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Intro to Claim Types
Transcript of Intro to Claim Types
definition of "argument"
Asks the question: In what category does this thing belong?
Requires 2 steps:
definition of the category (creating criteria)
matching the thing to the definition (satisfying the criteria)
DEFINITIONAL Arguments (Ch11)
Asks the question: To what is this thing similar?
Sometimes considered a type of definitional argument
Argues that this thing is the same as the thing to which it's being compared
RESEMBLANCE Arguments (Ch11)
Asks the question: What are the causes or consequences of this thing/event/phenomenon?
Argues the link from cause to effect
Speculates about potential effects; or
Proposes surprising effect
CAUSAL Arguments (Ch12)
Asks the question: What is the worth or value of this thing?
Similar to definitional argument
Establishes criteria for "good" member of class or category; and
Matches the thing to that criteria through explanation and example
EVALUATION/ETHICAL Arguments (Ch13)
Asks the question: What action should be take?
Requires three parts:
description of problem
justification of solution
PROPOSAL Arguments (Ch14)
For Class Discussion: Identifying Types of Claims, p 214 of textbook
Sometimes different claim types may be combined to form one argument
Examples from book p218:
a proposal argument that contains causal, resemblance, and evaluation subarguments
an evaluation argument that contains definitional, causal and resemblance subarguments
Identifying the type of claim(s) present in an argument you are:
can tell you what type of evidence to expect and is part of the message (logos) appeal
can help you know how to properly develop your paragraphs and help you determine what type of evidence your audience will most likely respond to
Why should we care?
Intro to Claim Types