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The Golden Age Of Islam
Transcript of The Golden Age Of Islam
An important result of the trade and interaction that furthered the Golden Age of Islam was the learning of the Chinese paper making process. Paper spread quickly throughout the empire because this process was faster and easier than preparing parchment or papyrus. First Government offices used the paper and then it spread to the rest of the society Shops began to sell paper and books. Business was conducted using a form of credit that is equivalent to modern day checks.
Also another main part of their economy was the jizya or tax payed by non-muslims.
The term Golden Age refers to a period of great achievement and advances. The Muslim's holy book the Qur'an encourages Muslims to strive to learn as much as possible throughout their lives. Thus, they did not seek to destroy people and property in areas they conquered. The House of Wisdom, founded by Al-Ma'mun and built in Baghdad, attracted scholars from surrounding continents.Scholars preserved literature and works of history by patiently copying and translating works by Aristotle, Euclid, and other important thinkers of ancient Persia, Greece, and Rome. They also sought to understand the information and organize it into the teachings of Islam.
A JOURNEY THROUGH THE BEAUTIFUL GOLDEN AGE OF ISLAM!
Art in Islam's Golden Age consisted of floral or vine designs on pottery, textiles, paper manuscripts, and even buildings. This decoration was called arabesques. Geometric designs were important as well, and human figures weren't included because they were restricted by Muhammad's teachings.
In Islams golden age there were numerous intellectual advances in art, medicine, science, and literature. Many of the advances from this time are still used today!
The anatomy text of Al–Zahrawi was translated to Latin and became the standard medical text in Europe for centuries
Ibn Sina also wrote a medical textbook called Canon that had the same success. He is also famous for his encyclopedias of philosophy.
Al-Razi was the most famous doctor of the
Golden Age. He wrote about 200 books on medicine and diseases like small pox and
practiced at the famous Muqtadari Hospital
in Baghdad. Al–Razi experimented with
potential cures for ailments, including
using foods for healing. Hundreds of
hospitals were established the Islamic Empire
Science advanced greatly during the Golden Age. Arabic numerals and the idea of zero made Algebra possible.
Al–Khwarizmi wrote an algebra textbook that was the standard for centuries.
Ibn al–Haytham is credited in being the first scientist, he also conducted experiments that would inspire the process of the scientific method.
Some commonly known Arabian characters such as Aladdin are from a collection of short stories known as One Thousand and One Nights.
Rumi is one of the most famous poets of all time.Many of his poems expressed his love and devotion for his faith. Also calligraphers produced beautiful illuminated manuscripts of the Qur'an and other works!
Islamic architecture has complex designs. Patterns and arabesques appear on buildings just as they do in smaller artwork. The buildings tended to be simple on the outside but ornate from floor to ceiling inside. But buildings of great importance were decorated beautifully on the outside as well.
As the Abbasid armies continued to spread more groups of people came under Islamic control. Islamic law was universal throughout the empire. As the empire grew Arabic became the official language and as more people learned the language it became easier to communicate. Trade increased throughout the caliphate and beyond, with goods and information were traded over long distances. The empire didn't force anybody to convert to Muslim but a tax was placed on non-Muslims. So many who didn't want to pay this tax converted to Islamic faith.
I HOPE YOU HAVE ENJOYED AND LEARN SOMETHING NEW ABOUT THE GOLDEN AGE OF ISLAM!