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Events that led to Revolution

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Gene Monahan

on 1 December 2017

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Transcript of Events that led to Revolution

Events that led to Revolution
By: Adrienne Warren
The war was fought between the French and the British and witnessed the Americans joining forces with British to help fight the French.
The French and Indian War 1754
Both Great Britain and French laid claim on land in the Great Ohio Valley. A piece of land, that stretched from the Ohio River to the Appalachians and all the way to the Mississippi River. The French sent troops to drive out the British which resulted in the British declaring war.
Conflicting Claims 1750
Britain Sent more troops and supplies to the colony and they eventually won the war. The war ended with the Treaty of Paris which said Britain now owned most of Canada, all lands east of the Mississippi River, and Florida.
British wins the War Leading to the Treaty of Paris 1763
After long and hard battles, King Gorege had to pay for all of the amo that was shot the men that were lost. And that was not going to be easy. He also had set of the French again. When he singed the Paris Treaty, he lied! He told the French that all the land west of the Appalachians would be theirs, but when the war ended he said that all of that land belonged to the Native Americans. To make things worse he later sent his troops to try to kill the Natives, which made them his enemy to!
Paying for War 1763
The Stamp Act 1765
In 1765 a new tax law was passed by the Parliament. They called it the Stamp Act. This Stamp Act put taxes on very many paper items such as newspapers, to legal documents to even playing cards! The King made sure the citizens were paying the taxes by putting a stamp on every item, and if a citizen was seen with an item with out a stamp or caught when the Kings soldiers came around to check in the villages you could be imprisoned.
Townshend Act 1767
Just a year after the Stamp Act was past, the Parliament passed many more tax laws called the Townshend Act. This act taxed imported goods such as tea, glass, paint, and many more. The new laws also created a new group of tax collectors. Even the the Parliament canceled the Stamp Act it still felt they had the right to make laws for the Colony!
Boston Tea Party 1773
The Parliament passed a new law in 1773 called the Tea Act. The Tea Act gave Britain's East India Company a monopoly for tea. A real and legal monopoly give the company complete control over a good or service in an area to one group or person. This means they control pricing, and competition. The colonist were only allowed to purchase tea from the East Indian Company. This caused many events afterward, and some were even violent. A few months later, ships carrying thousands of pounds of tea set sail for the colonies. In late November 1773, three ships made it to Boston. Against the opinions of some colonists, the Massachusetts governor at the time, let the ships dock. Some say Samuel Adams had already planned what happened next. On the night of December 16, 1773, some where around 150 members of Sons of Liberty dressed as the Mohawk tribe and marched together to Boston Harbor. Hundreds of people were down at the harbor docks to watch. When the Sons of Liberty members got there they climbed on the boats, cracked open more than 300 creates of tea and threw it over board! This act became known as the Boston Tea Party.
Coercive Acts 1774
British leaders became angry after the Boston Tea Party. So a new set of laws was created to punish the Massachusetts colonists, was passed by the Parliament in March 1774. The acts were called the Coercive Acts because they forced the colonists to follow the laws they felt were unfair. The port in Boston was closed by the law, until the colonists payed for the damaged tea. By order of the Parliament the British navy had to blockade Boston Harbor. British war ships stopped any activity between any other countries by not letting any ship in or out! Britain also ordered the colonists to quarter the soldiers. This meant they had to give up food and even shelter to the British soldiers. Fortunately not all British leaders agreed with the acts. Edmund Burke disagreed with the acts. he said to the Parliament "You will force them [to buy taxed goods]? Has seven years' struggle yet been able to force them?" However Parliament did not listen to Burke's call for cooperation.
Continental Congress & Lexington / Concord

The trouble in the colonies worried some of the British citizens. In June 1774 William Pitt, a member of the parliament asked British leaders to be patient. He said, "[I] would like to advise you the noble lords in office to adopt [try] a more gentle mode [way] of governing America..." In September of 1774 colonial leaders met in Philadelphia. Because it was the first official meeting it was later named the First Continental Congress.
Massachusetts colonists were always ready. So they created a militia. In April 1775 General Gage found out about the minutemen and that John Hancock and Samuel Adams were meeting in Lexington. When he realized that the minuteman had weapons stored nearby in Concord he sent 700 British soldiers to Lexington and Concord. Their plan was to arrest the two leaders and take the weapons. And they wanted it to remain a secret. But word got out to a member of the Sons of Liberty, and he rushed to warn everyone. So when the British arrived in Lexington the minutemen were there and they were ready to battle. But the leader of the minutemen yelled out "Don't fire unless fired upon, but if they mean to have war, let it begin here." Nobody knows who fired first, but after they did the war began. Several minutemen were wounded and some were even killed! After the battle, the British moved on to Concord to find the weapons. But when they got there they found they had already been moved.
Proclamation of 1763
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