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WWII, Anne Frank, and Georgia
Transcript of WWII, Anne Frank, and Georgia
EQ: How does WWII, Anne Frank, and Georgia connect?
By: Victoria Lam
Anne Frank = WWII
Because of WWII and Adolf Hitler, Anne Frank died like many Jews during WWII in a concentration camp. She died only based on the fact that she was Jewish.
WWII = Georgia
Many places in Georgia produced items and supplies needed for the war, and places like Fort Benning (the largest infantry camp in the world) trained soldiers and held POWs during the war. Places like Bell Aircraft Company and Savannah and Brunswick also produced military ships and bombers such as the B-29.
Georgia = Anne Frank
About 320,000 soldiers who resided in Georgia served in the war and helped release survivors in the concentration camps. Otto Frank, Anne's father, was one of the survivors, but unfortunetly, Anne was not one of them.
A brief look at WWII (1939-1945):
-One of the most destructive wars of history
-Started when Germany invaded Poland; Britain and France (both allies and known as the Allied Powers) declared war on Germany
-Germany also had allies which were Japan, Itay, and the Soviets who called themselved the Axis Powers
-The U.S. and President Roosevelt attempted to keep out of the war and maintain a policy of isolation, but Roosevelt knew that the people could not keep neutral in their minds, so he prepared for war
-After watching the struggles of the Allied Powers and watching Germany betray the Soviets, U.S. decided something should be done, and they made the Lend-Lease Act where they had sent supplies over to Britain and to to the Soviets.
-Germany was offended and took this as a threat
Japan Seals the Deal:
The U.S. had always had edgy relationships with Japan, especially after Japan started invading other countries starting with the Invasion of Manchurian in 1931. U.S. eventually stopped trading with Japan, limiting their resources, making Japan absolutely furious.
On January 7, 1941, the day the President called "a day that will live in infamy,Japanese bombers had attacked a Navy Port at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. It was an unexpected attacK.
Shortly after the attack, U.S. declared war on Japan, which meant they declared war on Germany and Italy as well.
After overthrowing Italy's dictator (which had regained power shortly after), and the invasion of D-Day occured, Germany gave a final push and failed. On May 8, 1945, Germany surrendered,and Hitler, Germany's dictator, committed suicide along with his newly-wed wife.
JAPAN AND THE A-BOMB
Though Germany surrendered,Japan refused to. After Roosevelt died, Vice President, Harry Truman took over,and discovered the Manhattan Project, which project led by Robert Oppenheimer that was fixed on the development on the atomic bomb. When Japan refused to surrender, Truman sent soldiers to invade Japan (they had gotten to the homeland by island hopping). After suffering numerous casualties, Japan still would not surrender. Truman had then turned to the Atomic bomb and gave permission for the usage. At first, Truman warned Japan, but there was no response. On August 6, 1945, Enola Gay, the first bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan. 140,000 were killed, and many died later from the radiation. There were birth defect shortly after as well, and it became one of the most horrific events in history. U.S. again warned Japan, but there was no response. Three days later, another bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, Japan. The effects were horrifying, similar to Hiroshima. Six days later, Japan surrenders. The war really was over, now.
(Top, left) Effects of the atomic bomb on Japan
(Above) One of the Atomic Bombs
(Bottom, left) A photograph of a group of soldiers during the D-Day invasion
Notable people during the war included the President of the United States, President Roosevelt, who had led the U.S. throughout most of the war, Vice-President Truman, who had gave permission to drop the Atomic bomb, Joseph Stalin, the dictator of the Soviet Union, Emperor Hirohito, emperor of Japan, Adolf Hitler, dictator of Germany, and Mussolini, dictator of Italy.
Sides to Be Wary of:
Axis Powers: Germany, Japan, Italy, and the Soviet Union (initially –they switched sides during the war)
Allied Powers: U.S., Britain, France, and the Soviet Union (after they switched sides)
Georgia helped out with the war as much as anyone did. Georgia had about 320,000 in the war. Georgia also had factories and mills switch to making specific items for the war such as uniforms. Farms also helped out by growing more crops for the war.
More Specific and Significant Places...
More specifically, however, there were camps that trained soldiers such as Fort Benning (the largest infantry camp in the world), Fort Oglethorpe, Fort Gordon, Camp Stewart, and Camp Wheeler. They also carried all sorts of POWs during the war, which were treated under the Rules of Geneva Convention (which actually made being a POW almost nice in a way considering the almost great conditions they had).
