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Pedagogy of the Oppressed
Transcript of Pedagogy of the Oppressed
In the banking concept of education, knowledge is a gift bestowed by those who consider themselves knowledgeable upon those whom they consider to know nothing.
Education thus becomes an act of depositing, in which the students are the depositories and the teacher is the depositor.
The banking concept of education regards people as adaptable, manageable beings.
The teacher chooses the program content, and the students (who were not consulted) adapt to it;
The teacher confuses the authority of knowledge with his/her own professional authority which he/she sets in opposition to the freedom of the students;
The teacher chooses and enforces his choice, and the students comply;
The teacher acts and the students have the illusion of acting through the action of the teacher;
Sooner or later students may perceive the contradiction in which banking education seeks to maintain them, and then engage themselves in the struggle for their liberation.
"His efforts must be imbued with a profound trust in people and their creative power" (p.75).
Attitudes and practices in the banking education concept include the following:
Man creates himself through words, actions and reflections; therefore, dialogue is the key element in learning.
Do not encourage people to adapt to a new way of life -
without understanding their historical demands.
Construct new and appropriate conditions through critical thought.
Build spaces and opportunities for liberation and overturn oppression through conscious action.
Integrate oneself into the life of the individual - to study his language, practice and thought.
Topics for learning can be found in the individual.
Go to the place where the individuals whom we want to liberate are located and study their thinking.
Individuals need to construct their own ideas and transform them through praxis and communication.
Search for your highest level of possible consciousness.
The teachers make deposits which the students patiently receive, memorize and repeat.
"Human activity consists of action and
reflection: it is praxis;
it is transformation of the world" (p.125).
or activism" (p. 125).
"It cannot . . . be reduced to either verbalism
"The oppressed must participate in the revolutionary process with an increasingly critical awareness of their role as Subjects of the transformation" (p. 127).
"The revolution is made neither by the leaders for the people, nor by the people for the leaders,
but by both acting together in unshakable solidarity" (p. 129).
Do not doubt the people;
they are not ignorant.
Instead, engage in dialogue with them.
Silence, suppression or withholding serves oppression.
Communication serves liberation.
"To the oppressed,
and to those who suffer with them
and fight at their side"
Characteristics of antidialogicity:
Divide & Rule
Characteristics of dialogicity include: