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The Cold War

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Hugo Scrase

on 17 July 2013

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Transcript of The Cold War

The Cold War
What is a cold war?
A cold war is when there is no
fighting, only negotiation and talking.
The war itself hasn't been ignited yet into a hot war.
The Soviet Union
The Soviet Union first appeared on the Eurasian continent that exsisted between 1922 and 1991, it was governed as a
single party state by the
Communist
Party with Moscow as
it's capital.
United States
It was established by a union of multiple subnational Soviet republics, its government and economy were
highly centralized.
The US participated in World War II an
d was
supposive allies with the Soviet Union, this was, however, an illusion. The US and Soviet Union were always distrustful of each other and considered each other, 'The
Devil Incarnate',
they

only 'allied' becuase
they had a common enemy,
Nazi Germany.
After Nazi Germany Fell
The Allies disagreed over how
to govern unoccupied
Germany. It was originally
meant to go to the Western
Allies and have a joint rule
with the Soviet Union.

Communism
The Soviet Union believed communism was the
way forward and that they should combat capitalism
which most of the western world was in favour of.
Especially America.
The US got worried about
the Red Army progressing across
the west, with an idea of
a Capitalist free world.
The Thought of Communism.
Communism was thought to cripple and
corrupt the world and the US broke into
a cold war with the Soviet Union to put
a stop to it.
Both sides fought with propaganda, economic warfare, diplomatic haggling and constant military threats trying to
make more people believe that their side is the
right one to be on.
Nuclear Fallout
A nuclear fallout seemed
iniment as the war became more aggresive, many people were incredibley worried of the war turning into a hot war and Russia and America prepared for the worst.
Living in an

Atomic Age
Sputnik
Sputnik was launched into space by the Soviet
Union
in October 1957. No larger than a beach ball, Sputnik sent
meaningless signals back to Earth but had a large impact on the thinking of citizens and rulers on Earth.
The Russian engineers wanted people all around the world to be able to hear and see it. Sputnik was
polished so it would reflect light that
could be seen with the naked eye even
from 175 miles up in the sky.
It sent out a "Beep-Beep" broadcast that can
be picked up by amateur radio
operators around the world.
The Reaction of the World.
The reaction in the US was astonishment and some measure of fear. Suddenly, just 175 miles above them, was an enemy satellite, no one knew what it was capable of. Political leaders did know that if the Soviet Union are capable of launching a satellite they are capable of launching atomic bombs at the US.
The Space Race
The space race between
the US and the Soviet Union
was on. But the US's first
attempts of launch resulted
in large explosions...

NASA was established in 1958 to help bring competing military space programs into one effort.
Soon they developed rockets, built space capsules and satellites and hired astronauts.
The Effect on Education.
The space race affected education in the same way all across America. Shortly after the launh of Sputnik, lawmakers and the general public put greater strain and emphasis on maths and science in s
c
hools across the U
S
.
Governmen
ts put
money into the
educ
ation system and students recieved more
maths
and
scienc
e courses.
A New Vision
The US realised that there
was a new frontier to
explore...
Putting a man on the moon was now
a priority and the government put a lot
of investment and time to doing it.
and on July the 20th, 1969, astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin were the first humans to walk on it. This was considered as a victory for the US, and ended the space race.
Cease fire between North Vietnam and America.
North Vietnam defeats
South Vietnam and falls to
communist forces.
Soviet forces invade Afghanistan
Mikhail Gorbachev
becomes leader
of the Soviet Union
resolve to remo
ve all intermediate
nuclear missiles from Europe in 1987.

and in 1989 Soviet tro
ops withdrew from Afghanistan,
Poland and Hungary become independent.

In November, the Berlin Wall was demolished
and East Germany was allowed unrestricted
access to West Germany. Communist governments fall in Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, and Rumania

This brought to the decline of the
Soviet empire.

1990 Lithuania becomes independent
May 29, Boris Yeltsin elected as President of Russia
and then on October the 3rd Germany was
reunited and finally in 1991 August, the Soviet
Union disbanded and the Cold War ends.
Full transcript