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NAZIAL LINES

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by

RAMYA BHANUJA TUMMALA

on 10 November 2013

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Transcript of NAZIAL LINES

NAZIAL LINES
INTRODUCTION
THE NAZCA LINES ARE A SERIES OF ANCIENT GEOGLYPHS LOCATED IN THE NAZCA DESERT IN SOUTHERN PERU.THEY WERE DESIGNATED AS A UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITE IN 1994.SCHOLARS BELIEVE THE NAZCA LINES WERE CREATED BY THE NAZCA CULTURE BETWEEN 400 AND 650 AD.THE HUNDREDS OF FIGURES RANGE IN COMPLEXITY FROM SIMPLE LINES TO STYLIZED SPIDERS,MONKEYS,FISH,
ORCAS,SHARKS AND LIZARDS.
THE MONKEY


NAZIAL LINES THROUGH SATELLITE
THE DOG

NAZIAL LINES

HISTORY
CONTRARY TO THE POPULAR BELIEF THAT THE LINES AND FIGURES CAN ONLY BE SEEN WITH THE AID OF FLIGHT , THEY ARE VISIBLE FROM ATOP THE SURROUNDING FOOTHILLS.THEY FIRST DISCOVERED BY PERUVIAN ARCHAEOLOGIST TORIBIO MEJIA XESSPE,WHO SPOTTED THEM WHEN HIKING THROUGH FOOT HILLS IN 1927.HE DISCUSSED THEM AT IN LIMA IN 1939.ARCHAEOLOGISTS,HISTORIANSAND MATHEMATICIANS HAVE ALL STRUGGLED WITH DETERMINING THE PURPOSE OF THE LINES.

SCHOLARS HAVE THEORIZED THE NAZCA PEOPLE COULD HAVE USED SIMPLE TOOLS AND SURVEYING EQUIPMENT TO CONSTRUCT THE LINES.ARCHEOLOGICAL SURVEYS HAVE FOUND WOODEN STAKES IN THE GROUND AT THE END OF SOME LINES, WHICH SUPPORT THIS THEORY.ON THE GROUND MOST OF THE LINES ARE FORMED BY A SHALLOW TRENCH WITH A DEPTH OF BETWEEN 10CM AND 15CM.THE EXTREMELY DRY,WINDLESS AND CONSTANT CLIMATE OF THE NAZCA REGION HAS PRESERVED THE LINES WELL.
ALTERNATIVE EXPLANATIONS
JIM WOODMANN BELIEVES THAT THE NAZCA LINES COULD NOT HAVE BEEN MADE WITHOUT SOME FORM OF MANNED FLIGHT TO SEE THE FIGURES PROPERLY.BASED ON HIS STUDY OF AVAILABLE TECHNOLOGY,HE SUGGESTS THAT A HOT AIR BALLOON WAS THE ONLY POSSIBLE MEANS OF FLIGHT.
ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS
PEOPLE TRYING TO PRESERVE THE NAZCA LINES ARE CONCERNED ABOUT THREATS OF POLLUTION AND EROSION CAUSED BY DEFORESTATION IN THE REGION.THE LINES THEMSELVES ARE SUPERFICIAL,THEY ARE ONLY 10 TO 30 CM DEEP AND COULD BE WASHED AWAY.NAZCA HAS ONLY EVER RECIEVED A SMALL AMOUNT OF RAIN.BUT NOW THERE ARE GREAT CHANGES TO THE WEATHER ALL OVER WORLD.THE LINES CANNOT RESIST HEAVY RAIN WITHOUT BEING DAMAGED.
DONE BY:
T.RAMYA BHANUJA
D.SAHITHI
Y.SNEHITH
B.D.P.ROHITH
K.LIKHITH
Full transcript