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Chocolate

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Alaka Deshpande

on 7 November 2013

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Transcript of Chocolate

Chocolate
Major Materials
Th major materials in chocolate include:
Chocolate liquor (liquid made from cocoa beans)
Sugar
Vanilla
Milk
Cocoa butter
Importance of Materials
Most of the ingredients in chocolate contribute to it's flavor and taste. Chocolate is originally very bitter, so sugar and vanilla enhance it to give it sweetness. Cocoa Butter plays an important role in chocolate, because it holds it together gives it a smooth texture and consistency.
Function
Chocolate is used mainly as a confection and in candy. It comes in many forms, shapes, and sizes. It's a very popular treat worldwide. Chocolate is also a flavoring in baked goods and desserts, like cake, cookies, and brownies. Cocoa butter, the fat from the cocoa bean, is used in some cosmetics and ointments. When cocoa beans are being processed, the shells are removed from the bean, and these shells are usually used as fertilizer or mulch.
History
Timeline of Chocolate Events:

Origin of raw material
citations
"How Chocolate is made- material, manufacture, making, history, used processing, product, material" Advameg inc: Web: 26 Oct 2013
"Ghirardelli- Premium Chocolate and Chocolate Gifts: Ghirardelli Chocolate Company: 2013: Web: 26 Oct 2013
Morganelli, Adrianna. The biography of Chocolate. New York:Crabtree Publishing, 2006. Print.
Origin: Amazon in South American forest approximately 4000 years ago
600 AD: First cocoa plantation
established in Yucatan by the Mayans
1000: Central Americans begin using cocoa beans as currency
1502:First European contact with chocolate
at this point, chocolate only in drink form
1770: Chocolate popularizes.
Chocolate Houses began popping up in England to compete with
coffee houses
1828: Cocoa powder invented
Coenraad Van Houton, Dutch chemist, learns to remove cocoa butter
from chocolate liquor to produce a powder form
1848: Eatable Chocolate invented
John and Benjamin Cadbury and Joseph Fry added cocoa butter and sugar to chocolate, which
created a confection
!875: Milk chocolate invented
Daniel Peter and Henry Nestle add powdered milk to
chocolate
Today: Chocolate is a multi-billion dollar industry and among the most popular confections in the world.
Beans are cut off trees and beans inside are removed
Beans are left to sun dry for several days
Heating kills the bean's embryo and begins decomposition of the bean's cell walls
Remaining pulp is cleaned off
Beans are bagged and sold to chocolate maker
When they each the chocolate maker, they are roasted. Roasting triggers browning, which combines chemicals and flavor
It also makes shells come off, which exposes the meat of the bean (called nibs)
Roasted nibs are crushed and refined and ground into small pieces
They are conched- grounded and agitated in large open vaults. This is when other ingredients like sugar and vanilla are added
Poured into molds of desired shape, cooled, cut, and wrapped
The main raw material in chocolate is cocoa beans. This is how they're processed into chocolate.

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