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Manley & Marley SPR18

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Julie Jenkins

on 27 February 2018

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Transcript of Manley & Marley SPR18

1960s- highest income inequality in world
--political participation more equal, some social mobility
--but...majority excluded from control of economic resources or manufacturing/tourism industries.
-Black Power Movement among Middle-Class Intelligentsia
--Walter Rodney
--professor at University of West Indies
--advocated for working poor, critiques development via industrialization
--banned in 1968 by JLP Gov
--Rodney Riots/ October Revolution
1972- Michael Manley (PNP)
--alliance of lower class, rural peasantry, progressive middle-class
--used Rastafarian symbols within campaign

Affected by Oil Crisis of 1970s
--cost of oil rises from J$65 mil in 1973 to J$177 mil in 1974
--Bauxite declines production/export
-prices of staple food items increase
-decline in tourist industry
-International banks stop extending new loans
IMF loans $75 Million in 1977
--aim to recover economy to be able to re-pay existing debts
Structural Adjustment Loans (neo-liberal economic policies):
1. reduction of public spending (social programs, food subsidies)
2. currency devaluation
3. privatization of state enterprises (industry, water, electricity, phones)
4. reduction of wages to attract foreign investors
5. reduce export prices
6. trade liberalization (eliminate restrictions on imports)
Marley & Manley:
The Polytricks of the 1970s?

King argues that the Rastafari 'movement' was co-opted during the 1970s. Why? How?
"Haile Selasie I is our God; Henry Claudius is our King; Michael Manley is our Joshua"
(Henry Claudius)
You can't blame the youth
You can't fool the youth
You can't blame the youth
(Of today)
You can't fool the youth

You're teachin' youths to learn in school
That cow jump over moon
You're teachin' youths to learn in school
That the dish ran away with spoon

So you can't blame the youths
(When they don't learn)
You can't fool the youths
(Can't fool the youth)
You can't blame the youth
(Of today)
You can't fool the youth

You teach the youth about Christopher Columbus
And you said he was a very great man
You teach the youth about Marco Polo
And you said he was a very great man

You teach the youth about the pirate Hawkins
And you said he was a very great man
You teach the youth about the pirate Morgan
And you said he was a very great man

So you can't blame the youths
(Of today)
You can't fool the youths
You can't blame the youths
You can't fool the youths

All these great men were doin'
Robbin', rapin', kidnappin' and killin'
So called great men were doin'
Robbin', rapin', kidnappin'
So you can't blame the youths
You can't fool the youths
You can't blame the youth
(None at all)
You can't fool the youth

When every Christmas come
You buy the youth a pretty toy gun
When every Christmas come
You buy the youth a fancy toy gun

So you can't blame the youth
You can't fool the youths
You can't blame the youth
You can't fool the youths

But what was hidden from the wise and the prudent
Is now revealed to the babes and the sucklin's
What was hidden from the wise and the prudent
Now revealed to the babes and the sucklin'

Lord, call upon the youth
'Cause He know the youth is strong
Jah, Jah, call upon the youths
'Cause He know the youth is strong

So you can't blame the youth
You can't fool the youth
You can't blame the youth
(Save the children)
You can't fool the youth

Don't blame them, not their fault
"Revolution"

Revelation reveals the truth - revelation.
(revolution, revolution, revolution - oooo-doo-doo-doo-doo)
(revolution - oooo-doo-doo-doo-doo)

It takes a revolution (revolution) to make a solution;
(doo-doo-doo-doo)
Too much confusion (aaa-aaah), so much frustration, eh!
I don't wanna live in the park (live in the park);
Can't trust no shadows after dark (shadows after dark), yeah-eh!
So, my friend, I wish that you could see,
Like a bird in the tree, the prisoners must be free, yeah! (free)

Never make a politician (aaa-aaah) grant you a favour;
(doo-doo-doo-doo)
They will always want (aaa-aaah) to control you forever, eh!
(forever, forever)
So if a fire make it burn (make it burn, make it burn)
And if a blood make ya run (make ya run, run, run),
Rasta de 'pon top (aaa-aaah), can't you see? (doo-doo-doo-doo)
So you can't predict the flop. Eh-eh! (doo-doo-doo-doo)


We got lightning (lightning), thunder (thunder),
brimstone (brimstone) and fire - fire (fire, fire);
Lightning (lightning), thunder (thunder),
brr-brimstone (brimstone) and fire - fiyah - fire - fiyah!
(fire, fire)

Kill, cramp and paralyze all weak at conception;
(aaa-aaah, doo-doo-doo-doo)
Wipe them out of creation (creation), yeah-eah! (creation)
Wa-Jah, Jah, Jah! Wa-Jah, Jah, Jah! (creation)
Wa-Jah, Jah, Jah! (creation)

Oh! Let i'es is i'es (i'es), in i'es is black (i'es),
In i'es is red (i'es), in i'es is dread.

