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History of Bas Relief Sculpture

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on 24 September 2013

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Transcript of History of Bas Relief Sculpture

Bas Relief or low relief is a projecting image with an overall shallow depth
Early Uses
relative depth of elements shown are completely distorted
from the front the small variations in depth register as a three-dimensional image
requires less work than other techniques, and therefore cheaper to produce
Bas relief sculpting were first used in ancient early Egyptian, early near Eastern and Asian, and Meso-American cultures
Very low relief were used, and the images were painted over to define forms
The Ishtar Gate
Eighth gate to the inner city of Babylon, now in Berlin
Low reliefs of large animals formed from moulded bricks, glazed in colour
Roman decorative plasterwork is mainly known from Pompeii, buried by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius
Roman coins were also decorated with bas-relief portraits
The Tempio Malatestiano in Rimini, Italy, designed by Leom Battista Alberti around 1450, uses low reliefs by Agostino di Duccio inside and on the external walls
Plaster was very widely used for indoor ornamental work such as cornices and ceilings
Lorenzo Ghiberti's cast gilt-bronze "Gates of Paradise" at the Baptistery, Florence
After the Renaissance
In later Western art, bas-relief was used mostly as background in high-relief works to convey a sense of distance
Stone carving and metal casting became the most common medium/technique of bas-relief, while others were also used
20th Century
The use of bas-relief saw a revival in the 20th century, as it was popular on buildings in Art Deco and related styles
Sculptors like Eric Gill have adopted the shallow depth of bas-relief in works that are freestanding
History of Bas-Relief Sculpting
History of Bas-Relief Sculpting
Full transcript