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What lasting effects did the Roman Empire leave on the world?

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Hana A.

on 14 January 2015

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Transcript of What lasting effects did the Roman Empire leave on the world?

Architecture
Roman Houses-
Roman houses were a symbol of wealth and if you were on the lower class of the social pyramid, you would have to live in an apartment. The interior of the apartments were a symbol of your wealth, usually apartments only had 2 rooms, both used for sleeping. The less fortunate ate at local inns to prevent themselves for causing a fire hazard. They also had to visit the baths because they did not have access to running water in their apartments. Running water was a symbol of wealth, the larger the lead tube, the wealthier the family was. Wealthy homes were very different, it was usually a single storey home built around an open air atrium. Behind the atrium was the second courtyard called the peristylium, there was a garden that was shaded from the sun and was very comfortable to relax in. The main rooms were usually designed with colored plaster walls, if you were wealthier than average, you could afford to have mosaiced floors. The more grand the mosaic was, the richer you were. In homes of the rich, they had simple furniture without fancy designs. In homes of the wealthy, they usually had running water in lead pipes that were as large as the family could afford. Homes also had floor heating which was managed by their slaves at the time. Roman homes left a lasting effect on the society today because the less wealthy usually get smaller homes or apartments, where the wealthier have lavish homes. The one thing that did change is running water, nowadays everyone who lives in a home has running water.
What lasting effects did the Roman Empire leave on the world?
Hygiene-
Romans believed that illnesses had a natural cause and bad health came from sewage and bad water. Roman cities, villas and forts were built in places that were considered clean areas for living. Romans were known for knowing what areas were safe or not for building a society. Their hygiene was helpful towards keeping their army hygienic because it was the only thing that was keeping the Roman Empire from collapsing under their feet. Romans encouraged people who fell ill to bathe, as they felt that they would regain their strength from bathing. Something that kept Romans different from other civilizations is their toilets. Instead of toilets being a symbol of wealth. Romans had toilets in homes and the streets, for both the rich and the poor. To keep the toilets clean, they needed a sufficient sewage system. According to Pliny the writer, Rome’s sewage system was the Roman Empire's greatest achievement due to the importance of hygiene. Roman hygiene left a mark on the world because hygiene is keeping us alive and those who aren’t not hygienic tend to fall ill more often than others.

Health
Amphitheatres-
The Roman theatre was obviously inspired from the Greeks, but had a couple of tweaks in the design. The orchestra was made out of stone and was designed to be semicircular. The Romans also added a highly decorated stage building which incorporated unique levels of columns, projections, pediments, and statues. Romans loved having enclosed spaces and usually they were covered in canvas awning or wood roof. The Colosseum is the largest and most famous example of the Roman theatre. It includes highly decorated exterior, seats set over a network of barrel vaults, and underground rooms below the arena floor to hide people, animals and props until they were needed in the spectacles. Roman Amphitheatres were a building block for modern day theatres, which is why they have a lasting effect on the modern day world. (Colosseum on right)
Architecture
Architecture
Aqueducts-
The Romans invented the aqueduct which is a massive structure with single, double, or triple tiers of arches designed to carry fresh water to urban centers from sources that were too far away. This would enable city livers to have access to fresh water that was brought from miles away. The first aqueduct constructed was Aqua Appia (312 BCE). The most impressive example is undoubtedly the Pont du Gard near Nimes (c. 14 CE). This architecture left a lasting mark on the world because it is still intact today despite all the years that have passed. Aqueducts helped shape modern technology for getting fresh water to cities from sources far far away.
Architecture
Roman baths-
The Romans invented a style of bathing where people could socialize and clean themselves. The Roman baths displayed how Romans have the ability to create a breathtaking interior space, using arches, domes, and vaults. The exterior of the bath usually had a minimalist look while the interior was lavishly decorated. The way to build a Roman Bath required excellent engineering skills because baths needed a way of heating up water for the pools. This bath style left marks on North Africa and to this day there are still Roman style baths in North Africa and Rome itself. The best surviving example that we know of is Baths of Caracalla in Rome (completed 216 CE). (Shown on the right)
Architecture
Roads-
The Roman Roads used a groma to create straight and well made roads, that did not go through natural obstacles but rather went around the obstacle. The Roman roads had ditches built on the sides of the road for drainage purposes. They tended to build the roads higher than the level of earth around them to help for drainage. Roman roads were actually built by Roman soldiers so they could rely on their gained expertise. These roads were built throughout the entire Roman Empire for trading purposes. Roman roads were well used in the Roman Empire but those who had used them, usually walked as horses and chariots were rather expensive. After the Romans left Britain, the Britons did not use the roads as they were built by Romans, who they shunned. Despite this, many of the roads built by the Romans were kept in excellent condition. The Romans inspired the well made roads that we use today.

Health
Fitness-
Romans believed that having a healthy mind would result in a healthy body. They were large believers of keep your body fit, they thought if they kept their bodies fit they would combat illnesses. Instead of wasting money on doctors, they use the money to keep themselves fit. This left a lasting effect on the modern day world, because people stay fit in order to avoid diseases and serious illnesses.

