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Cubism

A brief look at the revolutionary art movement and its most influential artists - Picasso, Braque, and Gris.
by

Stacey V

on 4 April 2011

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Transcript of Cubism

What is Cubism? Cubism was an artistic movement that occured between 1907 and 1914 Created by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, when both were living in Montmartre France. Got the name "Cubism" after the artist Matisse commented that Braque's landscape artwork was nothing except "little cubes" Creation was influenced by African and Native American art, along with the inspiration from the Post-Impressionists' work Purpose of cubist movement was to revolt against realism Paul Cézanne
"Bibemus Quarry"
1895, Canvas On Oil Characteristics of Cubism Like the ancient Egyptians, cubist artists wanted to show the most important parts of the images they painted. Pablo Picasso
"The Guitar Player"
1910, Oil On Canvas Special Features Relatively short art movement First abstract style of modern art Challenged the concept of perspective Cubists originally used very little colour in their art 1910
Georges Braque
"Violin and Candlestick" 1915
Georges Braque
"Violin and Glass" Analytical Cubism Synthetic Cubism Analytical Cubism lasted until 1912 Artist analyzes the subject from many viewpoints, shattering the subject into fragments and reconstructing it within a geometric frame Pablo Picasso
"Ambroise Vollard"
1910, Oil On Canvas After 1912, a new style of cubism developed called Synthetic Cubism Started when Picasso began gluing printed images from the outside world on to his artwork, creating a collage effect New style moved away from the monochromatic colour schemes of Analytical Cubism Pablo Picasso
"Still Life with Mandolin and Guitar"
1924, Oil On Canvas Pablo Picasso 1881 – 1973 Known as the “King of Modern Art” Produced over 100 000 works of art throughout his career He was born in Spain and later moved to France In 1907, along with Georges Braque, he developed cubism “The paintings are the pages of my diary.” - Picasso Blue Period (1901-1904): Picasso’s first style of painting came from his experience as a poor, starving artist He used cool indigos and deep blue shades to represent his depression Pablo Picasso
"The Blind Man's Meal"
1903, Oil On Canvas Rose Period (1905-1906): Once Picasso settled full-time in Paris and met his first love, his depression faded He started painting circus performers and acrobats Used soft pinks and warm earth colours Pablo Picasso
"Boy With A Pipe"
1905, Oil On Canvas Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso Negro Period (1907): Picasso started incorporating African masks into his art That same year he painted “Desmoiselles d’Avignon” Pablo Picasso
“Desmoiselles d’Avignon”
1907, Oil On Canvas Georges Braque 1882-1963 Braque was originally an impressionist, but then decided to switch to the Fauvist style Cézanne later influenced Braque away from Fauvism and into Cubism with Picasso Georges Braque
"Violin and Pitcher"
1910, Oil On Canvas Juan Gris 1887-1927 The Spanish artist Juan Gris is referred to as the “Third Musketeer of Cubism” He was born in Madrid and moved to Paris in 1906, where he met Picasso and Braque Juan Gris
"Portrait of Picasso"
1912, Oil On Canvas Cubism later influenced many other styles of modern art, including Futurism, Constructivism, and Expressionism Pablo Picasso
"Guernica"
1937, Oil On Canvas "Many people say they don't like my art because they don't understand it. Well, I don't understand Chinese, but that doesn't mean I don't like it." - Picasso
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