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Mythos and Logos
Transcript of Mythos and Logos
Mythos An Aesopic fable demonstrates how the techniques of mythical thinking have been applied to this same question. In an ancient Greek fable, Zeus invites all the animals to his wedding, but the turtle skips the wedding because she prefers being in her own home than being anywhere else; as punishment, Zeus makes her carry her house with her everywhere she goes. We could guess that some ancient person might have observed the turtle’s slow pace and understood the turtle as downcast and humiliated, struggling under its great burden — or perhaps an observer saw in the turtle great determination in the face of life’s adversities. Logos and Mythos Many of the great advances in civilization have been the product of these two ways of thinking working together. Artists, poets, musicians, and other mythical thinkers rely on the tools and techniques of logos for their own works of mythos. The pursuits of logos are in turn influenced by logical thinkers have figured out, for example, how to cure illnesses and prolong the average human lifespan, but they have learned through mythical thinking to value human life enough to bother. Questions to Consider What are the benefits and dangers of each type of approach? Which approach does our culture today favor? How do you know?