Machines
Mills-
The Romans did not invent the mill but rather took it from the Greeks and greatly improved upon it. Some major improving changes that they made included turning the mill into a vertical waterwheel that we still see nowadays. The new Roman mill was a robust new prime mover. Experts appraise that the most primitive Roman mill could grain thousands of pounds of grain a day. Despite its great power the mill was never used largely because the Romans saw no need for a mechanized mills. This was due to the large number of slave powered mills in Rome during the third century A.D. This machine left as lasting effect on modern society because it assisted us in modern day farming, instead of using slave powered mill. Now there are machines that can do the milling for us.

Computing
Numbering System-
The Romans created a numbering system using seven letters from the Latin Alphabet to write any number. Letter I stood for number 1, letter V for number 5, X for 10, L for 50, C for 100, D for 500 and M for 1,000. By placing a small bar above the top of a number multiplied its value by 1,000. A person could add enough bars to write larger and larger numbers. A disadvantage of this creation was that the numbers took up a lot of space and was hard to use for adding, multiplying and etc. This was a creation that left a lasting effect on modern day society, because the Roman numbering system is still used till this day. It is used for many different things, it was used for clocks and it still is.


Computing
Odometer-
The first odometer was developed by Marcus Vitruvius Pollio, a Roman engineer who lived from 70 to 25 BCE. He mounted a large wheel in a frame, similar to the base of a wheelbarrow. A gear with four hundred notches was attached to the wheel. With every turn of the wheel the gear moved one notch ahead. It moved four hundred times every five thousand feet which is equal to a Roman mile. With every four hundred turns, a stone dropped into a metal container signaling that a mile had passed. Vitruvius envisioned using this invention in chariots and wagons so travelers could measure the distance. The Romans never adopted the odometer and it was forgetting until Leonardo da Vinci discovered Vitruvius’s written description. The odometer left a lasting effect on our modern day world, because a modernized version of it is used today to measure the distance we travel in cars. This helps the driver keep track of how far he is going and in what amount of time.


Roman Calendar-
The first Roman Calendar was developed around 738 BCE and it was based on the lunar year. It had 304 days and was divided into 10 months. The calendar was 61 days short, the Romans later on added 2 months to make up for the shortfall. The Romans also added an extra month every two years. The calendar got further off track when officials started adding more months. In 45 BCE, Emperor Julius Caesar adopted the Julian calendar, which was a more refined version of the Roman calendar. People in many parts of the world used the Julian calendar, but the 11 minute error turned into 10 days to be dropped. Pope Gregory XIII adopted the Gregorian calendar which is the calendar that is now modernly used throughout the world. The Roman calendar was a starting block for the later refined versions of calendars all over the world. This calendar left a lasting mark on the world, as did the other versions did.

Computing
Machines
Weapons-
A Roman wore armor made from strips of iron and leather. On his head was a metal helmet. The Roman’s main weapons for attack were a short sword for stabbing and a long spear (javelin), for throwing. They usually carried a small dagger as a sidearm on his left. The sword is light and small so that it can be easy to lift. Romans wore is on their right side of their body. These weapons were used throughout the world in many wars. Roman weapons left a lasting mark on the world because they were used throughout the world. (Picture of soldier on right)
Introduction
The Roman Empire was an empire that conquered much of the Mediterranean making it a notable empire from the ancient world. It was also an empire that left many lasting effects on the world, some of which are still around today. These inventions have changed our world for the better since the Roman Empire. Many lasting effects were left in architecture, computing, health and machinery.
Computing
Health
Conclusion
Works Cited
Education-
Learning at Roman schools were mainly based on fear of the students. Boys feared getting whipped if they continuously got wrong answers. Different from today, there were not much choice in Roman schools. Instead of the basic 7 hour school day, they had to go to school from sunrise with a small break at lunch time until sunset. Lessons did not include books as they were overpriced at the time. There existed two types of schools in Ancient Rome, one for younger children up to age 12 where they learned to read, write and basic mathematics. When the children reached the age of 13, they attended another school where they focused on specific studies for each topic. Girls rarely attended school, girls from rich families had at home tutors. Girls stayed at home to learn to become a housewife because they would marry at 12, while the boys would marry at 14. Children worked a 7 day week, despite no week-end there were several religious days off. They were also let off on market days. Roman education left a lasting mark on the world despite the fact that our school system is very different nowadays. Some ways our education is similar while other ways they are completely different.
Remedies-
Each Roman doctor had their own way of treating illnesses. For instance, the writer Pliny encouraged people to use unwashed wool (for sores), yolk of eggs (for dysentery) and boiled liver (for sore eyes). The Roman Army doctor Dioscorides created a list of around 600 herbal cures in his 'Herbarium' (it was used for the next 1,000 years). Roman doctor Galen believed in the healing power of nature and the use of opposites, for example hot pepper to cure a cold and (cool) cucumber to cure a fever. Although this remedies are uncommon in the modern world. Romans encouraged people to create remedies that would treat illnesses and that are natural to our bodies. This left a mark on the modern day society.

Romans were known for their inventions that left lasting effects on the modern day world, some creations are used as they were back then and some have been modified to suit our modern day needs in society. The Roman Empire was a grand empire that is very well known for their improvements to human life. Many of their inventions were inspired from the Greeks but were modified upon. This creates an response to how the Roman Empire left lasting effects on the world.



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By Hana Abid
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