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Transcript of Text Analysis
What is the message the author is communicating through key events in the story?
Use the text and your analysis to prepare three interpretive or evaluative discussion questions.
The Boy in the Striped Pajamas
by John Boyne
Exploring the Text
Select three interesting passages from the text and analyze the author’s word choice and sentence structure. How does it affect tone, mood, and pace?
- Bruno comes home to find his family is moving.
- Once settled into "Out-With," Bruno realizes they'll be living there for the "foreseeable future."
- Bruno meets Shmuel from the other side of the fence.
- They become good friends.
- Gretel and their mum go back to Berlin, heart broken over Bruno's disappearance.
- Bruno's father is sitting in the spot where Bruno was last and he comes to realize that he gassed his own son.
Bruno shows Gretel the kids on the other side of the fence from his window. Gretel panics.
Why is it included?
I think that the author included this part to show a comparison between Bruno's age and Gretel's age. Bruno sees it a whole lot differently than his older sister.
Wisdom does not always come with age.
How does Bruno feel about the ongoing anit-Semitism around him?
What kind of person is Bruno based on his actions?
How would the story be different if Bruno left with out saying goodbye to Shmuel?
The pace of this passage is almost slow: slow like a light shower before a thunderstorm. The mood is apprehensive while the tone is sorrowful.
The tone from this passage is serious, while the mood is perhaps a bit silly. The short fragmented sentences gives this a fast pace.
The mood of this passage is serious, with a hint of a defensive tone. The sentence in the beginning is short, like a statement while the last part is drawn out.
Based on Jim Harvey's speech structures
- Bruno looks out of his window and sees people outside wearing striped pajamas and caps.
- Bruno notices how there are only boys, men, and elderly men there: no women or girls.
- Bruno is told he is forbidden to go anywhere near the fence.
- Bruno helps Shmuel go looking for is Papa. Both young boys die in the gas chambers.
“...Despite the mayhem that followed, Bruno found that he was still holding Shmuel's hand in his own and nothing in the world would have persuaded him to let go.”
“Heil Hitler," he said, which, he presumed, was another way of saying, "Well, goodbye for now, have a pleasant afternoon.”
"I certainly am a doctor. Just because a man glances up at the sky at night does not make him an astronomer, you know."
Presentation by Jaime Remus