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Transcript of Historical Archaeology
Franz Boas - Early American Anthropologist. Introduced the concept of Cultural Relativism (though he never coined the term).
Bruce Trigger - Author; cultural studies of Native populations in North America; examination of cultural development in separate contexts. Important concepts/theories/methods Material culture & seriation studies (Seriation series as a model)
Cultural ecology & Ethnography
Taphonomy (Stratigraphy, site formation, etc.)
Alternative histories (Oral traditions, symbolic records, art)
Zooarchaeology (Diet reconstruction - Fort Orange)
Battlefield Archaeology (Custer's Last Stand)
Underwater Archaeology (George Bass; La Belle & Bertrand shipwrecks)
Community / public Archaeology (Historical recreations; raises awareness and educates)
Problems Prehistory vs. historic periods / precontact vs postcontact:
Where do we draw the line?
Usefulness of documents and alternative histories:
Are they really telling the truth?
Cultural ecology debate: Is the environment really all important in cultural development? Arch 4411 Kent Flannery - Mesoamerican cultural studies
Charles E. Orser Jr. - Author
Michael Schiffer - Behavioural Archaeology and site formation. More People and Places of Importance Frameworks for Thought Questions? Comments?
Complaints? Smithsonian Institute 'Local' Heroes: Barry Gaulton, Amanda Crompton, Amelia Fay, Mike Deal. Work by people like Heinrich Schliemann exemplifies this practice of text use. Archaeology of place; settlement patterns & globalization (Modern development)
Gender/Feminist Archaeology - (M. Conkey; Art and gender roles)
Capitalist (Modern development) & Marxist (Proletariat/Class) Archaeologies
Processual & Post-processual theories An interdisciplinary sub-discipline of an interdisciplinary discipline Archaeology that examines culture(s) with use of written documents. Development of the modern era (examining the past ~500-600 years.)
Some say that Historical Archaeology should be limited to the Colonial period, others still debate whether pre-contact Native contexts can be considered in the study.