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Cervical Spine Strain

Sports Injures- PPL 40F
by

Alisha Kay

on 17 October 2012

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Transcript of Cervical Spine Strain

Description of Injury to the Joint The cervical spine strain is also known as the Whiplash injury (Prentice 2006, p.844).
The facet joint has the function of restricting the movement of the vertebrae (The University of Virginia Spine Center). Cervical Spine Strain Is caused when the neck is thrashed rapidly back and forth.
This injury usually causes a “sprain, fracture or [a] dislocation” which restricts the movement of the neck (Encyclopædia Britannica, 2012).
The predisposing factor is that athlete is usually caught off guard and doesn’t have time to react to the injury effectively (The University of Virginia Spine Center).
Since this injury is caused by a whiplash event it is an acute injury (Prentice 2006, p.844). More about the neck injury Cervical spine injury is common in the sports involving tackle or any kind of intense body movements. Sports Injury Treatment Exercises and Stretches Timeline for the Healing Process Works Cited
AANS - Cervical Spine. (n.d.). AANS - AANS Home Page. Retrieved October 16, 2012, from http://www.aans.org/Patient%20Information/Conditions%20and%20Treatments/Cervical%20Spine.aspx
Dr, S. (n.d.). Whiplash | Neck Pain. Neck Pain Relief | Stiff Neck | Neck Pillow. Retrieved October 16, 2012, from http://www.necksolutions.com/whiplash-neck-pain.html
Head and Neck Pain | Canadian Muscle and Joint Pain Clinic. (n.d.). Physiotherapy Mississauga | Canadian Muscle and Joint Pain Clinic. Retrieved October 16, 2012, from http://www.muscleandjoint.ca/head-neck-pain
Neck Solutions. Whiplash| Neck Pain . Retrieved from http://www.necksolutions.com/whiplash-neck-pain.html
Prentice, W. (2006). Arnheim’s Principles of Athletic Training: A Competency based Approach. (12th ed). Boston: McGraw Hill.
Rosen Publishing Group, Inc. (2012). Sports Concussions, Teen Health and Wellness. Retrieved from http://teenhealthandwellness.com/article/535/sports-concussions
Spinal Anatomy: Facet Joints. (2012). Spine Center. Retrieved October 12, 2012, form http://www.uvaspine.com/facet-joints.php
Whiplash. (2012). In Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from http://school.eb.com/eb/article-9076774
Whiplash/Injuries to the Spine - MacIsaac and Company - Victoria, BC Personal Injury Experts. (n.d.). MacIsaac & Company . Retrieved October 13, 2012, from http://www.macisaacandcompany.com/injuries/whiplash
Whiplash | Neck Pain. (n.d.). Neck Solutions. Retrieved October 12, 2012, from http://www.necksolutions.com/whiplash-neck-pain.html
Zehr, M. (2010, December 26). Neck Exercises For C Spine Injury | LIVESTRONG.COM. LIVESTRONG.COM - Lose Weight & Get Fit with Diet, Nutrition & Fitness Tools | LIVESTRONG.COM. Retrieved October 16, 2012, from http://www.livestrong.com/article/335956-neck-exercises-for-c-spine-injury/
Bibliography Figure 1 Figure 2 1-2 minutes An hour later A dull ache, stiffness and weakness in the neck area Dizziness, buzzing in the ears, insomnia, depression and anxiety The Symptoms Neck Collar Figure 3 Neck Brace Figure 4 Neck Brace must be worn for 1-2 weeks Short Term non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs
anti-depressive drugs
muscle relaxants
heat and ice therapy
neck collar/brace
physiotherapy Long Term Treatments: Treatments: surgery
low energy, high frequency pulsed electromagnetic therapy 2-3 days apply ice for 20 minutes (6-8 times a day) 7-11 days apply ice for 15 minutes (3-4 times a day)
active neck exercises 2-3 times a day after 11 days apply ice pack once then followed by neck exercises Pritha Banerjee
Alisha Sahota (Prentice 2006, p.844) (Neck Solutions) (Prentice 2006, p.844) (Neck Solutions) (Prentice 2006, p.844) Gymnastics Hockey Football Rugby Wrestling Diving (rare) - Sternocleidomastoid (SCM) – responsible for the flexibility of the neck and its oblique rotations
- Trapezius - bring the head and neck in a backward direction to rotate and side bends the neck. (Kendall, 1993)
- Rhomboids- connects the scalp to the vertabrae
- Erector Spinae- A muscles located at the back which helps to rotate the body
- Scalenes – Flex and tilt neck to the same side Muscles Joints and Ligaments Seven vertebrae forms cervical spine The major joint involved is the facet joint.

The major bones involved are:
- Axis (Epistropheus)- support head and any type of movement of the head (e.g. nodding rotating)
- Atlas- surrounds and protects the upper spinal cord and brain stem - Causes Veritable Artery which supplies blood to the brain and neck tissues, to narrow and alter its blood flow. (Steve 2005) “The dorsal and ventral roots come off spinal cord and combine to form spinal nerves at each spinal level. Sensory nerves are contained in the dorsal root ganglion” (Steve 2005) Muscles commonly strained include: In a whiplash injury, Sternocleidomastoid and the Trapezius are mostly in pain. (Steven 2005) (Prentice 2006, p.844) - Stand or sit, and look straight ahead
- Tuck your chin
- Slowly glide your head upward
- Glide as far as you can without feeling pain
- Hold this position for five seconds
- Relax for a few seconds Neck Rotation: – works out the neck for it to heal faster rather than stressing it out and hurting it
- Proper posture is key when weight lifting, Example:
- Standing instead of sitting puts less stress on the spine
- Maintaining a neutral posture Glide stretches: Dorsal glide stretches strengthen back of the neck - Neck rotations help to increase your range of motion and flexibility. Dumbbells of 5-20 pounds:
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