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Transcript of Teaching Vocabulary
2. The Mental Lexicon
4. Process of Learning Discourse
5. Teaching Vocabulary not only single words are stored
but also "chunks of speech"
the speaker's focus lies on larger
language structures instead of single words
development of colloquial language
use is supported! internet blah
blah Sources Müller-Hartmann, Andreas & Marita Schocker-von Ditfurth. 2007. Introduction to English Language Teaching. Stuttgart: Klett Lernen und Wissen. Thanks for your attention! on the Internet the Internet capitalization Thanks for your attention! :) web,
WWW to surf,
blog Thanks for your attention! :) noun · · · lexis and grammar are highly interrelated
only knowledge of grammar allows for
"creative re-combination" of words and phrases · · ⇒ lexicogrammar influences the ability
to understand discourses and cultural varieties
it also helps to use language within (expected)
frameworks (e.g. restaurant, train station, school)
lastly it makes it easier to react to unpredicted
situations · · · 'the knowledge of, and ability to use the vocabulary of a language which consists of lexical and grammatical elements' · Intercultural Communicative Competence: learner-centered AND learning-centered · blah · 1. presentation of language properties · world-building excercises · using different techniques to present new words · major phases 2. presentation of the structure of · language material 3. presentation of communicative · situations and tasks direct approach matching words with
various definitions · contextualization · semantic mapping · communicative activities · information gap activities · group work · indirect approach awareness of receptive and productive language use recycling language: end of period, 24 hours, 1 week,
1 month, 6 months later helping learners to develop strategies · developing vocabulary through reading and
training lexical inference · teaching the effective use of dictionaries · teaching didactic skills to learners · "Learners need to become
active explorers of language" Nation, Paul & Jonathan Newton: "Teaching Vocabulary". In: COADY/HUCKING. 1997. teaching vocabulary how language is stored vocabulary and grammar lexicogrammar using different techniques to present new words help learners to develop learning strategies (Nation, 1997) (Nunan, 1999) Nunan, David. 1999. Second Language Teaching and Learning. Boston: Heinle & Heinle. steps · by teachers or peers 1. Comprehensible Input input slightly above current understanding · · receptive vs. productive knowledge 2. Creative Construction Progress importance of motivation and emotion · · practice to test hypotheses 3. Comprehensible Output feedback by peers or teacher · cannot be controlled completley · · complexity grows with needed vocabulary basis for fluency · · language available "on the spot" intercultural competence
("how do you do?") intended results ability to understand cultural and
social dimensions of discourse · · teacher-guidance necessary for
language-awareness (due to short time expossure) grammar teaching necessary focus on form · grammar at first avoided by learners · processing of language and grammar in-depth Vocabulary Test! ENGLISH TO GERMAN: GERMAN TO ENGLISH: Mutter
solution Vocabulary Test! ENGLISH TO GERMAN: GERMAN TO ENGLISH: Mutter
solution = Knüppel
= Lösung = nut
= according to
= purchase Language as Discourse: An Introduction lexical competence: 'language use; i.e. language which has been produced as a result of communication' · discourse: main purpose of language learning · potential of lexis is important · frequent misunderstandings · understanding of culturally specific meaning must be supported · vocabulary is highly interrelated 54,000 word families · word families are defined by:
base word, inflections, common derivatives, frequency & range · From Storage to Language Production high-frequency words:
2,000 word families, ensuring a comprehension of about 80% of any text · criteria for language selection:
frequency & topic specifity · mental lexicon word storage in the human mind · storage of sense impressions · storage by association
(clang, paradigmatic & syntagmatic) · high-frequency words are more essential for language learners! Mac Kenzie, Ian. 1997, 2002. English for Business Studies: A Course for Business Studies and Economic Students. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Schallhorn, Karola & Alexandra Peschel. 2004. Method Guide: Kreative Methoden für den Englischunterricht in der Oberstufe. Paderborn: Schöningh Verlag. Watcyn-Jones, Peter. 1985. Test Your Vocabulary 4. London: Penguin Books. Exercises lexicogrammar! Stuart, Redman & Robert Ellis. 1990. A Way With Words: Book 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.