Bell Aircraft Company in Marietta, Georgia had made B-29 bombers (the largest bomber in the U.S.) during the war, and in Savannah and Brunswick, “Liberty Ships” were built to transport supplies. Other places in Georgia that contributed to the war included airfields such as Hunter Air Field, Warner’s Robins Airfield, and Marietta Army Airfield.
A photograph of workers working in Bell Aircraft Company
Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889 to April 30, 1945): How did he rise to power?
A few years before WWII, Hitler slowly climbed up to power as head of the Nazi group. He blamed Jews for Germany’s problems created by WWI and the Treaty of Versailles. Then, he started speaking to other people in crowds. He was a very influential speaker, and people were easily swung his way. People liked him and agreed with him. In fact, they liked him so much, he became dictator of Germany.
During the war, Jews were prosecuted in many ways. At first, Jews were allowed to live in cities, but they had limited rights and were often harassed and even beaten by other Germans and Nazi followers. Jews had to wear yellow stars to distinguish themselves from others, and they could no longer go to public places they once could go to. Then, the prosecution turned very dangerous for Jews. The Nazis would take Jews away from their homes to concentration camps where families were often separated.
The concentration camps were places where they were forced to work and had little to eat. It was worse than ghettos due to its harsh conditions and cramped housing. In concentration camps, some Jews died by exhaustion or disease, but some others would die by gassing. The Nazis would gather Jews into rooms thought to be showers. Some Jews would be relatively excited to take a shower for not being able to take one was very uncomfortable, but some were scared to go near the rooms. After a while in the showers, the Nazis would release gasses inside. The bodies of the Jews would be burnt inside large ovens. For some unlucky Jews, they’d be gassed immediately after arriving at the camp because they seemed unfit to work. One of the most terrible of all the camps was Auschwitz, where the most Jews had died in.
Several men in the concentration camp
Several children in the concentration camp
Anne Frank was a Jewish girl born on June 12, 1929. She had always loved to write and was fairly popular at school. She was an ordinary girl with a family consisting of Edith Frank, Otto Frank, and Margot Frank.
(Top,Left) A photograph of Anne Frank
(Bottom,Left) A photograph of Margot Frank
(Top,Right) A photograph of Otto Frank
(Bottom,Right)A photograph of Edith Frank
Hiding and Writing:
Margot Frank is called one day to be sent to a labor camp, the Franks immediately go into hiding in the secret annex in Opekta, Otto Frank’s workplace on July 5, 1942. Otto Frank’s co-workers including Miep Gies help the Franks hide as well as supply them with their needs. They lived in a cramp attic also with four other roommates. Still, Anne continued to write in her diary though she anticipated the day the invasion would come to Germany and despised being quiet for most of the day. In her diary, she wrote all sorts of her feelings, and according to Otto Frank, it made him see a different side of her. And despite the constant fear they all had of being found, they learned to have fun once in a while.
(Right) A family photograph of the Franks
(Bottom)The Secret Annex, Otto's Opekta business place, they all hid in
Discovered! and Taken
Unfortunately, on August 4, 1944, someone had betrayed them, and the Nazis came and arrested Anne and her family. She leaves her diary behind to which Meip Gies saves. In the camp, she is separated from all of her family except Margot. In March 1945 (date could not be found), she died of typhus shortly after Margot died.
Memory Cranny: Otto Frank, the
Survivor, and the Diary:
After forces discover and aid survivors of the concentration camps, everyone in the Annex is found dead except for Otto Frank. He is the only survivor, and when he returns, Meip returns him Anne’s diary. In the diary, he reads with tears that Anne would’ve liked for her diary to be published. After much hesitation and thought, he grants her wishes and published the diary.
(Left) Otto Frank before the war
(Right) Otto Frank after the war
Anne's Diary: Why is it so famous?
Anne Frank’s diary became very famous. It was a historical documentary, a piece from a girl that was living during the holocaust. Many other survivors have also told their story, but why is this one so famous? It was because it was from a young girl that despite the hard times, kept faith and hope. She continued to dream and believe. Though she knew of the horrors of the events that were occurring, she still looked for the better of things. For that, Anne Frank’s diary has become an inspiration that has been read over and over throughout the world.
(Top,Left) The outside of Anne's diary
(Top,Right) Anne's diary displayed at the Anne Frank Museum in Amsterdam
(Bottom,Left) A photograph of Anne writing in her diary
After the discovery of the Holocaust, the world including Georgia was shocked, and the U.S. rethought their policy of being isolated. The U.S. finally descided to become involved more with other countries and setted up the United Nations to prevent another terrible World War. Currently, it seems to be working well.