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Complex Sentences and Compound-Complex Sentences
Transcript of Complex Sentences and Compound-Complex Sentences
The complex sentence contains an independent clause joined with one or more dependent clauses
an independent clause contains a subject and a predicate and makes sense by itself
a dependent clause also contains a subject and predicate but CANNOT stand by itself (it wouldn't make sense!)
Complex sentences always contain a subordinate conjuction
Don't mix up your conjunctions!: Compound sentences contain COORDINATING conjunctions (FANBOY), not SUBORDINATE conjunctions
Compound sentences have coordinating conjuctions because both independent clauses COORDINATE- they both have equal power and meaning in the sentence
Meanwhile, complex sentences have subordinate conjuctions because the dependent clause is subordinate (lesser than) the independent clause
Instead, in some way, the dependent clause points to or adds detail to the statement in the main part of each sentence.
after, before, once, since, until, when, whenever, while, as, because, in order to, so that, even if, if, provided that, unless
Do I have to use a comma in a complex sentence?
When the sentence starts with a dependent clause, a comma is needed to separate the dependent clause from the independent clause.
If the sentence starts with an independent clause, no comma is needed.
ex: If my dog eats chocolate, he will have gas.
My dog has gas if he eats chocolate
the compound-complex sentence is at least two independent clauses joined with at least one dependent clause.
Remember! Two independent clauses are connected by coordinating conjunctions (FANBOYS)
On the other hand, an independent and dependent clause are connected by subordinating conjunctions.
Semi-colons can be used in compound-complex sentences!
Semicolons can connect two independent clauses. In this case, NO coordinating conjunction should be used.
Even though squid eyeball soup is delicious, my dog refuses to eat it, so I ate it by myself.
I ate the squid eyeball soup by myself because my dog refused to eat it, for I didn't want it to go to waste!
Semicolons are often used in place of periods to show a connection between the ideas in two independent clauses.
ex: Even though I'm an excellent swimmer, I lost the race against my grandmother; it was embarrassing.
The following are SOME subordinate conjunctions:
The men shook hands, and both of them were pleased.
Both parts of this sentence are equally important, and they make sense by themselves.
I'm the MAIN CLAUSE! I'm more important!
I'm the subordinate clause. I'm the less important part of the sentence, and I need the main clause to make sense!