Let righteousness cover the earth
Like the water (aaa-aaah) cover the sea, yeah! Yeah!

Lightning (lightning), doo-doo-doo (thunder),
doo-doo-doo (brimstone), doo-doo-doo (fire, fire);
A lightning (lightning), thunder (thunder),
brimstone (brimstone) and fire.
No, Joshua, no
No, Joshua, no
No, Joshua, no
No, Joshua, no

You took them out of bondage and they thank you for it
You sung them songs of love and they try to sing with it
But now in the desert, are you battered and bruised?
They think they are forsaken, they think they have been used

Since you are my friend, Joshua
I think you should know, Joshua
Rasta is watching and blaming you

Since you are my friend, Joshua
I think you should know, Joshua
They say, you must forward and start anew

You know those who fought for you, you thank them for it
You led them across the Red Sea when fear of drown in it
But now in the jungle, you man, shout out, Lion
Older men are patient but they long for Zion

Since you are my friend, Joshua
I think you should know, Joshua
Rasta is watching and blaming you

Since you are my friend, Joshua
I think you should know, Joshua
They say, you must forward and start anew

No, Joshua, no
No, Joshua, no
No, Joshua, no
I say, no, Joshua, no

Since you are my friend, Joshua
I think you should know, Joshua
Rasta is watching and blaming you

Since you are my friend, Joshua
I think you should know, Joshua
They say, you must forward and start anew

You took them out of bondage and they thank you for it
You sung them songs of love and they try to sing with it
But now in the jungle, shouting, Lion
Older men are patient, but they long for Zion

Since you are my friend, Joshua
I think you should know, Joshua
Rasta is watching and blaming you, blaming you, blaming you

Since you are my friend, Joshua
I think you should know, Joshua
They say, you must forward and start anew

Since you are my friend, Joshua
Know, Joshua
Rasta is watching and blaming you

Since you are my friend, Joshua
I think you should know, Joshua
They say, you must
"Them Belly Full (But We Hungry)"
Marley

Na-na na na-na na na na;
Na-na na na-na na na na;
Na-na na na-na na na na;
Na-na na na-na na na na.

Them belly full, but we hungry;
A hungry mob is a angry mob.
A rain a-fall, but the dutty tough;
A yot a-yook, but d' yood no 'nough.

You're gonna dance to Jah music, dance;
We're gonna dance to Jah music, dance, oh-ooh!

Forget your troubles and dance!
Forget your sorrows and dance!
Forget your sickness and dance!
Forget your weakness and dance!
Cost of livin' gets so high,
Rich and poor they start to cry:
Now the weak must get strong;
They say, "Oh, what a tribulation!"
Them belly full, but we hungry;
A hungry mob is a angry mob.
A rain a-fall, but the dutty tough;
A pot a-yook, but d' yood* no 'nough.

We're gonna chuck to Jah music - chuckin';
We're chuckin' to Jah music - we're chuckin'.

A belly full, but them hungry;
A hungry mob is a angry mob.
A rain a-fall, but the dutty tough;
A pot a-cook, but d' food* no 'nough.
A hungry man is a angry man;
A rain a-fall, but the dutty tough;
A pot a-yook, but you no 'nough'
A rain a-fall, but the dutty tough.
A pot a-cook, but you no 'nough;
A hungry mob is a angry mob;
A hungry mob is a angry mob. /fadeout/
"Get Up, Stand Up"

Get up, stand up: stand up for your rights!
Get up, stand up: stand up for your rights!
Get up, stand up: stand up for your rights!
Get up, stand up: don't give up the fight!

Preacherman, don't tell me,
Heaven is under the earth.
I know you don't know
What life is really worth.
It's not all that glitters is gold;
'Alf the story has never been told:
So now you see the light, eh!
Stand up for your rights. Come on!

Get up, stand up: stand up for your rights!
Get up, stand up: don't give up the fight!
Get up, stand up: stand up for your rights!
Get up, stand up: don't give up the fight!

Most people think,
Great God will come from the skies,
Take away everything
And make everybody feel high.
But if you know what life is worth,
You will look for yours on earth:
And now you see the light,
You stand up for your rights. Jah!


