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A Midsummer Night's Dream

Made by: Shreeshaa Goyal
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Shreeshaa Goyal

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of A Midsummer Night's Dream

Elements of Fiction A Midsummer Night's Dream Setting “Full of vexation come I, with complaint Against my child, my daughter Hermia.” – Egeus (Page 9, Lines 22-23) Theme Conflict "O spite! O hell! I see you all are bent To set against me for your merriment” - Helena (Page 99, Lines 145-146) By: Shreeshaa Goyal This quote tells us how the mood is serious and full of anger as soon as Egeus, Hermia, Lysander, and Demetrius enter the palace of Theseus. A Midsummer Night’s Dream takes place in Athens, Greece around the end of the 1500s, where everything goes wrong unexpectedly. We know it took place around that point of time because the characters in the play behave that way (their ways of dressing up and talking to each other). In the beginning, the play takes place in the palace of Theseus where Egeus gives Hermia the three options. After that, the place of the play shifts to the magical forest about 10 leagues away from Athens where the four lovers are, the tradesmen rehearse their play for the marriage, and where Titania, Oberon, and the other fairies live. In the beginning, the play has a serious mood in the court as Egeus and Theseus are angry at Hermia for not following her father’s orders, even though the tone of the play is lighthearted overall. "But by some power it is,-my love to Hermia, Melted as the snow, seems to me now As the remembrance of an idle gaud” - Demetrius (Page 133, Lines 164-166) I think the main theme of A Midsummer Night's Dream is that true love conquers all. In the play, even though Lysander and Demetrius were given the magic potion after which they fell in love with the wrong people, Lysander kept on loving Hermia, and Demetrius truly loved Helena in the end. As for Titania and Oberon, even if they fought with each other over the little Indian boy, they loved each other in the end just as much as they had loved each other in the beginning. In the real world, this statement is true as well. For example, money cannot buy or sell love and friendship. If you truly love someone, they will not care about your looks or how rich you are - they would just love you as a human being. In A Midsummer Night's Dream, this was implied to Demetius. That is, he didn't care whether Helena was less good-looking or had less money than Hermia, he just loved her and eventually married her. The meaning of the statement, "True love conquers all" is that anyone can overcome difficulties in a relationship if the love is true, and that love is very important in life because nothing (such as money, looks, etc.) mean anything in front of real and true love. This quote is telling us how angry Helena is at Lysander, Demetrius, and Helena, when she thinks they are mocking her. This is one of the main conflicts in A Midsummer Night's Dream Character vs. Character An example of a character vs. character type conflict in A Midsummer Night's Dream is Oberon vs. Titania. From the beginning to scene IV, they are constantly fighting with each other over the little Indian boy. To get the changeling boy and to discontinue the natural disasters happening in the human world, Oberon makes Titania fall in love with a donkey so he can have the boy and turn everything back to normal. Character vs. Self A character vs. self type of conflict in this play would be Bottom vs. himself when he wants to play all the parts in the play of Pyramus and Thisbe, but has to convince himself to only play the part of Pyramus, letting the others play different parts as well. Also, he tries hard to explain himself that he is not the best and the only actor who can play his assigned part properly. Character vs. Society Hermia vs. her society is an example of a character vs. society conflict. When Hermia refuses to marry Demetrius, her father gives her three options - nunnery, death, or to marry Demetrius instead of Lysander. Because she and Lysander run away from Athens to get married, they are breaking the Athenian law. Thus, they are fighting against their society as well. Character vs. Nature An example of a character vs. nature type of conflict in this play is Oberon/Titania vs. the weather. For example, when they both fight over the changeling boy, they are changing the weather patterns to fight each other so they can get the little Indian boy. After that, they work hard to bring the weather back to usual. Therefore, they both have a conflict with the weather as well. Theseus Theseus is round and dynamic because he has many traits. For example, he couldn't wait to marry Hippolyta; and he said even though he was the duke of Athens, he couldn't break the laws. But at the end of scene IV, he invites the four lovers to get married, thus, breaking the law himself. He is dynamic because he has two different viewpoints and favours Demetrius when Hermia wants to marry Lysander. He is well-developed and changes his opinions during the play. Hermia Hermia is round and static because she is a well-developed character as William Shakespeare tells us about her background information a little and her love story. She