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Car Idling

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by

Phebe Davis

on 16 February 2015

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Transcript of Car Idling

Effects on People
Kids inhale 50% more air per kilogram of body weight than adults
Adults who are outside more and live in heavy traffic areas are at greater risk
As seniors age, their lungs and immune system deteriorate
Where Do We Go From Here?
Awareness
Introduce campaign through morning announcements, Mustang Express, social media
Implementation
Post more No Idling signs
Collect pledge cards
Data Collection
Designate patrol team to hand out "tickets"
Collect new set of data monthly
Car Idling
Background
General Car Exhaust
50% of the air pollution in the nation caused by mobile sources
Linked to 200,000 early deaths in United States per year
2011: Charlotte = 10th smoggiest city for second year in a row
Observations
Students parking and inviting friends
Parents idling while child is dropped off
Findings
After timing 100 random cars' idling times in the parking lots in the morning:
MEAN: 3 min 35 sec
MEDIAN: 2 min 25 sec
MODE: 15 sec
ST DEV: 3 min 53 sec




Factors That May Have Affected Results
Gas prices
Time of day
Time of year
Construction
Buses
Source: http://www.epa.gov/otaq/consumer/420f08025.pdf

MYERS PARK PUTS OUT:
With outliers:
– Avg = 207.6 sec (~3 min 27 sec)
• VOC: 0.156 g * 780 = 121.68 g per morning
• THC: 0.183 g * 780 = 142.74 g per morning
• CO: 4.107 g * 780 = 3203.46 g per morning

Without outliers:
– Avg = 182.7835 sec (~3 min 3 sec)
• VOC: 0.137 g * 780 = 106.86 g per morning
• THC: 0.161 g * 780 = 125.58 g per morning
• CO: 3.616 g * 780 = 2820.48 g per morning

(Data based on
EPA Average Emission Rates
)
How this relates to Myers Park as a whole...
Improvements?
YES.
Problem:

1) Human error timing multiple cars at once.

2) Intervals to compensate for timing multiple cars at once

3) Experiment only includes cars in the morning

4) Only able to sample 100 cars
Solution:

1) Time one car at a time

2) Have smaller intervals (made easier by timing only one car at a time) or no intervals

3) Redesign lab to include the afternoon traffic and buses

4) Do lab over 2 months and measure the idling time of every car in every parking space
So what?
HEALTH IMPACT
Volatile Organic Compound (VOC):
Eye/respiratory irritation, headaches, dizziness

Carbon Monoxide (CO):
Trouble breathing because of carboxyhemoglobin (EPA)

Total Hydrocarbon (THC:)
cancer-causing, helps form ground-level ozone

Particulate Matter (PM):
(builds up over time) severe asthma, lung cancer, birth defects

Evaluation
What we learned:
severity of the effects of car pollution
problem is legitimate in school zones
predicted amount of harmful gases emitted at Myers Park
Questions we still have:
statistical analysis of long term effects
how much Myers Park directly affects the health of its students compared to the effects of normal city pollution
how much more pollution would be added if bus idling, parents dropping kids off, and pollution output in the afternoon were taken in account
Bibliography:
"Air Pollution Impacts on Infants and Children, UCLA Institute of the Environment and Sustainability." Air Pollution Impacts on Infants and Children. UCLA Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2014. <http://www.environment.ucla.edu/reportcard/article1700.html>.

"The Harmful Effects of Vehicle Exhaust." EHHI ::. Environment and Human Health, n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2014. <http://www.ehhi.org/reports/exhaust/summary.shtml>

"Air Pollutants and Your Health." Air Pollutants and Your Health. Santa Barbara County Air Pollution Control District, 2009. Web. 13 Jan. 2014. <http://www.sbcapcd.org/sbc/pollut.htm>.

"Attention Drivers! Turn off Your Idling Engines." Edf.org. Environmental Defense Fund, 2014. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. <http://www.edf.org/transportation/reports/idling>.

"B.C. Air Quality." How Air Quality Affects Health. B.C. Air Quality, n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. <http://www.bcairquality.ca/health/air-quality-and-health.html>.

"Carbon Monoxide Poisoning – What Are The Symptoms?" Carbon Monoxide Poisoning. Gas Safe Register, 2014. Web. 15 Mar. 2014. <http://www.gassaferegister.co.uk/learn/carbon_monoxide_kills.aspx>.

"Idling Gets You Nowhere." Edf.org. Environmental Defense Fund, n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2014. <http://www.edf.org/sites/default/files/9236_Idling_Nowhere_2009.pdf>.

"An Introduction to Indoor Air Quality: Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)." EPA. Environmental Protection Agency, n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. <http://www.epa.gov/iaq/voc.html>.

"Nitrogen Oxides." Tox Town. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2014. <http%3A%2F%2Ftoxtown.nlm.nih.gov%2Ftext_version%2Fchemicals.php%3Fid%3D19>.

Kurt, Funda, MD, Ömer Bektaş, MD, Gökhan Kalkan, MD, Mehmet Y. Öncel, MD, Ibrahim H. Yakut, MD, and Can N. Kocabaş, MD. "Pediatric Emergency Care."Pediatric Emergency Care. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Aug. 2013. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. <http://journals.lww.com/pec-online/Abstract/2013/08000/Does_Age_Affect_Presenting_Symptoms_in_Children.9.aspx>.

"Transportation and Air Quality." EPA. Environmental Protection Agency, n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2014. <http://www.epa.gov/otaq/>.

Pénard-Morand, C., C. Raherison, D. Charpin, C. Kopferschmitt, F. Lavaud, D. Caillaud, and I. Annesi-Maesano. "Long-term Exposure to Close-proximity Air Pollution and Asthma and Allergies in Urban Children." European Respiratory Journal. European Respiratory Journal, 14 Jan. 2010. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. <http://www.ersj.org.uk/content/36/1/33.full>.

"Idling Vehicle Emissions for Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and Heavy-Duty Trucks."Epa.gov. United States Environmental Protection Agency, n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. <http://www.epa.gov/otaq/consumer/420f08025.pdf>.

2008, 3:10PM BST 17 Sep. "Road Dust Can Be Turned to Platinum." The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group, 17 Sept. 2008. Web. 15 Jan. 2014.

"MIT News Office." MIT News Office. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2014.

"Idle Free Utah: Campaign Toolkit." Idle Free Utah: Campaign Toolkit. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2014.

"You Can Go Green." : Turn Your Engine Off and Save the Planet. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2014.

(EPA Transportation and Air Quality)

(Carbon Monoxide Poisoning)
(B.C. Air Quality)
(Idling Gets You Nowhere)
The Experiment
NEW YORK STUDY





(2008)
(MIT News Office)
(Idle Free Utah)
(You Can Go Green)
(Affect the Environment; Health Effects)
(Air Pollution Impacts)
(EPA Transportation and Air Quality)
Full transcript