filthy, barely dressed and tied to a metal pipe. He is holding on tightly to the baby which has been dead for some time. Willie is terrified and deeply traumatized. He is covered in cuts and bruises. Tom takes Willie to hospiatl where he is told that Willie will be placed in a children's home. Tom is horrified and kidnaps him from the hospital and takes him back to Little Weirwold. Chapter 18 - 'Recovery'
Will is traumatised and suffers terrible nightmares. Finally, hew lets out a terrible scream in his sleep and begins to recover. Zach, and later Tom, teach William about the birds and the bees and Tom explains to William, that the baby's death was not his fault. Willie tells Tom that he loves him and Mr Tom says that he does too. Willie visits Mrs Hartridge and her baby and this helps him get over the loss of his little half-sister Trudy. Chapter 19 - 'The sea, the sea, the sea!
Tom, Willie and Zach spend a wonderful fortnight at the seaside. They return to hear the great news that Carrie has been accepted into the highschool. Chapter 20 - Spooky Cott
Zach and Will finally pluck up the courage to visit Spooky Cott. To their surprise they find that an ex-soldier who has lost his fiance as well as his leg in a bombing has been living in the cottage. Geoffrey Sanderton turns out to be a professional artist and offers to give Will extra lessons as well as volunteering to help out at the school. Will returns home to find a policeman, the warden and a psychiatrist who have come to take him to a children's home. Will refuses to go and after a discussion amongst the adults it is decided that Mr Tom will adopt Will and he will become his son! Chapter 21
The children return to school but Zach decides to go to London to see his father who has been injured in the blitz. Zach awakes one morning to hear the devastating news that Zach has been killed in an air raid. Will collapses in shock. Chapter 22
Will is devastated by the loss of Zach. He finds himself struggling to accept his death. Evenually, he visits Zach's room at the Little's. He decides to fix up his bike and learns how to cycle. He finds that he is able to imagine Zach being with him when he cycles and begins to come to terms with his death. Will realises that he can live without Zach and still remember him. He alos realizes that he is now a 'whole' person. He realises that his own bubbly, cheeky personality was there all along, it was just buried deep inside him.
Tom is overcome by happiness that night when William calls him Dad fro the first time. Chapter 23
Zach and Ginnie spend a day together by the river. They talk about Zach and realise that they are both changing and that they have a lot to look forward to in life. Will comes home that evening and announces to Mr Tom that he is growing at last!