is static because she has always loved Lysander throughout the play even though he was temporarily in love with Helena when he was under the impact of the love potion. Lysander Lysander is a round and static character in this play. Even though he was one of the victims of the love potion, he still kept on loving Hermia with all his heart when the antidote was applied to the four lovers' eyes. He is round because he has different and contradictory traits in A Midsummer Night's Dream - he is more like a real life person. Demetrius Demetrius is a round and dynamic character in A Midsummer Night's Dream because he has contradictory traits in Act III when he fights Lysander over Hermia under the effect of the love potion. He is a very dynamic character as his feelings towards Hermia and Helena change through the play. That is, he was in love with Hermia at first, but after his "dream", he fell in love with Helena instead and married her. Bottom Bottom is round and static because he is more like a real person and is well-developed with several feelings and traits. He is static because even in the end of the play as he still thinks he is the best actor and should be assigned all the parts in the play of Pyramus and Thisbe even after his fellow actors explained to him why he should be only playing his part. Puck Puck is round and static because he has traits like real people - for example, he makes mistakes and likes to joke around people. Other than these, he also has emotional traits. He is static because he didn't change over the course of the story - he was a trickster at the beginning and at the end of the play. Oberon Oberon is a round and a static character. He is static because he is more like a real person as he likes to boss people and his fairies around and gets jealous of someone over something. He is static because at the beginning and at the end of the play, he wanted the little Indian boy so desperately that he tricked his own wife into loving a donkey and did not regret doing that at the end. Titania Titania is round and static because she is the queen of the forest and the fairies, so she manages everything. spends time with Oberon, and she desperately wants the changeling boy. She is static as she changes who she loves in the play, but it was only when she was under the influence of the magic potion. Therefore, she still kept on loving Oberon after the antidote was given to her. Introduction Egeus gives Hermia three options - to marry Demetrius, to become a nun for the rest of her life, or to die. Egeus goes to Theseus to complain about her daughter. Theseus can't wait to marry Hippolyta which would be only four days later, but Hippolyta insists that it will come soon enough before they even notice it. Whereas Lysander and Hermia want to marry each other. Helena loves Demetrius, but he loves Hermia Hermia and is insisting to marry her. In the meantime, a group of amateur actors are rehearsing for the play "Pyramus and Thisbe" which is to be performed at the night of the duke's wedding. "The course of true love never did run smooth" - Lysander (Page 15, Line 134) "What angel wakes me from my flowery bed?" - Titania (Page 81, Lines 118-119) Rising Action 1. Lysander and Hermia plan to escape from Athens so they can get married at Lysander's aunt's house. They have to go through the woods to get there. 2. Oberon tells Puck to find the magic herb that will make Titania fall in love with the first animal/beast/person she sees when she wakes up. He is doing this to get the changeling boy stolen from an Indian king. 3. Demetrius tells Helena to leave her alone when they reach the woods following Hermia and Lysander. Oberon watches the couple and tells Puck to put the magic potion into the Athenian man's eyes. 4. Puck mistakes Lysander for Demetrius and puts the love potion in his eyes instead. So, when he wakes up he is in love with her. Whereas Titania has fallen in love with a donkey who is actually Bottom, one of the amateur actors who are supposed to be performing Pyramus and Thisbe 5. When their play is falling apart without the presence of Bottom, Oberon puts the love potion in Demetrius's eyes so he can fall in love with Helena. As a result, Helena and Hermia are left extremely confused and Helena thinks the three of them are playing a joke on her. 6. Titania is in love with Bottom and tells her fairies to treat him like a prince. Whereas Lysander challenges Demetrius to a dual to fight for Helena. Climax Puck confuses Lysander, Demetrius, Hermia, and Helena in the woods to make them fall asleep. He crushes the antidote in Lysander's eyes to reverse the spell. Denouement Theseus, Egeus, and Hippolyta find the four lovers asleep on the ground just outside the forest. Theseus invites them to get married at his own ceremony. They all happily agree and talk about their strange dream on the way to the ceremony. Falling Action The four lovers, and Theseus and Hippolyta get married. Oberon finally gets the little Indian boy. The actors perform horribly at the wedding and everyone makes fun of them. They all think that the dream the four lovers had was very strange. The fairies bless their beds and they all sleep as they are very tired. Thanks for watching!
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