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Type 2 Diabetes - Web of Causation
Transcript of Type 2 Diabetes - Web of Causation
Access to Healthy Food - Food Deserts.
Access to insurance
Screenings: Most free programs include blood glucose screenings.
Approx. $10,000+ per/year for those with diabetes.
Web of Causation
- It effects the way your body metabolizes glucose the body's main fuel source.
-Body resists effects of insulin or does not produce enough.
-8th leading cause of death in Kent County. (CDC)
-7th Leading cause of preventable hospitalizations.
- 1 in 3 Americans born after 2000 will develop T2D by 18 years. (CDC)
Type II Diabetes
Men are more diagnosed than women
In Kent County, 51% of people w/Type 2 Diabetes are Male, while 49% are female
However, women are at risk of getting gestation diabetes which if poorly controlled can lead to type 2 diabetes
Uncontrolled gestation diabetes also puts a child at risk for obesity and later in life at risk for developing type 2 diabetes
Early screening and follow-up before, during and after pregnancy
It's unclear why certain races are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than others.
According to Kent County;
White people account for 6.8%,
Black/African Americans account for 9.9%, while
Hispanics account for 10.7%
of people with Type 2 Diabetes
Lack of, or poor access to affordable healthcare and poor nutrition contribute towards developing type 2 diabetes in Hispanics and Black/African Americans.
Risk of type 2 diabetes increases as you get older, especially after age 45. Why?
People tend to exercise less, lose muscle mass and gain weight as they age
Type 2 diabetes is also increasing dramatically among children, adolescent and young adults
In fact, people younger than 65 years account for 25.6 million or 11.3% in U.S.
Regular exercise such as walking for at least 30 minutes, 5 days in week could help maintain healthy weight as you age.
Both parents working, working more than one job
Leads to Not cooking at home
Which leads to fast food/take out
Cheap, easy, unhealthy, over consumption in calories
A proper diet is crucial.
Lack of knowledge of the foods that help reduce the risk of T2D.
Cooking & Food Preparation
Home Economics in School
Fresh Start Healthy Cooking.
Kids are overweight
Under regulation of sugar
Large selection, including fast food.
Grand Rapids School System given $2.93 per meal by the USDA. actual food cost after overhead= 50-60 cents/ meal.
Stay at home parent
Diet / Food
Meal Prep/ Portions
Types of food
Internet Culture - World at your finger tips.
Video Games/TV Time - Child Physical Activity
Concentrations of poor/low income population.
Mixed Income Housing
Risk of type 2 diabetes increases significantly if your biological parent or sibling has a history of type 2 Diabetes
If a parent has type 2 diabetes, the risk of his/her child getting type 2 diabetes is 1 in 7 if the diagnosis was before age 50
Some people who has immunological insulin resistance are genetically predisposed to type 2 diabetes.
Having family members who are obese could also increase the chance of you being obese which is one of the risk factors to type 2 diabetes
Access to early screening and preventative care is fundamental
Example -East GR
YMCA -Diabetes Prevention Program.
PA - 150 min. per/week
Reduce 7% Body weight
Nutrition in Action
10 % of the West Michigan population has diabetes.
Primary causation factor
Being overweight increases the chances of developing type 2 diabetes seven fold.