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BTEC Health & Social stages of development

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Rebecca Harrison

on 18 October 2016

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Transcript of BTEC Health & Social stages of development

During the next 2 lessons..

You will be learning
about the



development of the Infant stages of development for Infancy 0-2years .
You will be able to explain
these areas of development and give examples of each.
objectives of the lesson
Growth = the increase in
of the body -

and other measurable areas.

Development = the gaining of skills in all
aspects of a child's life
Starter Activity
Quiz your partner on the stages of human development.
BTEC LEVEL 2 Health & Social Care
What do you think these letters stand for?



Areas of development
We will be learning about these areas in depth over the next few weeks...
In pairs using the A3 paper provided please devise a table/chart or graph that demonstrates the height of each person in the room. There are tape measures/rulers/ pens available for you to use.

You have 20 minutes to complete this task
Paired task
This refers to the body increasing in skill and performance and includes 'gross' and 'fine motor' development
This is learning the skills of understanding, memory and concentration
This is about the development of a child's identity, self image and how they feel about themselves and others
This is about the development of learning social skills and learning to live in society with other people
Growth is the very visible increase in the size of a child..
Principles of development
There are 3 basic principles of human development:

1. Development starts from the head and works down the body
2. All development happens in the same order BUT can occur at different rates
3. All areas of development are linked together
Extension activity:
What is a percentile chart?
Lesson 3
Arrival activity:

Please complete the matching activity

Please share your group presentations...
Paired assessment task
Working with a partner please complete the task sheet provided and hand in at the end of the lesson
Discuss with a partner.

Try to think of 2 ways that we grow
The physical changes that happen in infancy can be split into
Gross motor
skills mean that the infant can start to control the
larger muscles
of the body

Try to link gross with big –
Gross = big!

Q. What GROSS motor skills can you think of?
TASK- complete the table of motor skills and identify each as gross or fine.
Try to identify as many
Fine Motor
skills as you can.
Intellectual Development
This is about thinking and the way the mind works.
1. At birth babies communicate mainly through sound.
2. Then smiles and noises become the main way to communicate with parents / carers.
Try to think of 3 reasons
Up to 6 months- happy who holds them
7-12 months - build strong bond with main carer- usually mother
12 months + start to bond with other people.
Social Development
Watch these two clips and see if you can find any
How are they playing?

A great deal of social learning comes through play. In early infancy
children play alone
, but as they grow they start to
play first alongside others,
and eventually
with others
, and start to learn about the process of sharing.
- only seeing things form your own view point.
Emotional Development
3 – 8 YEARS

Why do children have temper tantrums?
1. Between the ages of 3-8 children start to learn to handle their emotions.

2. They learn to say how they are feeling, happy/sad

3. They will become less
EGOCENTRIC - can start to think about others feelings.

4. Become more independent

5. Most emotional responses are learned from those
that care for us. (Role models)

Early Childhood.

Between 3 and 8 children begin to widen their social group and form friendships with others.

Gradually as they get older they realise they
to co-operate with others. - share

By the age of 8, children will usually have a number of friends and often a “best friend”.

Social development

3 –8 years

By the age of 8, they will engage in quite complex games, often requiring the use of imagination.


Later adulthood 65+

In later adulthood people often find that they have more
time on their hands
. Improvements in medical treatment mean that many people can expect to
live into their 80's
Some of the
older generation continue to work well into their 70’s.

The ageing process at this age is clear to see.
Skin is thinner
Joints stiffer
Muscles weaker
Bones more brittle
Less mobile
Can involve the loss of skills and physical capabilities.
However, older people can still be active and may have more time to exercise.

Physical Development

speed of thinking and short term memory might decline
, it is thought that intelligence stays the same.
Many older people are
keen to learn new things and develop knowledge and keep brains active
They may travel or learn a new language
Some older people may
experience dementia as they age and it is more common now as more people live longer on average.

Intellectual Development

Later adulthood offers the
opportunity to spend more quality time with family and friends
people like seeing children and grandchildren
Things are taken at a steadier pace – more time can be spent
developing closer relationships
with family and friends.
This can help people feel contentment and happiness.

Emotional Development

It is this stage people
often lose their partner and friends as they die.
This can be distressing and hard to cope with
support of family, other friends and neighbours can be really important
at this stage to make sure the person does not
feel isolated and lonely

Emotional development continued......

Later adulthood is often split into two parts.
The first stage 65 – 75 and the second 75 plus.
During the first stage people still tend to be very active and often have a busy social life.
They are often ‘on the go’ and say they don’t know how they managed to fit work in when they are younger.
As people age
beyond 75 they tend to slow down, but this does not mean that they socialise any less. It just means the type of social life they have may be different.

Social Development

Task 1- What physical changes can you see in these two images?
Task 2- What differences can you see in how these men are walking?
Watch the clip, what does the lady try to do that seems strange to you?
Dementia- an illness that affects the brain and memory. It make you gradually lose the ability to think and behave normally.
Bonding and attachment are different

Bonding is the binding love that a parent may feel for their infant
, beginning even before he or she is born.

It is an
intense emotional connection
that the parent feels for the baby.

Some parents feel this straight away and others take time to get to know their baby.

Parents usually have a special quiet time together with their baby immediately after birth in order to promote the process of bonding.

'Attachment' refers to the enduring
'tie' of affection
that the
baby develops towards their main carers,
usually their parents.
Babies begin to build an attachment to familiar carers who respond to their day-to-day physical and emotional needs.

• When a parent comforts their baby, they are letting them know that they care about them.

•Babies who form strong bonds are better at developing trusting relationships.

• Attachment enables the baby to feel safe.

This is Ben he's 6 years old.
He lives with his mum and Dad and older sister Tamara in Crawley
Lets look at what is happening to Ben development.
Physical Development.
motor skills do you think Ben may have developed?
This clip will demonstrate the development should
already have taken
place now Ben is 6.

• By the age of 5 most children can walk up stairs unaided, can hold a crayon or a pencil to draw or write.

• By the ages of 8 children learn to catch and throw, develop a good sense of balance and can use a bat and ball

Task- brain storm!
and g
motor skills do you think Ben will have developed now he's 6?
Other examples... Fine Motor Skills
Gross Motor skills
New skills
Skills that have improved.
Intellectual development 3-8 years
Starting school will have a big impact on intellectual development.

- Interest in reading and writing develops

- Children see things from others perspectives but still mainly concentrate on themselves

- Language develops very quickly and a wide vocabulary is used.

- They have a sense of past, present and future.

-Moral development starts to develop- knowing right from wrong.

-They learn to behave by watching others and asking questions.

- They tend to copy behaviour – this is why it is important
that children have important role models in their lives.

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