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S.W.A.T codes

Identifying symbolic, written, audio and technical codes

Amy Price

on 2 December 2011

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Transcript of S.W.A.T codes

Symbolic, written, audio and technical codes (SWAT) are used to carry a deeper level of meaning. SWAT CODES Symbolic -
Body Language
Colour Written -
Size and style of print
Slogans/captions Audio -
Sound effects Technical -
Camera shots (distance)
Camera angles
Camera movement
Lighting Standard Camera Shots: 1) Extreme long shot:

Characters are small in frame with all or major parts of a building or background shown
Establishes the physical context of the action - shows the landscape and features of buildings 2) Long shot
All or nearly all of a person or object can be seen along with a detailed background
This shot shows large scale action, sometimes with whole groups of people and large parts of a building 3) Medium shot
A character or object is shown from the waist up with a small amount of background information
This shot can contain small groups of two or three people 4) Close-up
The head and neck of a person can be seen or a whole object or part of an object fills most of the screen 5) Extreme close-up
The frame is filled with just part of a character or very small objects Standard Camera Angles: 1) Aerial or bird's-eye view
This shows a scene from directly overhead
Familiar objects might seem totally unrecognisable (umbrellas in crowd)
People can be made to look insignificant, ant like and part of a wider scheme of things 2) High angle
Not so extreme as an aerial view
The camera is elevated above the action to give a general overview
High angles make the object seem smaller and less significant (or scary) 3) Eye level
A fairly neutral shot
The camera is positioned as though it is a person watching the scene
The actors' heads are on a level with the focus 4)Low angle
Can give a sense of being powerless
The background will tend to be the sky or a ceiling
The added height of the object may make it inspire fear and insecurity in the viewer 5) Oblique/Canted angle
Sometimes the camera is tilted to suggest imbalance, transition and instability Activity 1
*Using what you have found out about different shots, create examples of your own on your worksheet using stick figures and outlines. Activity 2
*Using what you have discovered about different types of angles, create examples of your own on your worksheet using stick ficures and outlines. Draw an example here... Draw an example here...
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