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History Of the Paralympics

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Alexa Daniels

on 6 June 2014

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Transcript of History Of the Paralympics

Before the Paralympics
Before the paralympics, athletes with disabilities did complete in the olympics.
Categories of the Disabilities

cerebral palsy
intellectual disability
visually impaired
Les Autres

Famous Paralympians
History of the Paralypmics
What are the Paralympics?
The Paralympic Games is a International sporting event with multiple sports that is held immediately after the Olympic Games. It is held for athletes with a wide range of physical and mental disabilities.
The word 'Paraympic' comes from the greek word pará, meaning 'beside' or 'alongside,' as they intended the paralypics to be held at the same time as the Olympics. No relation to the word paralysis or paraplegia was intended.
Although, before the Paralympics, the word Paralympic was a portmanteau for the words 'paraplegic' and 'Olympic'.
The first athlete with a disability to compete in the olympic games was Karoly Takacs. He was a right arm amputee. He competed in the 1948 and the 1952 Summer Olympic in shooting events. He won gold medals in both of these olympics
The paralympics started In 1948
Sir Ludwin Guttman organized a sporting event for world war 2 veterans with spinal injuries. It was meant to coincide with the opening ceremonies of the 1948 Summer Olympics. The event was call
1948 International Wheelchair Games
The games were held in the same place again in 1954, and were described as the forerunner of the Paralympics
Sir Ludwig Guttmann
The first official paralympic games were held in Rome in 1960
These games were no longer open solely to war veterans. 400 athletes from over 20 countries competed
The sports
Summer Sports
Winter Sports
Alpine skiing
Ice sledge hockey
Cross-country skiing
Wheelchair curling
Ice sledge racing(discontinued)
There are many summer paralympic sports, here are just a few
literally "The Others", which are athletes with disabilities that do not fall into the other five categories; these include dwarfism, multiple sclerosis, and congenital disorders
Trischa Zorn is the most succesful paralymic athlete.
She has been blind since birth, and has competed in various swimming events. Trischa has a total of 55 medals (41 gold, 9 silver and 5 bronze) in over 7 Paralympics. She was introduced into the Paralympic Hall of Fame in 2012. She also took the Paralympic Oath for athletes at the 1996 Summer Paralympics in Atlanta

There are six categories for the paralympics, with each event having specific classifications
The classification system has led to cheating controversies revolving around athletes who over-stated their disabilities, in addition to the use of performance-enhancing drugs seen in other events.
Track Cycling
Football (soccer) 7-a-side
Power Listing
Wheelchair Fencing
Natalie du Tiot was one of the first to qualify for summer olympics
South African amputee Natalie du Toit competed in 12 Paralympic swimming events in 2004 and 2008 combines. She won gold in 10 of them. Du Toit also became the first amputee to qualify for the Summer Olympics, which she did in 2008.
Jonas Jacobsson has competed in 9 consecutive olympic games.
Jonas competed in ever summer olympics between 1980 and 2012. He has 17 gold medals (plus 4 silver and 9 bronzes) in various shooting events.
The 1992 Summer paralympics had a much higher number of participates because it was held in two locations. Barcelona and Madrid with 3020 and 1600 athletes, respectively.
Lee Pearson competes in horse dressage
Born with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, a condition which limits range of motion and can cause muscle weakness, Lee Pearson has competed in the last three Paralympic Games. And he’s won gold in every single event he’s competed in each time—dressage(horse dancing), freestyle dressage, and team dressage—for a total of nine.
Oscar Pistorius had the opportunity to compete with able bodied sprinters
Oscar Pistorius had his egs amputated as a baby after being born with a congenital defect. He started running when he was 5. Dominated the Paralympics. Won a court battle to compete with able-bodied athletes. Ran in the men’s 400m and the men’s 4x400m races at the 2012 Summer Olympics.

After winning just one gold in the 200m in Athens at the age of 17, he dominated the sprinting events in Beijing in 2008, winning gold in the 100m, 200m, and 400m.
Tanni Grey-Thompson won 12 gold medals in 12 years
Tanni Grey-Thompson is Great Britain’s most famous Paralympian. After a slow start to her wheelchair racing career at the 1988 Paralympic Games, where she won just one bronze. She has with spina bifida, but won 4 golds in ’92, 1 in ’96, 4 in ’00, and 2 more to cap things off in ’04. That’s a grand total of 11 gold medals. That includes wins in the 100m, 200m, 400m, and 800m in the same year—twice.
Franz Nietlispach competes in wheelchair racing and other sports
Franz Nietlispach is a versatile Paralympian. Though his main sport is wheelchair racing, he’s also competed table tennis and road cycling. He’s also an enduring Paralympian, having competed in every Games from 1976 to 2008.

He has won 14 gold medals in wheelchair racing, plus another 6 silvers and a bronze. He also got a bronze in cycling in 2004, 28 years after he won his very first Paralympic medal.
Erin popvich has won 14 god medals since 2000
Erin Popovich was born with a achondroplasia, one of the common causes of dwarfism. However, though her physical stature may be limited, Popovich is a giant in the Paralympic pool. She’s won a whopping 14 golds and 5 silvers since the 2000 Games, and at only 27.
Chantal Petitclerc is from Canada and competes in Wheelchair racing
Canada’s Chantal Petitclerc won 14 gold medals in women’s wheelchair racing. In back-to-back Paralympic games (2004 and 2008), she swept the competition, winning the 100m, the 200m, the 400m, the 800m, and the 1500m races. And those dominating performances came at the age of 34 and 38 respectively.
Esther Vergeer has only lost one tennis game since 2001.
Ester had a vascular myelopathy around her spinal cord, and has been confined to a wheelchair since the age of six. Ester started playing tennis at the age of nine. She’s been ranked #1 since 1999. She also has 5 olympic gold medals in tennis, three in singles and two in doubles.
The Numbers
The winter olympic has not been around for as long as the summer ones, and there is also not as many sports to compete in. These are both factors as to why the summer olympics have more athletes and countries involved than the summer ones.
In 2013, a spanish basketball team s convicted of cheating at the 2000 paralympics in Sydney. The team was made up of athletes who lied about having disabilities, when in fact nly 2 of the twelve suffered from disabilites.
'Of the 200 Spanish athletes at Sydney at least 15 had no type of physical or mental handicap - they didn't even pass medical or psychological examinations,' he wrote in Capital magazine just days after the Paralympics ended.
The 2000 Sydney Games saw fourteen athletes return a positive test, ten of which were in the powerlifting competition
In the 1996 Atlanta Games athletes with intellectual disabilities were allowed to participate for the first time.
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