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SECONDARY SECTOR

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by

Elena Fernandez

on 14 February 2016

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Transcript of SECONDARY SECTOR

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
INDUSTRIAL SPACE
RAW MATERIALS
FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION
SECONDARY SECTOR
TYPES OF INDUSTRY
HEAVY
INDUSTRY
Depending on the origin
Animal origin
Vegetable origin
Mineral origin
Artificial origin
ENERGY SOURCES
Power necessary to operate machines
Non-renewable
Renewable
Coal
Natural gas
Oil
Nuclear energy
Hydroelectric power
Solar enery
Wind power
Biomass energy
Geothermal energy
Wave or tidal power
HUMAN RESOURCES
CAPITAL
Capital can be provided by...
Private
companies
State
companies
Mixed
companies
Individual (S.L.)
Collective (S.A.)
Small (< 50 workers)
Medium (50<>250 workers)
Large (> 250 workers)
PYMES
INDUSTRIAL INTEGRATION
Horizontal
Vertical
CAPITAL GOODS INDUSTRY
LIGHT
INDUSTRY
IT PRODUCES SEMI-FINISHED GOODS
High investment
Close to deposits of raw materials or sources of energy
Very contaminating (far away from the cities)
Large spaces for their facilities
METALLURGICAL INDUSTRY
HEAVY CHEMICAL INDUSTRY
Siderurgical (Iron and steel)

Aluminium

Copper
Nitrogen
Acid
Phosphates
Caustic soda
...
PRODUCTS FOR DIRECT CONSUMPTION
Moderate use of raw materials and energy sources
Less contaminating
Located near cities and transport links
Variable size
Products from heavy industry
Finished products
It takes
They are transformed into
High technology
Construction materials
Industrial and agricultural machinery
Transport materials
Aerospace
Timber and paper
Electrical, electronic and computing
Food
industry
Automobile
industry
Light chemical
industry
Electronics and
computing
industry
Textile
industry
FACTORS OF LOCATION
PROXIMITY TO RAW MATERIALS AND SOURCES OF ENERGY
EXISTENCE
OF POPULATION
MEANS OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE AREA
PRESENCE
OF OTHER
INDUSTRIES
POLICIES IN FAVOUR OF INDUSTRY
TYPES OF INDUSTRIAL SPACE
http://www.apte.org/es/empresas-de-los-parques.cfm?park=45&sector=13&community=&province=&initial=
DISPERSED SPACES
GROUPED SPACES
UNITED STATES AND CANADA
Raw materials and natural resources
Qualified workers
Advenced technology
Concentration of capital
Communications network

LATIN AMERICA
Raw materials (mines)
Human resources

EUROPE AND RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Raw materials (mines)
Qualified workers
Consumers
Communications network

ASIA
Low price production
Natural resources
Energy sources
Abundance of workers and consumers

AFRICA
Recent industrialisation
Natural resources
Sources of energy

AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND
Low development of industry in New Zealand
Very concentrated in Australia

CHANGES IN INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION
New materials
(better quality, more ecological)
Recycling
New sources of energy
Robotisation
Digital technology
Internet
Computer programmes
Investment in RDI
(research, develpment and innovation)
Innovation in technology
GREENHOUSE EFFECT
ACID RAIN
REDUCTION OF THE OZONE LAYER
Reduce
Reuse
Recycle
Energy saving
Renewable
energy sources
Environmental impact studies
Improvements in technology
INDUSTRIAL AND MINERAL ROCKS
INDUSTRIAL ROCKS
MINERALS
ENERGY ROCKS
PRECIOUS STONES
SEMIPRECIOUS STONES
Coal

Oil

Natural gas
ROCKS USED FOR CONSTRUCTION
Limestone
Marble
Gypsum
Clay
...
Diamond
Emerald
Ruby
Sapphire

Amber
Jade
Agate
...

USEFUL MINERALS
Iron

Copper

Lead

...
PRECIOUS MINERALS
Gold

Silver

Platinum
...
STRATEGIC MINERALS
Uranium

Coltan

Cobalt
...
THE INDUSTRIALISATION CRISIS
DEINDUSTRIALISATION
RELOCATION
Full transcript