Get up, stand up! (Jah, Jah!)
Stand up for your rights! (Oh-hoo!)
Get up, stand up! (Get up, stand up!)
Don't give up the fight! (Life is your right!)
Get up, stand up! (So we can't give up the fight!)
Stand up for your rights! (Lord, Lord!)
Get up, stand up! (Keep on struggling on!)
Don't give up the fight! (Yeah!)

We sick an' tired of-a your ism-skism game -
Dyin' 'n' goin' to heaven in-a Jesus' name, Lord.
We know when we understand:
Almighty God is a living man.
You can fool some people sometimes,
But you can't fool all the people all the time.
So now we see the light (What you gonna do?),
We gonna stand up for our rights! (Yeah, yeah, yeah!)

So you better:
Get up, stand up! (In the morning! Git it up!)
Stand up for your rights! (Stand up for our rights!)
Get up, stand up!
Don't give up the fight! (Don't give it up, don't give it up!)
Get up, stand up! (Get up, stand up!)
Stand up for your rights! (Get up, stand up!)
Get up, stand up! ( ... )
Don't give up the fight! (Get up, stand up!)
Get up, stand up! ( ... )
Stand up for your rights!
Get up, stand up!
Don't give up the fight! [fadeout]
Gotta find a solution to this pollution, wo oh oh.
Gotta find a solution to this pollution, yeah.
Gotta find a solution to this pollution, oh.
Gotta find a solution to this pollution.
The poor man a feel it, oh ah!
The poor man a feel it, yeah ah!
The poor man a feel it, oh ah!
The poor man feel it, yeah ah!

Gas gone up.
Bus fare gone up.
The rent gone up.
For meal gone up
Lighting gone up.
The tax gone up.
Car parts gone up.
And mi can't take the first law.

And there has -
Gotta find a solution to this pollution, yeah ah.
Gotta find a solution to this pollution!
Gotta find a solution to this pollution, wo oh oh oh.
Gotta find a solution to this pollution.
Only the poor man a feel it, yeah ah!
The poor man a feel it, oh ah!
The poor man feel it, stand up!
Only him feel it, yeah, ah!


Time gone up.
Scallion gone up.
Onion gone up.
Red beans gone up.
Black pepper gone up.
Chicken gone up.
And the parents them angry,
'Cause the pickney them hungry.

And there has -
Gotta be a solution to this pollution, right now, yeah.
Gotta find a solution to this pollution, promises won't help!
Gotta find a solution to this pollution, we've been waiting,
For a solution to this pollution.
Only the poor man a feel it, yeah ah!
Only them a feel it, oh ah!
Only the poor man a feel it, yeah ah!
Only him feel it, oh ah!
Only the poor man a feel it, every time!
Only the poor man a feel it, yeah ah..
Did commercialization through international reggae trivalize and degrade the Rastafari movement? Why are white American and British drawn to "rebel music"?
During the 50s & 60s- esp under Bustamante government, several mechanisms used to control Rastafari
state violence
use of laws against ganja
ideologies (& counterpersuasion)
"culturalist" explanations of poverty
"culturalist" explanations--
emphasis that poverty was rooted in 'culture', rather than examining ideologies of racism and how these are embedded within social institutions
-education, access to resources, access to political power
Thomas argues that the use of these reveals underlying assumptions about who was considered a part of the national body and who wasn't.
But..by late 60s, some shift in public perception of the Rasta and of African heritage more generally
Researchers from University of West Indies
Haile Selassie state visit in 1966

--"liberate" before "repatriate"
--vs. can't "develop" the "shit-system" of capitalism-- it can't become Zion
Social Reforms
--minimum wage
--free education through university
--subsidized meals/
transport for students
--literacy programs
--housing program
Economic Reforms
--Land distribution
--Nationalized banks, electricity
--bauxite levy
More economic mobility
--black entrepreneurship starts to take off
--able to receive loans
--migration of some upper/middle class to US
Themes from Life & Debt
The economic, political, and social effects of IMF loans
Tourism & privilege
Violence
What were some of the economic ramifications?
How did this affect the milk & banana industries?
What is the purpose of Free Trade Zones?
Is neo-liberal economic policies and debt regimes a form of neo-colonialism?
Peter Tosh
Max Romeo
Election of 1980- Seaga
--institutes more IMF conditions
-Farmers unable to compete
-businesses led by Afro- Jamaican declined
--cuts to health care, education, social programs
Peter Tosh
Full transcript