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Shojo Manga

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Ashley Bonifacio

on 3 September 2012

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Transcript of Shojo Manga

Ashley Bonifacio and Moriah Churchill Examining Gender in Manga and Graphic Novels History Shojo/Shonen Manga Shojo's body becomes idealized image of femininity. Shonen designed to evoke ideal militarism. Japan modernizes". Shojo shows up in conduct magazines designed for adolescent girls, alongside "Shonen" in war propaganda magazines for boys. The Changing Faces of the Shojo " If there are lots of slender beautiful people of both genders, bursts of flowers and parades of fashion, then you are reading a shojo manga".
~Robin Brenner Characteristics of Shojo Koji Fukiya Raijo kai (World of Ladies, 1926 Jun'ichi Nakahara, "Shojo no tomo"
(Girl's Friend, 1940) Junichi Nakahara, "Junior Soreiyu", 1958 Makato Takahashi, Puchi la (Petit la, 1961) Rebellious Ranma, a teenage boy skilled in martial arts, falls into a cursed spring. Thereafter, he's destined to turn into a girl when exposed to cold water. Father turns into a panda:) But he's a martial arts master. Ranma 1/2 Popularity peaks in 1970's, shojo enters the public sphere different genres such as sports, fantasy, and so on. Shonen not only limited to storylines revolving around violence and war. Gender-bending romance (girls dressed as boys, boys dressed as girls, boy and girl look alike, etc.) narrative revolves around emotions and personal relationships. Traits include: "Big Eyes", signifying innocence and youth "Kawaii" (cute) shojo heroine who possesses selfless, maternal nature. Pacifist to male tension and violence. Sexual tension and anxiety. Members of the Sohma morph into animals of the chinese zodiac when hugged by someone of the opposite sex. "It's not always easy to see the good in people. But if you can somehow, find a way to believe...sometimes that's all it takes to help someone, to give them the strength to find the good in themselves". ~Toharu Toharu deals with problematic events in her life (mother's death, having to support herself through school, falling in love with a boy who turns into a cat :) Fruits Basket "If there are buxom girls, men with heavy eyebrows, panty jokes, and lots of slapstick, then you're reading a shonen". ~Robin Brenner Characteristics of Shonen "Fan Service" boys with spiked hair. Story lines tend to emphasize humor and focus on action, honor and dealing with the burden of social obligations. Although Shojo and Shonen share similarities, the binary between "girls and boys" is still there. There is cross influence and readership, but what is written and marketed for both reinforces this separation. Similarities between manga and western graphic novels/comics? What about gender binary in comics/graphic novels here in the U.S ? "girls comics vs. boys comics" ? Hilary Rappaport, "stop dividing reading by gender". Use of complex panel arrangements and transitions to heighten drama and emotion. "Different ages and genders may enjoy any genre but a rule of thumb is that manga for female population emphasizes emotion and relationships where as manga for men emphasizes action". ~Robin Brenner Lots of slap stick humor and fan service. Ranma will be in the middle of a epic battle, then spontaneously transforms into a girl.
*** frontal nudity and lots of boob shots*** Ranma must learn look past his personal problems and care for others, particularly spunky Akane, who's also skilled in martial arts and hates men. Intricately patterned backgrounds and use of flowers to break panels up. In Japan, roses are a symbol of masculinity, and lilies signify female. Increase diversity of collection by buying books with diverse portrayals of femininity and masculinity. Concluding thoughts.... How can all of this be applied to libraries? “Taking the body as a point of departure for an articulation that is not always constrained by the body as it is, such fantasies allow us to posit possibilities beyond the norm or, indeed, a different future for the norm itself”. ~Judith Butler Osamu Tezuka,"Princess Knight", 1954 Anne Thalheimer's "Too Weenie to Deal with All of This Girl's Stuff: Women Comics and the Classroom" Do not gender reading or label books. Rappaport. pirated manga and ebooks, how will this affect girls reading comics? The extent to which women and girls are still excluded is almost as contentious as beliefs about what needs to change.
In the roundtable discussion, "Girls Just Want to Have Comics," on GraphicNovelReporter.com, many of the participating women offer different perspectives on the issue of whether the comics/graphic novel industry has done enough to include females. Graphic Novels and Comics in the West: the state of the binary Comics marketed primarily for girls deal with characters and issues that girls are interested in, inviting them into the format. Many shojo manga works function this way in the US.

Raina Telegemeier's "Smile"

Tuula Merisuo-Storm's study, "Girls and Boys Like to Read and Write Different Texts." Girls' Comics While progress has been made to let women into the industry, "mainstream" comics often still feature pinup like depictions of women and relegate them to confining roles, that throw girls out of the text.

"Star Gate: Daniel Jackson" Boys' Comics On the dangers of polarizing the format:
Hilary Rappaport’s article, “On the Rights of Reading and Boys and Girls."
Robin A. Moeller's article, ““Aren’t These Boy Books?”: High School Students’ Readings of Gender in Graphic Novels.”

The Walking Dead
Scott Pilgrim's Precious Little Life Meeting in the Middle “I think we all strive to hit something universal, that's not just for men or women, but for everyone. I don't like the idea of women being stuck behind a "women's comix" or "women's fiction" label. Let's make it for all of us.” Jennifer Hayden, in "Girls Just Want to Have Comics." Takahasi, Makato. "Puchi la". 1961
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