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Greek Mythology & Literature

Chapter 8, Section 3
by

Brandee Soles

on 16 January 2013

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Transcript of Greek Mythology & Literature

BIG Idea: The ancient Greeks created great myths and works of literature that influence the way we speak and write today. Greek Mythology & Literature Greek Gods mythology: stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works Gods and Mythology Greeks saw the "work of the gods" all around them. Think about things like rain, the sun rising, volcanoes erupting...pretty much anything that happened in nature needed an explanation. Heroes & Mythology Lets talk heroes... Homer & Epic Poetry 1. Myths Explain the World Zeus - king of the gods
Hera - queen of the gods
Poseidon - god of the seas
Hades - god of the underworld
Demeter - goddess of agriculture
Hestia - goddess of the hearth
Athena - goddess of wisdom
Apollo - god of the sun
Artemis - goddess of the moon
Ares - god of war
Aphrodite - goddess of love
Hephaestus - god of metalworking
Dionysus - god of celebration
Hermes - the messenger god Today, we have science to explain all of those things.
The Greeks had gods. Some of their crazy explanations... Hephaestus...the god of metalworking He lived underground and used a forge to heat the metal to be shaped. Occasionally the forge would spill over...causing a volcano. Caused by: Seasons were due to a kidnapping... Demeter (goddess of agriculture) had a beautiful daughter, Persephone. When Hades saw her, he fell in love and kidnapped her...he took her to the underworld. Demeter was so upset at her daughter's disappearance that the plants stopped growing. Meanwhile, back in the underworld...Persephone missed her mother and the sunshine and plants so much that she fell into a great depression and had no appetite. She ate only 6 pomegranate seeds during her entire stay. Eventually, her mother learned that Hades was the kidnapper. She went to get her daughter, but Hades' didn't give up that easily. They struck a deal...for the 6 pomegranate seeds, Persephone would spend 6 months a year in the underworld with Hades. The other six months would be spent with her mother. Six months with Hades = fall/winter...Demeter is too depressed for plants to grow
Six months with Demeter = spring/summer These were guys with special talents or qualities...but they weren't necessarily gods. Some might've been real men while others were "half-gods". Each polis had their favorite hero. Athens had Theseus. He killed a Minotaur. In northern Greece, myths were told about Jason and his adventures on the sea searching for treasure and fighting enemies. And of course you know Hercules. He performed 12 nearly impossible tasks...like fighting and killing a hydra. People from all over Greece loved hearing stories of Hercules.
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