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Transcript of Colonial Pennsylvania
By Pauline Charlot, Kai Gloeckner, Sohrob Qadiri, Ashley Zhang
In the colonies many of the people were English but their was a mix of cultures like Germans, Scotish-Irish, African American, and others
Germans made up 1/3 of the population by time of the Revolution. Thousands of Germans liked the colony but most of them came from Rhineland. Rhineland is located in several areas of western Germany. Their skills made Pennsylvania a rich farming country.
Scottish-Irish combined 1/4 of the population by 1776 and migrated around 1717. They were frontiersmen coming from the Cumberland Valley located on the southern part of Pennsylvania then moved into central and western Pennsylvania.
Although Quakers did not exept slavery, in 1730 about 4,000 slaves were brought by English, Welsh, and Scotish-Irish colonists. In the 1770 the population of African Americans had increased to about 10,000 but about 6,000 got freedom.
Pennsylvania is known as the "Breadbasket Colony" because of the abundance in wheat and corn that is sent to England. The economy was booming at the time because of the skilled laborers, farmers, and trade. Jobs in Pennsylvania includes farming, blacksmiths, shipbuilding, and religious occupations. Trade in Pennsylvania is vital. Some exports are wine, apples, and rope. Some imports are clothing, furniture, and slaves. This helps mercantilism spread throughout Pennsylvania.
William Penn's Charter of Privileges: Digital Library. 1701. Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Web. 04 Oct. 2014. <http://digitallibrary.hsp.org/index.php/Detail/Object/Show/object_id/8286>.
Brief Biography on William Penn: "Brief History of William Penn." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2014. <http://www.ushistory.org/penn/bio.htm>.
Climate: "Pennsylvaina Colony." Pennsylvaina Colony. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2014.
"The Quakers of the Middle Colonies." Pennsbury Manor. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2014. <http://www.pennsburymanor.org/history/>.
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The Thirteen Colonies. Digital image. Economy. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2014.
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Relationship With Native Americans
Although William Penn got a grant by the king for all the land in Pennsylvania, he and his successor thought they should not settle in any part of land without buying the claims from the Native Americans who lived their. So they claimed all of the present Pennsylvania but not the northwestern third but it was purchased in 1768. The Native Americans left Pennsylvania and moved west because of all the failed attempts by Colonists and Native Americans to live side by side.
The Charter of Privileges by William Penn signed in 1701 dictates most of the colonial government in colonial Pennsylvania. The charter explains how there is religious tolerance along with the colonists having a set of rights. The religious tolerance attracts many immigrants such as the German and the Scottish. Quakers believe in equality, so Penn leads the concept when forming Pennsylvania's government. Pennsylvania is a proprietary colony along with originally being named "The Province of Pennsylvania." In the government, there are three branches. The largest is the General Assembly, then it is the Provincial Council, and lastly and most important the proprietor.
Welcome to colonial Pennsylvania's government! Here you will be able to practice your individual religion along with having individual rights. As a proprietary colony, we are supported by the King, but we are not under his thumb, such as the revolting Virginia. Here in Pennsylvania you can find your freedom in a nourishing environment. Our diverse society, such as the Germans and Scottish help make up our government, a fresh taste whereas there are many French inhabitants in horrid Virginia, ugh! Come to Pennsylvania now!
After the long trip from England, you must be hungry, but do not fret! Pennsylvania is known as "The Breadbasket Colony", so we have wheat, corn, and other items to export to England. Our numerous occupations allow for incoming colonists to thrive, and pay for food. Have a family? Even better! Children can learn the hard work of farming and how it benefits the economy. Leave, even run away from the poor soil of New Hampshire and step unto our rich soil. Experience the wonderful farming lifestyle, not the dead crops from New Hampshire. See you soon!
The climate of colonial Pennsylvania is moist and very temperate. It has cold winters and warm summers. In the winter, temperatures get to about 30 degrees Fahrenheit. Summer temperatures get to about 70 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit. The climate is also just right for farming, which is a way to make a living in Pennsylvania.
For those looking for industrial opportunities, especially farming, Pennsylvania is the colony to settle in. The weather is moist and is perfect for farming and other industries. In contrast, the climate of the New England colonies are much colder than that of Pennsylvania, so the New England colonies are not fit for farming. So, if you’re looking for a place to settle that will offer you lots of fertile land for your farms, look no further because Pennsylvania is the perfect spot to settle!
William Penn's Pennsylvania Charter of Privileges
Born on October 14, 1644 in London, William Penn was the founder of Pennsylvania. He hoped that his colony would be a safe home for Quakers, who believed in religious tolerance. William Penn was actually a Quaker himself so he promised religious tolerance to those who came to his colony of Pennsylvania. In 1681, King Charles II granted Penn a charter to establish Pennsylvania in the middle colonies of the New World. He also bought Delaware in 1682 from the Duke of York and Delaware became property of the Pennsylvania until 1776. In the colonies, Penn welcomed immigrants and encouraged fairness and kindness towards the American Indians already in the region by giving them some of their land. William Penn passed away July 30, 1718 having established one of the best colonies in the New World, Pennsylvania, the “city of brotherly love.”
Come to our colony, our founder makes the rules like no other. William Penn gives the citizens rights to choose how they want to run the government by allowing colonists to elect their leaders and even limiting his own power. In contrast, the Carolinas and Georgia were ruled by King Oglethorpe, who made strict rules that limited the power and rights of the citizens. Penn also allowed religious freedom. Because he was a Quaker, or a person who supports nonviolence and religious tolerance, Penn hoped that by founding the colony of Pennsylvania, he would give the rest of his fellow Quakers a safe home where they wouldn’t be persecuted for their religious beliefs. In contrast, the New England colonies still had the government leaders leading the church and the only colonists who could vote were church ministers. So if you are looking for a place with a founder who encourages fairness and peace, come to Pennsylvania today!
Pennsylvania is surrounded by multiple colonies yet is not land locked. To the North there's New York. To the East there is New Jersey and to the South is Virginia. In Pennsylvania there are mountains and plateaus. There is also fertile land for farming and the rolling hills make beautiful scenery.
Farming not a problem!
We have coastal plains and rich, fertile soil for a perfect farming experiences. Up north the soil is rocky and long hard winters are a pain. Here, it's different, we have flat rolling plains and beautiful scenery. Come to Pennsylvania, not to the North.
The Quakers, who allowed all religions founded Pennsylvania. It is referred to as a, "Holy Experiment." Where everyone can can pursue god in his or her own way. There is no official church.
Don't go to the southern colonies come to the middle, we have religious freedom while they have religious persecution. We allow all religions but down South they don't and that's not fair, we want you to be able to seek god in your own way. If you come to Pennsylvania then you can live a happy life.