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Cocktails and Distilled Spirits

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Farrah Jane Mariano

on 4 September 2012

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Transcript of Cocktails and Distilled Spirits

By: Chef Jason Cocktails & Distilled Spirits A cocktail is an alcoholic mixed drink that contains two or more ingredients—at least one of the ingredients must be a spirit.
It now means almost any mixed drink that contains alcohol. A cocktail today usually contains one or more kinds of spirit and one or more mixers, such as soda or fruit juice. Additional ingredients may be sugar, honey, milk, cream, and various herbs. What is a Cocktail? People have been mixing drinks for centuries but it wasn't until the 17th and 18th centuries that the precursors of the Cocktail (the Slings, Fizzes, and Juleps) became popular enough to be recorded in history.

Cocktails were originally a morning beverage, and the cocktail was the name given as metaphor for the rooster (cocktail) heralding morning light of day.
A popular story behind the Cocktail name refers to a rooster's tail (or cock tail) being used as a Colonial drink garnish.

The word could also be a distortion of Latin [aqua] decocta, meaning "distilled water". Base

Each drink has a major
alcoholic ingredient, or
base, usually a spirit. Basic Cocktail Ingredients Liqueurs are used in addition to the base spirits as flavoring agents that contain alcohol and are often added to cocktails. Liqueurs Mixers are the non-alcoholic
ingredients in mixed drinks and
cocktails. There are many reasons
mixers are used. They change or
enhance flavors or add new ones
to a drink. Mixers dilute the
drink,lowering the alcohol by
volume in the drink. They may make the drink sweeter, more sour, or more savory. Some mixers change the texture or consistency of the drink, making it thicker or more watery. Drink mixers may also be used strictly for decorative purposes by changing the color or appearance of the drink. Mixers Use fresh fruit for your garnishes. Again, it depends on what you plan to make, but this will prepare you for most cocktails. Sugar and salt are necessary if you like the effect of rimmed glasses for drinks like Margaritas. Garnishes Fruit Garnishes

The most common garnishes include fruits such as:

Limes
Oranges
Lemons
Cherries
Pineapples
Exotic Fruits
Apples
Kiwi
Melon
Grapefruit Types of Garnishing Olives
Cocktail Onions
Celery Stalk
Berries
Raisins
Cherry Tomato
Mint
Avocado
Cucumber Other drinks require of more elaborated
garnishes: All kinds of fruits are used to garnish cocktails. Depending on the basic flavor, you can create your own style using a fruit or element.

Chocolate: powder, chopped, grated, etc
Coffee: powder, beans, etc
Nutmeg: ground cinnamon: powder, sticks Cocktails accessories are also available and give your drinks a fun and attractive look, some of them include:

Cocktail Umbrellas
All kinds of colors and decoration pick umbrellas. Cocktail Accessories Always fresh and good
looking for those exotic
cocktails. Flowers Swizzle Sticks or
Stirrers Cocktail Flags, Picks and Straws Build

Building means to pour the ingredients on top
of one another in the serving glass. This is
usually done in the sequence the ingredients
are listed in the cocktail recipe. Methods and Techniques in Mixing Cocktails Put the ingredients in a bar glass
or bottom part of a cocktail
shaker, with ice if required. Stir
gently with a bar spoon until
the ingredients are well mixed.
Strain the contents into the glass. Stir Put the ingredients (usually with ice)
in the cocktail shaker, close the lid and
shake vigorously for about 10 to 20
seconds. This is what you do when
someone orders a cocktail “shaken,
not stirred”. This is one of the most
frequently used techniques in cocktail
mixing. Shake This is done with an electric cocktail blender.
Place the ingredients in the blender. If you
need to add ice, use crushed ice to minimize
the strain on the blender’s blades. Start on a
slow speed and gradually increase it. Blend
for about 10 seconds or until the blend is
smooth. Blend This involves pouring ingredients on top of one another using a bar spoon so that they don’t mix. This is a technique commonly used in mixing shooters. It might be slightly challenging at first. So, expect a flop or two before perfecting it. Layering Wet the rim of the glass by dipping it in a saucer with water or egg white or by running a slice of fruit (like lemon) along the rim. Then dip it in a saucer with sugar or salt (in the case of Margaritas) to give it a frosted effect around the rim. Frosting A distilled beverage, spirit, or liquor is an alcoholic beverage containing ethanol that is produced by distilling (i.e., concentrating by distillation) ethanol produced by means of fermenting grain, fruit, or vegetables. Distilled Spirits Simple Distillation

Simple distillation is practiced for a mixture in which the boiling point of the components differ by at least 70° C. It is also followed for the mixtures contaminated with nonvolatile particles (solid or oil) and those that are nearly pure with less than 10 percent contamination. Distillation is the process of purification of compounds based on their volatility. Different types of distillation are simple, fractional, steam, vacuum and short path distillation. Those mixtures, in which the volatility of the components is nearly similar or differs by 25° C (at 1 atmosphere pressure), cannot be separated by simple distillation. In such cases, fractional distillation is used whereby the constituents are separated by a fractionating column. Fractional Distillation Steam distillation is used for the purification of mixtures, in which the components are temperature or heat sensitive; for example, organic compounds. Steam Distillation Vacuum Distillation Vacuum distillation is a special method of separating compounds at pressure lower than the standard atmospheric pressure. Vacuum distillation is best suited for separation of compounds with higher boiling points (more than 200°C), which tend to decompose at their boiling temperature. Similar to vacuum type, the pressure is maintained below the atmospheric pressure. Short path distillation is used for the separation of organic compounds with high molecular weight, especially in the pharmaceutical industries. Short Path Distillation Whiskey - made from different fermented
grain varieties such as including barley,
malted barley, rye, malted rye, wheat, and
corn. Classification of Distilled Spirits Vodka - made by the distillation of fermented substances such as grains, potatoes, or sometimes fruits and/or sugar. Gin - derives its predominant flavor
from juniper berries
(Juniperus communis). Tequila - made from the blue
agave plant Brandy - is also produced from
fermented fruits other than
grapes Rum - made from sugarcane byproducts
such as molasses, or directly from
sugarcane juice A liqueur is an alcoholic beverage made from distilled alcohol that has been flavored with fruit, cream, herbs spices, flowers or nuts and bottled with added sugar. Liqueur 1. White Castle Calibre 69 Whisky Locally Produced Distilled Spirits 2. GSM Blue Gin Coconut Vodka/Lambanog -
Lambanog is an alcoholic drink
made from the distilled sap of
the unopened coconut flower
thus others call this as coconut vodka. 3. Cossack Vodka 5. Emperador Brandy 4. Tanduay Rhum 65 6. El hombre Tequila
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