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When contour lines go "pure"
Transcript of When contour lines go "pure"
Sandro Botticelli, Italian, c. 1445-1510. His work has been seen to represent the linear grace of Early Renaissance painting. Among his best known works are The Birth of Venus and Primavera (Allegory of Spring).
1486, tempera on canvas, 67.9x109.6, Uffizi, Florence
la Primavera, 1482, tempera on vanvas,
The Ingres Line
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, 1780 – 1867, was a French Neoclassical painter.
Contour was the grammar and code for Ingres’ art. “We talk in classes a lot about the ‘lost and found line,’ the ‘lost and found edge’ and the ‘open form’ versus the ‘closed form,’” says Wade. “Botticelli and Ingres are thought of as ‘closed-form’ artists, they enclosed everything in line; whereas Delacroix and Rembrandt are examples of ‘open form’—their drawings explode over the edge of the contours.
“His drawings are distinguished by their careful containment of form, perfect lines, and subtle shadings,” says Phillip Wade, a painter and painting instructor at the Art School at the Austin Museum of Art, in Texas.
Louise de Broglie, Countess d'Haussonville, 1845, Frick Collection
Google cultural Institute
The period from about 1400 to 1500 in European, esp Italiantheories, painting, sculpture, and architecture, when naturalistic styles and humanist were evolved from the study of classical sources, notably by Donatello, Masaccio, and Alberti
The period from about the 1490s to the 1520s in painting, sculpture, and architecture in Europe, esp in Italy, when the Renaissance ideals were considered to have been attained through the mastery of Leonardo, Michelangelo, and Raphael
The great piece of Turf
Albrecht Museum, Vienna
The Great Piece of Turf, 1503
watercolor and gouache heightened with white, mounted on cardboard, 16 x 12 3/8 in.
Albertina Museum, Vienna
paintings were prized,
his most influential works were his drawings, watercolors, engravings, and woodcuts.
They were executed with his distinctively
northern sense of refined precision
and exquisite craftsmanship.
1471 – 1528, was a German painter, engraver, printmaker, mathematician, and theorist from Nuremberg. His high-quality woodcuts (nowadays often called "master prints") established his reputation and influence across Europe when he was still in his twenties, and he has been conventionally regarded as the greatest artist of the Northern Renaissance ever since.
Self-portrait silverpoint drawing by the thirteen-year-old Dürer, 1484
Katsushika Hokusai , 1760 – 1849,
was a Japanese artist, ukiyo-e painter
and printmaker of the Edo period.
Hokusai created the "Thirty-Six Views" both as a response to a domestic travel boom and as part of a personal obsession with Mount Fuji. It was this series, specifically The Great Wave print and Fuji in Clear Weather, that secured Hokusai’s fame both in Japan and overseas.
Woodblock prints were initially used as early as the eighth century in Japan to disseminate texts, especially Buddhist scriptures. In 1765, new technology made it possible to produce single-sheet prints in a whole range of colors.
The Great Wave at Kanagawa (from a Series of Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji), Edo period (1615–1868), ca. 1831–33
Katsushika Hokusai (Japanese, 1760–1849); Published by Eijudo
Polychrome ink and color on paper
10 1/8 x 14 15/16 in. (25.7 x 37.9 cm) (Oban size)
Chinese Gongbi Art
Gongbi is a careful realist technique in Chinese painting, the opposite of the interpretive and freely expressive xieyi
(sketching thoughts’) style. Gongbi requires drawing with fine lines first to represent the exaggerated likenesses of the objects, and then adds washes of ink and color layer by layer, so as to approach the perfection of exquisiteness and fine art.
Golden Pheasant and Cotton Rose Flowers with Butterflies (11th century) by Emperor Huizong of Song
Line drawing of Mogao cave painting
Watercolour, pen and ink
40.3 cm ×
(15⅞ in × 12¼ in)