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US History-Unit 10 all

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guadalupe nieves

on 6 May 2013

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Transcript of US History-Unit 10 all

58,000 Casualties Vietnam: Consequences of War Paris Peace Agreement, 1973 1972 Election “Peace is at hand”
“Christmas bombings”
Hanoi, Haiphong Vietnam: End of War N. Vietnam would not negotiate
*Nixon appealed to the “Silent Majority” Problem #3 Negotiations Pentagon Papers Problem #2 Antiwar Movement
Invasion of Cambodia Kent State Problem #2 Anti-war Movement My Lai Massacre #1 Nguyen Van Thieu
# 2 Increased anti-war movement Problems with Vietnamization Vietnamization
Nixon & Henry Kissinger
...to expand, equip, and train
South Vietnam's forces
reducing the number of
U.S. combat troops

Negotiate
Bomb N. Vietnam Vietnam: 1969-1975 Nixon & Vietnam: 1969-1975 Economy
Government’s credibility / prestige
War Powers Act, 1973
Public support
Clear objective/strategy to win
Control of the media Vietnam: Consequences of War Terms of agreement
U.S. removed remaining troops
U.S. POWs repatriated
U.S. promised aid if N.V. tried to take over S. Vietnam

N. Vietnam defeats S. Vietnam 1975 Vietnam: Peace Agreement The New York Times said that the Pentagon Papers "demonstrated, among other things, that the Lyndon B. Johnson Administration had systematically lied, not only to the public but also to Congress, about a subject of transcendent national interest and significance" MAD Mutually Assured Destruction
SALT
ABM Nixon and Détente with USSR U.S. agreed to recognize China’s right to Taiwan, but unification w/o force Goal #1 Open Relations w/China Supported China’s replacement of Taiwan in the United Nations Goal #1 Open Relations w/China Goal #1 Open Relations w/China Trip to China
Met with Mao
Helped image during an election year
Develop trade with China
during a recession. Goals:
Open relations with China
Reduce Cold War tensions
with the Soviet Union
AKA-(Détente) Nixon, China, and Détente Nixon,
China,
&
Detente Played the “China Card” to promote better U.S.-Soviet relations Goal #1 Open Relations w/China No man is above the law
Constitution works! Lesson of Watergate Watergate Nixon ordered to give up tapes Downfall of Nixon Nixon offers edited transcripts of tapes
April ‘74 Downfall of Nixon Nixon hires Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox (May 1973)
Nixon fires Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox (October 1973) “Saturday Night Massacre” John Dean testimony (May 1973)
White House council Downfall of Nixon Woodward & Bernstein

Washington Post
Why?





Investigation Watergate Cover-up Watergate Plumbers Stop leaks Watergate Consequences
25 men went to jail
Ford pardoned Nixon
Government credibility?
Campaign Finance Law Watergate Impeachment ?
“Smoking Gun” Downfall of Nixon Discovery of tapes (July 1973)
Subpoenas tapes Downfall of Nixon Downfall of Nixon
Trial of Burglars (January 1973)
Burglar talks
Watergate Committee
Haldeman/Ehrlichman/Dean resign (April 1973) Watergate Break-May 1972
June 1972-EPIC FAIL

Why? Watergate Haldeman- Chief of Staff Ehrlichman-Assistant to president on domestic affairs Imperial Presidency Watergate Energy plan (Goals): to reduce dependence on foreign oil

Conservation
Increase domestic production
Alternative sources of fuel Energy Crisis Long-term impact of embargo

Sustained higher prices
Realization of America’s vulnerability and dependence on foreign oil Energy Crisis How the price of gas hit Batman Higher prices
($20/barrel to $30/barrel
($.30 to $.70) Shortages Short-term impact of embargo Energy Crisis Yom Kippur War
OPEC retaliation Energy Crisis Demand for oil increased while domestic production decreased Energy Crisis Debt 1970 1980 Great Society
Vietnam War Economic Conditions Unemployment
Increased foreign competition
Baby-boomers in work-force

“Stagflation” (infl. + unempl.) Economic Conditions $140 Inflation due to increased energy costs Economic Conditions Economic Decline of the 1970s ’09 deficit: $1.84 trillion $1 trillion Deficit Richard Nixon War Powers Act
Gerald Ford “China Card”
Jimmy Carter Détente
Ronald Reagan MAD/SALT/ABM
Henry Kissinger “Plumbers”
John Ehrlichman CRP
Bob Haldeman Saturday Night Massacre
John Dean “Smoking Gun”
Woodward/Bernstein Stagflation
Daniel Ellsberg Yom Kippur War/OPEC/Oil Embargo
Iranian Revolution
Foreign Leaders “Malaise” speech
Leonid Brehznev Camp David Accords
Menachem Begin Panama Canal Treaty
Anwar Sadat Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan Yasir Arafat PLO
Shah Pahlavi Iran Hostage Crisis
Ayatollah Khomeini

Vietnamization’
“Silent Majority”
My-Lai Massacre
Kent State
Pentagon Papers
Paris Peace Agreement, 1973 UNIT 10 REVIEW Made Carter & U.S. look weak

Major factor in Carter’s defeat for re-election

Hostages were released the day Reagan took office Iran Hostage Crisis 50 Americans held hostage

Demanded return of the Shah

Carter refused

Became a national obsession Iran Hostage Crisis Iranian
Revolution Ayatollah Khomeini toppled Shah Pahlavi Iran-Hostage Crisis, 1979-80 Yasir Arafat PLO increases terrorist attacks Reaction
Arab nations condemned Egypt
Sadat assassinated Camp David Accords Agreement
Egypt agreed to recognize Israel
Return of Sinai
Israel agreed to work toward Palestinian self-government Camp David Accords #2 Soviets invade Afghanistan, 1979
#3 Rejection of SALT II Treaty Collapse of Detente Collapse of détente

#1 Clash over “human rights.”
Soviet immigration vs. U.S. civil rights Carter & Foreign Policy Panama Canal Treaties Carter & Foreign Policy Return Panama in 2000
Conservatives fought treaty

Ronald Reagan
Carter’s defense of treaties Carter & Foreign Policy 1977-1980 Failed rescue attempt Khomeini would not negotiate Iran Hostage Crisis Arab demands:
Return Sinai

Palestinian homeland
Israeli demand:
Recognition
Camp David Accords Idi Amin Forest Whitaker Human Rights policy Carter & Foreign Polcy Section 1 Section 2 Section 3 Section 4 Section 5 Debt
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