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Rigor in Research: Part I
Transcript of Rigor in Research: Part I
Performing a Search
There are many different search engines available to us. They are all pretty similar in which the way they search, but each one has it's own unique qualities as far as displaying the results. http://www.thesearchenginelist.com/ is a comprehensive list of search engines and is organized by type.
Assessing the Search Results
If your search results don't seem very good, you may need to try different search terms. Remember, the search engine can't read your mind; it just looks for matching words. For example, if you just search for the word polish, the search engine doesn't know whether you're looking for shoe polish or a history of the Polish language!
You could improve your search results by searching for shoe polish. However, that still may return a wide variety of web sites, such as:
Stores that sell shoe polish
Guides on how to polish shoes
The history of shoe polish
And probably much more
To get the best results, ask yourself: What exactly am I looking for? Specific terms usually return better results.
Improving Your Searches
Take Suggestions (similar to related searches)
Search Phrases (use quotations "")
Exclude Phrases (use a -hyphen or NOT)
Use OR (to include on or the other words in your search)
Use AND (to include both words in your search)
With a partner, using either an iPad or your Smart Phone, do the following search. Please be prepared to explain how you arrived at your search destination!
Find a video about Guitars! Remember to use a filetype and if you want to narrow it even further, use a host with a web extension!
You have about 3 minutes to complete this search!
Search Engines and Strategies
With billions of web pages on the World Wide Web, how can you find exactly what you're looking for? By using a search engine.
Search engines are specialized web sites that help you find what you're looking for on the Web. All you have to do is type in one or more keywords, and the search engine will look for matching web sites from all over the Web.
Basic Search Strategies Video
Many browsers have a built-in search bar, located to the right of the address bar. To do a search, just type what you're looking for (known as the search terms) in the search bar, and then press Enter. Your browser will then take you to the search engine's web site to show you the search results, which is a list of all of the web sites that contain your search terms.
Using the Search Bar
A search engine will often recommend related searches that may be more specific than the search terms you used. Related searches are usually listed at the bottom of the page. Bing also lists them to the left of the search results.
Search engines may include advertisements along with the search results. These ads are picked by the search engine based on your search terms, and they look a lot like the actual search results. While they may be useful in some cases, it's usually more effective to focus on the "regular" search results.
Google puts its ads at the top and to the right of the search results.
You can search using the host: command within Google (i.e. “cancer research” + host:gov) and you can extend that to search and narrow results for a particular domain name, country, and so forth. Going global with host: command searches enables you to see the difference in search results based on the “perspective of that country” and not just the top ten results that you might get from a simple Google search!
Search by Filetype
Similar to that of the host search you can also search by filetype: (ex. filetype:video Romeo and Juliet). Searching by filetype will ONLY bring up that specific type of file in your search. You can narrow it down even further by adding a host to it (ex. filetype:video Romeo and Juliet + host:.edu)
.org – organization
.com – company
.sch – school (used outside of US)
.k12 – most but not all US schools
.edu – US higher education (http://www.usask.edu/ is redirected to http://www.usask.ca/)
.gov – US government (add country code for outside US)
.ac – academic (higher ed outside US, usually used with country code, i.e. “ac.uk”
.net – network
The Correct Answer Is...
Third Article from Dr. Karl’s Great Moments in Science
Date of article, June 2, 2006
States that Charles Vacanti grew the ear.
Joseph Vacanti is his brother who wrote the research.
(This one is harder!)
Again, with your partner and preferred technology, search for the answer to the following question!!
Have you heard or read about the research concerning a human ear growing on a mouse?
Who grew the ear?
Be prepared to discuss how you arrived at your search destination!!!